Ynysybwl

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Coordinates: 51°38′24″N 3°22′03″W / 51.640°N 3.3675°W / 51.640; -3.3675

Ynysybwl
Llanwonno-forestry.jpg
Llanwynno Forest in winter, as seen from St Gwynno's Church
Ynysybwl is located in Rhondda Cynon Taf
Ynysybwl
Ynysybwl
 Ynysybwl shown within Rhondda Cynon Taf
OS grid reference ST054949
Principal area Rhondda Cynon Taf
Ceremonial county Mid Glamorgan
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Pontypridd
Postcode district CF37
Dialling code 01443
Police South Wales
Fire South Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Cynon Valley
Welsh Assembly Cynon Valley
List of places
UK
Wales
Rhondda Cynon Taf

Ynysybwl (Welsh: Ynys-y-bŵl [ənɪsəˈbʊl]) is a village in Cwm Clydach in Wales. It is situated in the county borough of Rhondda Cynon Taf, roughly 20 miles (32 km) north-north-west of Cardiff, 4 miles (6 km) north of Pontypridd and 10 miles (16 km) south of Merthyr Tydfil, and forms part of the community of Ynysybwl and Coed-y-cwm.

Cwm Clydach is flanked by the Rhondda and Cynon Valleys. The market town of Pontypridd lies to the south at the meeting point of the three valleys; and to the north lies the large Llanwynno forestry. Before the local government reforms of 1996 Ynysybwl was in the Cynon Valley district of Morgannwg Ganol, and the area is historically a part of Glamorgan (Morgannwg).

Name[edit]

There is debate over the meaning of the name of the village with several conflicting definitions existing.

Ynys mean island in Welsh but no official translation for bŵl exists. Some theories include mutation from pwll (Welsh for pool), a loan-word from English bowl[1] (a reference to the shape of the valley) or mutation from the name Hywel (a monk from Margam who is said to have worked the land in the 16th Century). Other locally considered meanings of bŵl include rock or coal but neither has any similarity to Welsh equivalent words.

Locally, the village is often referred to as just "Bwl" or "The Bwl".

History[edit]

Ynysybwl is located in the centre of the Llanwynno parish, at the point where the stream known as Y Ffrwd flows into the Nant Clydach. Then a collection of small local farms and meadows in a quiet and completely rural valley, at the 1841 census around 200 people lived in the village and surrounding farms.[2]

The rich seams of coal in the Mynachdy level that lie beneath the surface had thus far only been tapped to the amount required to supply these local farms. David Davies began test bores in the early 1880s at Graigddu ("Black Rock"), which proved positive, and the resultant sinking of Lady Windsor Colliery by the Ocean Coal Company on 16 June 1884 gave birth to new coal town.[2]

Lady Windsor Colliery[edit]

Main article: Lady Windsor Colliery

Lady Windsor Colliery opened in 1886, with 300 new miners' houses built on the opposite (western) side of the valley in typical terraced fashion by the mining company to house its workers and their families.

At its peak, the colliery employed around 1,500 people directly, although most of the 6,000-7,000 village community relied upon the pit in one way or another. The pit thrived throughout the first half of the 20th century, one of a number of very successful mines in South Wales.

However coal mining fell out of favour with many people, including politicians, and the Lady Windsor Colliery did not escape the troubles that plagued the industry during the miners' strikes of the early 1980s. The pit was finally closed in 1988.

Present day[edit]

Ynysybwl Census
Population:
- Total (29 April 2001)
- 0-17
- 18-60
- 61+

4,787
25.8%
40.6%
33.6%
Welsh language:
- Any skills

23.4%

Despite the pit closure, the village has survived, people finding work in the newly developing industries in nearby Pontypridd, Treforest, Aberdare, Caerphilly, Merthyr Tydfil and Cardiff.

This, coupled with the replacement of the pit as the village focus by local churches, Nonconformist chapels, clubs and associations, has led to a renewed interest in regeneration of the village. This led to the formation of the Ynysybwl Regeneration Partnership, an umbrella group formed to help achieve funding and organisation for activities within the village.

Today, Ynysybwl has many clubs and associations for such a small village, boasting karate, rugby, football, netball, bowls, cricket, a pony club, a brass band (Lady Windsor Colliery Band) and sections of the Brownies. The village no longer has a male voice choir.

The nearby Llanwynno forestry also has the successful Cwm Clydach Outdoor Activity Group, an outdoor pursuits centre run by people from the village, and a newly developing cycle path that will form part of the local Taff Trail.

Places and events[edit]

As with many Industrial Revolution-born villages, Ynysybwl is a community based around a number of key places.

The local Trerobart and Glanffrwd schools cater for over 450 pupils. The Recreation Ground is the home to many of the village's sporting clubs, hosting rugby, football, cricket and bowls as well as incorporating a large playing area. Drinking establishments include the Roberttown, Constitutional Club and the Old Ynys-y-Bwl Inn.

The largest regular event around Ynysybwl is the regular passage of the Network Q Rally of Great Britain through the Llanwynno forestry.

A further traditional event is the running of the Nos Galan Races, in tribute to the legend of Guto Nyth Brân.

Transport[edit]

The Taff Vale Railway financed and operated the Ynysybwl railway, a branch line which left the main Taff Vale line. Initially the junction faced northwards;[3] later a chord was added to make a southwards connection at Clydach Court Junction.[4] The branch line opened a year after the Lady Windsor Colliery. The last passenger train from Ynysybwl Halt to Pontypridd was in 1953.[5]

Notable people[edit]

See also Category:People from Ynysybwl

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.someplacenamesinsouthwales.4t.com/rich_text_10.html Some Place Names in South Wales
  2. ^ a b http://webapps.rhondda-cynon-taff.gov.uk/heritagetrail/taff/ynysybwl/ynysybwl.htm
  3. ^ Ordnance Survey County Series 1:10560 Glamorganshire 1st revn (1901) OS Grid ST09
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey County Series 1:10560 Glamorganshire 2nd revn (1921) OS Grid ST09
  5. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20010210005749/http://www.rhodridavies.btinternet.co.uk/index3.htm[dead link]

External links[edit]