Yogyakarta Principles in Action

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Yogyakarta Principles in Action is a movement for activists and human rights defenders to promote human rights, especially those of LGBTI around the Yogyakarta Principles, supported by ARC International, Hivos and Dreilinden Gesellschaft für gemeinnütziges Privatkapitel, Germany.

They published the "Activist's Guide" on the Yogyakarta Principles in August 2010 and also provided translations of the Yogyakarta Principles in languages which are not official languages of the United Nations, including Catalan, Dutch, Euskara (Basque), Filipino, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Lithuanian, Nepali, Persian, Portuguese, Sinhala, Slovak and Tamil.[1]

On 28 February 2011, International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission held a meeting to celebrate the launch of the Yogyakarta Principles accompanying "Activist's Guide".[2] And on 4 July 2011, Philippine LGBT groups celebrate the Yogyakarta Principles with the "Activist's Guide".[3]

Activist's Guide[edit]

This 146-page guide[4] consists of four sections preceded by a foreword, acknowledgements, and the purpose and structure of the guide. Unlike The Yogyakarta Principles, the term LGBTI instead of LGBT is used in all occurrences.

Table of Contents[edit]

The Foreword at p. 6 states, "We all have the same human rights. Whatever our sexual orientation, gender identity, nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status, we are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights - interrelated, interdependent, and universal - are shared by each one of us." On p. 7, it is stated that "There is an inconsistency between the rights identified in international human rights documents, such as those in the Yogyakarta Principles, and the rights actually enjoyed by individuals. While international standards may grant us rights, discrimination, stigma, violence, and fear pose real threats to people of diverse sexual orientations and gender identities. Activists, human rights defenders, and individual members of our many communities are the driving force behind closing this gap between our rights and our reality."

On p. 9, the Acknowledgement states that "Thanks are due to the staff of ARC International and the International Commission of Jurists, as well as the following group of generous activists:

On p. 10, the Purpose and Structure of this Guide states, "The Guide is an introduction to the Yogyakarta Principles, to facilitate a deeper understanding of the Principles and to encourage their use and their promotion."

Section 1, The Yogyakarta Principles - overview and Contents

  • 19 What are the Yogyakarta Principles?
  • 21 Why the Yogyakarta Principles?
  • 23 Application of the Yogyakarta principles to women, trans, and intersex people
  • 25 The International Human Rights System
  • 27 Human Rights at Regional Level
  • 27 The Inter-American Human Rights System
  • 28 The European system
  • 29 The African Human Rights System
  • 29 Asia Pacific Forum
  • 30 Rights for LGBTI People and International Human Rights Law
  • 35 To whom are the Yogyakarta Principles Addressed?
  • 36 The Yogyakarta Principles - A Living Document

Section 2, The Yogyakarta Principles Up Close

Section 3, The Yogyakarta Principle in Action

Section 4, Applying the Yogyakarta Principles

  • 140 Potential Applications
  • 145 Conclusion and Resources

Characteristics of the Guide[edit]

On p. 19, the guide states that "The Principles do not create any new rights; they are, rather, an articulation of rights already held. The Yogyakarta Principles are based on international human rights law as reflected in international and regional treaties; the jurisprudence of human rights treaty bodies and specialised courts and commissions; authoritative interpretation by the special rapporteur and working groups of UN; expert opinion; and State practice." At p. 21 affirms relating the cause of the Yogyakarta Principles that "In many other parts of the world LGBTI people continue to face criminalisation, marginalisation, discrimination, hatred and many, many forms of rights violations. Within many mainstream societies, the notion of rights for LGBTI people has historically been ignored or treated with derision."

And about notion and categorisation of LGBTI on p. 23 states that "Notwithstanding the desire to escape the negative connotations and effect of identity category, the LGBTI community does organise itself around identity groups, and common patterns of oppression are clear." And about intersex at p. 24-25 states that "Again, rights-based advocacy must be based on universal rights that are available regardless of how people are categorised. For example, although the drafters of the Yogyakarta Principles dis not specifically address the rights of intersex people, the Principles do identify the rights to be free from medical abuse. Advocacy on behalf of specific affirmation of each of the listed rights." And further about the transsexuals, at p. 100 states that "It is important to note that while "sexual orientation" has been declassified as a mental illness in many countries, "gender identity" or "gender identity disorder" often remains under considerations." (indicating F64 of ICD-10 Chapter V)[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Unofficial Translations of the Yogyakarta Principles
  2. ^ International Gay and Lesbien Human Rights Commission
  3. ^ Philippine LGBT groups celebrate the Yogyakarta Principles
  4. ^ Activists's Guide to the Yogyakarta Principles
  5. ^ The Jurisprudential Annotations of the Yogyakarta Principles also states relating to Principle 18 that "gender identity differing from that assigned at birth, or socially rejected gender expression, have been treated as a forms of mental illness. The pathologization of difference has led to gender-transgressive children and adolescents being confined in psychiatirc institution, and subjected to aversion techniques -including electroshock therapy - as a "cure""p.43

External links[edit]