Yobe State school shooting
|Yobe State school shooting|
|Part of Islamist insurgency in Nigeria|
|Location||Mamudo, Yobe State, Nigeria|
|Date||6 July 2013|
|Target||Yobe State School|
|School shooting, terrorism, mass murder|
The Boko Haram (sometimes referred to as the Nigerian Taliban) was founded in 2002 to fight against the Westernization of Nigeria, which the group maintains is the root cause of criminal behaviour in that country. From 2009 to 2013, violence linked to the Boko Haram insurgency resulted in 3,600 deaths, including 1,600 civilians. In mid-May 2013, Nigeria declared a state of emergency in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe States, as it aimed to end the Boko Haram insurgency. The resulting crackdown has led to the capture or killing of hundreds of Boko Haram members, with the remainder retreating to mountainous areas from which they have increasingly targeted civilians.
Since 2010, Boko Haram has targeted schools, killing hundreds of students. A spokesperson said such attacks would continue as long as government soldiers continued to interfere with traditional Koran-based education. More than 10,000 children are no longer able to attend school due to attacks by the Boko Haram. Roughly 20,000 people fled Yobe State to Cameroon during June 2013 to escape the violence.
In June 2013, Nigerian soldiers beat students at a Koran-based school, angering Boko Haram members. A 16 June attack by Boko Haram militants killed seven children, two teachers, two soldiers, and two militants. The next day, militants killed nine students who were taking exams. On 4 July, gunmen attacked and killed a school headmaster and his family.
Before dawn on 6 July, gunmen attacked a government-run boarding school of 1,200 students in Mamudo village, Yobe State, Nigeria, killing at least 42 people. A local eyewitness described the situation: "It was a gory sight ... There were 42 bodies, most of them were students. Some of them had parts of their bodies blown off and badly burnt while others had gunshot wounds." Most of the dead were students, with a few staff members and a teacher also killed. Some were burned alive while others died of gunshot wounds. At the morgue, parents struggled to identify their children, as many bodies were burned beyond recognition. Survivors were taken to a nearby clinic, guarded by the Nigerian army.
According to survivors, the gunmen gathered the victims in a central location and then began shooting and throwing explosives. The assailants also brought fuel to set the school on fire. Six students who escaped were found hiding in the bushes with gunshot wounds and taken to the hospital. More than 100 others were missing as of 6 July.
On 7 July 2013, Yobe governor Ibrahim Geidam called the attackers cold-blooded murderers and "devoid of any shred of humanity". He ordered all secondary schools in the state to close until September, the start of the new academic year. He also requested that the national government end the cell phone outage in the state, saying the lack of cell service prevented citizens from alerting authorities of suspicious people in the area prior to the attack.
- "Nigeria school attack claims 42 lives". The Australian. AFP. 6 July 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- McElroy, Damien (6 July 2013). "Extremist attack in Nigeria kills 42 at boarding school". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "School attack kills 30 in northeast Nigeria". Newsday. AP. 6 June 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
- "Nigeria school massacre: Yobe secondary schools closed". BBC. 7 July 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.