Ynys Môn (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 53°15′54″N 4°21′47″W / 53.265°N 4.363°W / 53.265; -4.363

Ynys Môn
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Ynys Môn in Wales.
Preserved county Gwynedd
Electorate 49,721 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Holyhead, Llangefni, Beaumaris
Current constituency
Created 1545
Member of Parliament Albert Owen (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
Welsh Assembly Ynys Môn, North Wales
European Parliament constituency Wales

Ynys Môn (Welsh pronunciation: [ˌənɨs ˈmoːn]; called Anglesey until 1983 in English) is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

The Ynys Môn Welsh Assembly constituency was created with the same boundaries in 1999.

History[edit]

The Laws in Wales Act 1535 (26 Hen. VIII, c. 26) provided for a single county seat in the House of Commons for each of twelve historic Welsh counties (including Anglesey) and two for Monmouthshire. Using the modern year, starting on 1 January, these parliamentary constituencies were authorised in 1536. In practice, the first known Knights of the Shire from Wales (as Members of Parliament from county constituencies were known before the nineteenth century) were perhaps not elected until 1545.

The Act contains the following provision, which had the effect of enfranchising the shire of Anglesey.

And that for this present Parliament, and all other Parliaments to be holden and kept for this Realm, one Knight shall be chosen and elected to the same Parliaments for every of the Shires of Brecknock, Radnor, Mountgomery and Denbigh, and for every other Shire within the said Country of Dominion of Wales;

The official name of the constituency in English was Anglesey, until it was replaced by the Welsh name Ynys Môn. Parliament approved the change, to take effect from the 1983 general election. This was purely an alteration of the official name, as no boundary changes were involved.

Boundaries[edit]

Geographically, the constituency of Ynys Môn comprises the whole of the main island of Anglesey and the smaller Holy Island.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1545– 1640[edit]

Parliament Member
1545 William Bulkeley
1547 William Bulkeley
1549 Sir Richard Bulkeley (I)
1553 (Mar) Lewis Ab Owen ap Meurig
1553 (Oct) William Lewis
1554 (Apr) Sir Richard Bulkeley (I)
1554 (Nov) Sir Richard Bulkeley (I)
1555 William Lewis
1558 Rowland Ap Meredydd
1562/3 Richard Bulkeley (II)
1571 Sir Richard Bulkeley (I)
1572 Lewis Ab Owen ap Meurig
1584 Owen Holland
1586 Sir Henry Bagenal
1588 Richard Bulkeley (III)
1593 William Glynne
1597 Hugh Hughes
1601 Thomas Holland
1604 Sir Richard Bulkeley (II)
1614 Sir Richard Bulkeley (II)
1621 Richard Williams
1624 John Mostyn
1625 Sir Sackville Trevor
1626 Richard Bulkeley (IV)
1628 Richard Bulkeley (IV)
1639–1640 No Parliaments summoned

MPs after 1640[edit]

Short Parliament

Long Parliament

Anglesey was unrepresented in Barebone's Parliament

First Protectorate Parliament

Second Protectorate Parliament

Third Protectorate Parliament

Election Member[2][3] Party
April 1660 The Viscount Bulkeley Court
1661 Nicholas Bagenal Court
February 1679 Hon. Henry Bulkeley Tory
August 1679 Hon. Richard Bulkeley Tory
1685 The Viscount Bulkeley Tory
1689 Hon. Thomas Bulkeley Tory
1690 The Viscount Bulkeley Tory
1704 The Viscount Bulkeley Tory
1715 Owen Meyrick Whig
1722 The Viscount Bulkeley Tory
1725 Hugh Williams Whig
1734 Sir Nicholas Bayly, Bt Opposition Whig
1741 John Owen Opposition Whig
1747 Sir Nicholas Bayly, Bt Opposition Whig
1761 Owen Meyrick Whig
1770 Sir Nicholas Bayly, Bt Opposition Whig
1774 The Viscount Bulkeley Opposition, later allied to Burke and later still to Pitt
1784 Nicholas Bayly Independent Whig, supported Pitt
1790 Hon. William Paget Whig, supported Pitt
1794 Hon. Sir Arthur Paget Whig
1807 Hon. Berkeley Paget Whig
1820 The Earl of Uxbridge Whig
1832 Sir Richard Williams-Bulkeley, Bt Whig
1837 Hon. William Stanley Liberal
1847 Sir Richard Williams-Bulkeley, Bt Liberal
1868 Richard Davies Liberal
1886 Thomas Lewis Liberal (Gladstonian)
1895 Ellis Ellis-Griffith Liberal
1918 Sir Owen Thomas Independent Labour
1923 Sir Robert Thomas, Bt Liberal
1929 Megan Lloyd George Liberal
1951 Cledwyn Hughes Labour
1979 Keith Best Conservative
1983 Name changed to Ynys Môn
1987 Ieuan Wyn Jones Plaid Cymru
2001 Albert Owen Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Ynys Môn[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Albert Owen 11,490 33.4 −1.3
Plaid Cymru Dylan Rees 9,029 26.2 −4.9
Conservative Anthony Ridge-Newman 7,744 22.5 +11.5
Liberal Democrat Matt Wood 2,592 7.5 +0.7
Independent Peter Rogers 2,225 6.5 −8.2
UKIP Elaine Gill 1,201 3.5 +2.5
Christian David Owen 163 0.5 +0.5
Majority 2,461 7.1
Turnout 34,444 68.8 +1.3
Labour hold Swing +1.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Ynys Môn
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Albert Owen 12,278 34.6 −0.4
Plaid Cymru Eurig Wyn 11,036 31.1 −1.5
Independent Peter Rogers 5,216 14.7 N/A
Conservative James Roach 3,915 11.0 −11.5
Liberal Democrat Sarah Green 2,418 6.8 −1.3
UKIP Elaine Gill 367 1.0 −0.1
Legalise Cannabis Tim Evans 232 0.7 N/A
Majority 1,242 3.5
Turnout 35,462 67.5 +3.8
Labour hold Swing +0.6
General Election 2001: Ynys Môn
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Albert Owen 11,906 35.0 +1.8
Plaid Cymru Eilian Williams 11,106 32.6 −6.8
Conservative Albie Fox 7,653 22.5 +1.0
Liberal Democrat Nicholas Bennett 2,772 8.1 +4.3
UKIP Francis Wykes 359 1.1 N/A
Independent Nona Donald 222 0.7 N/A
Majority 800 2.4
Turnout 34,018 63.7 −11.2
Labour gain from Plaid Cymru Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Ynys Môn[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Plaid Cymru Ieuan Wyn Jones 15,756 39.5 +2.4
Labour Owen Edwards 13,275 33.2 +9.7
Conservative Gwilym Owen 8,569 21.5 −13.1
Liberal Democrat Deric Burnham 1,537 3.8 −0.6
Referendum Party Hugh Gray-Morris 793 2.0 N/A
Majority 2,481
Turnout 39,930 75.4
Plaid Cymru hold Swing
General Election 1992: Ynys Môn[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Plaid Cymru Ieuan Wyn Jones 15,984 37.1 −6.1
Conservative Gwynn Price Rowlands 14,878 34.6 +1.3
Labour Dr Robin O. Jones 10,126 23.5 +6.6
Liberal Democrat Mrs Pauline E. Badger 1,891 4.4 −2.3
Natural Law Mrs Susan M. Parry 182 0.4 +0.4
Majority 1,106 2.6 −7.4
Turnout 43,061 80.6 −1.0
Plaid Cymru hold Swing −3.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Ynys Môn[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Plaid Cymru Ieuan Wyn Jones 18,580 43.2
Conservative Roger Kenneth Evans 14,282 33.2
Labour Colin Parry 7,252 16.9
Social Democrat Ieuan L. Evans 2,863 6.7
Majority 4,298 10.0
Turnout 42,977 81.7
Plaid Cymru gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1983: Ynys Môn[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Keith Best 15,017 37.5
Plaid Cymru Ieuan Wyn Jones 13,333 33.3
Labour T. Williams 6,791 16.9
Social Democrat D. Thomas 4,947 12.3
Majority 1,684 4.2
Turnout 79.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Keith Best 15,100 39.0 +15.2
Labour Elystan Morgan 12,283 31.7 −9.9
Plaid Cymru John Lasarus Williams 7,863 20.3 +1.2
Liberal John Jones 3,500 9.0 −6.5
Majority 2,817 7.3
Turnout 38,746 81.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election October 1974: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rt. Hon. Cledwyn Hughes 13,947 41.6
Conservative Vivan Lewis 7,975 23.8
Plaid Cymru Dafydd Iwan 6,410 19.1
Liberal Mervyn Ankers 5,182 15.5
Majority 5,972 17.8
Turnout 76.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rt. Hon. Cledwyn Hughes 14,652 41.8
Conservative Thomas Vivan Lewis 8,898 25.4
Plaid Cymru Dafydd Iwan 7,610 21.7
Liberal Edwin Jones 3,882 11.1
Majority 5,754 16.4
Turnout 35,042 80.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rt. Hon. Cledwyn Hughes 13,966 43.2
Conservative John Eilian Jones 9,220 28.5
Plaid Cymru John Lasarus Williams 7,140 22.1
Liberal Winston Roddick 2,013 6.2
Majority 4,746 14.7
Turnout 78.2
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Cledwyn Hughes 14,874 55
Conservative John Eilian Jones 9,576 35.4
Plaid Cymru John Wynn Meredith 2,596 9.6
Majority 5,298 19.6
Turnout 73.2
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Cledwyn Hughes 13,553 48.1
Conservative John Eilian Jones 7,016 25
Liberal E Gwyn Jones 5,730 20.4
Plaid Cymru R. Tudur Jones 1,817 6.5
Majority 6,537 23.1
Turnout 78.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Cledwyn Hughes 13,249 47
Conservative O. Meurig Hughes 7,005 24.9
Plaid Cymru R. Tudur Jones 4,121 14.6
Liberal Rhys Lloyd 3,796 13.5
Majority 6,244 22.1
Turnout 77.6
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1955: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Cledwyn Hughes 13,986 48.4
Liberal John Williams Hughes 9,413 32.6
Conservative Owen H Hughes 3,333 13.3
Plaid Cymru J Rowland Jones 2,183 7.5
Majority 4,573 15.8
Turnout 80.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Cledwyn Hughes 11,814 40.1
Liberal Miss Megan Lloyd George 11,219 38.2
Conservative O Meurig Roberts 6,366 21.7
Majority 595 1.9
Turnout 81.4
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1950: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Miss Megan Lloyd George 13,688 46.7
Labour Cledwyn Hughes 11,759 40.0
Conservative J O Jones 3,919 13.3
Majority 1,929 6.7
Turnout 82.7
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Miss Megan Lloyd George 12,610 52.2
Labour Cledwyn Hughes 11,529 47.8
Majority 1,081 4.4
Turnout 70.6
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Anglesey

Electorate 33,930

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Megan Lloyd George 11,227 44.5
Conservative Francis John Watkin Williams 7,045 27.9
Labour Cllr Henry Jones 6,959 27.6
Majority 4,182 16.6
Turnout 74.4
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1931: Anglesey

Electorate 33,700

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Megan Lloyd George 14,839 58.3
Conservative Albert Hughes 10,612 41.7
Majority 4,227 16.6
Turnout 75.5
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929

Electorate 33,392

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Megan Lloyd George 13,181 49.4
Labour William Edwards 7,563 28.4
Unionist Albert Hughes 5,917 22.2
Majority 5,618 21.0
Turnout 79.8
Liberal hold Swing
Sir Robert Thomas
General Election 1924

Electorate 28,343

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Robert John Thomas 13,407 63.9
Labour Cyril O Jones 7,580 36.1
Majority 5,827 27.8
Turnout 74
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1923: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Robert John Thomas unopposed
Liberal hold Swing
Anglesey by-election, 1923

Electorate 27,365[10]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Robert John Thomas 11,116 53.3
Labour Edward Thomas John 6,368 30.5
Unionist Richard Owen Roberts 3,385 16.2
Majority
Turnout 76.4
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1922

Electorate 27,365

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sir Owen Thomas 11,929 54.2
National Liberal Sir Robert John Thomas 10,067 45.8
Majority
Turnout 80.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

Sir Owen Thomas
General Election 1918: Anglesey

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Sir Owen Thomas 9,038 50.4
Coalition Liberal Ellis Ellis-Griffith 8.898 49.6
Majority 140 0.8
Turnout 69.4
Labour gain from Liberal Swing
United Kingdom general election, December 1910

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Ellis Jones Griffith unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
United Kingdom general election, January 1910

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Ellis Jones Griffith 5,888 70.7
Conservative Richard Owen Roberts 2,436 29.3
Majority 3,452 41.4
Turnout 80.5
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

At a by-election in 1907, Ellis Jones Griffith was re-elected unopposed.

Ellis Griffith
General Election 1906: Anglesey

Electorate 10,001

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Ellis Jones Griffith 5,356 67.0 n/a
Conservative C F Priestley 2,638 33.0 n/a
Majority 2,718 34.0 n/a
Turnout 79.9 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1900: Anglesey

Electorate 9,827

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Ellis Jones Griffith unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Anglesey

Electorate 9,993

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Ellis Jones Griffith 4,224 56.9
Conservative J R Roberts 3,197 43.1
Majority 1,027 13.8
Turnout 74.3
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1892: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Lewis 4,420 62.1
Conservative Morgan Lloyd 2,702 37.9
Majority 1,718 24.2
Turnout 70.6
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Lewis 3,727 52.1
Conservative Captain George Pritchard Rayner 3,420 47.9
Majority 307 4.2
Turnout 70.6
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1885: Anglesey
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Davies 4,412 56
Conservative Captain George Pritchard Rayner 3,462 44
Majority 950 12
Turnout 80.5
Liberal hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Beyond 20/20 WDS – Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "Y" [self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ Ynys Môn, Anglesey Council – candidates
  5. ^ "Election 2010 | Constituency | Ynys Mon". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-09-05. 
  6. ^ a b Ynys Mon, guardian.co.uk
  7. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  8. ^ UK General Election Results: June 1987
  9. ^ UK General Election Results: June 1983
  10. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949

Further reading[edit]

  • The House of Commons 1509–1558, by S.T. Bindoff (Secker & Warburg 1982)
  • Williams, William Retlaw (1895). The Parliamentary History of the Principality of Wales. Brecknock: E. Davies and Bell. pp. 1–8. Retrieved 2008-08-28. 
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results, 1918–1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow, 1949
  • Keele University, UK General Election Results, 1950