Yolande of Brittany

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Yolande of Brittany
suo jure Countess of Penthrièvre
suo jure Countess of Porhoet
Countess of La Marche
Countess of Angoulême
suo jure Dame de la Fère-en-Tardenois, de Chailly, and de Longjumeau
Yolande de Dreux.jpg
Spouse(s) Hugh XI of Lusignan, Count of La Marche and Count of Angoulême

Issue

Hugh XII of Lusignan, Count of La Marche and Count of Angoulême
Guy of Lusignan
Geoffroy of Lusignan
Alice of Lusignan
Isabelle of Lusignan
Marie of Lusignan
Yolande of Lusignan
Noble family House of Dreux
Father Peter I, Duke of Brittany
Mother Alix of Thouars, Duchess of Brittany
Born late 1218
Dreux, France
Died 10 October 1272
Chateau of Bouteville, Charente, France
Chateau de Bouteville, Charente, where Yolande died in 1272

Yolande de Dreux, Countess of Penthièvre and of Porhoet (late 1218 – 10 October 1272) was a French noblewoman and a suo jure countess. By her marriage to Hugh XI of Lusignan, the eldest uterine half-brother of King Henry III of England, she became Countess of La Marche and of Angoulême. She was the mother of seven children. From 1250 to 1256, she acted as Regent of La Marche and Angoulême for her son, Hugh XII of Lusignan.[1]

Yolande was betrothed to King Henry III of England in 1226 at the age of seven years.[2]

Family[edit]

Yolande was born in Dreux, France at the end of 1218,[3] the only daughter of Peter I, Duke of Brittany and Alix of Thouars, Duchess of Brittany. She had two brothers, John I, Duke of Brittany and Arthur of Brittany (1220–1224). By her father's second marriage to Nicole, she had a half-brother, Olivier de Braine (1231–1279). Her mother, Alix, had died on 21 October 1221, when Yolande was not quite three years old. Yolande's paternal grandparents were Robert II, Count of Dreux and Yolande de Coucy, and her maternal grandparents were Guy de Thouars and Constance, Duchess of Brittany.

As her dowry, In 1236 Yolande received the titles of Countess of Penthièvre, Dame de la Fère-en-Tardenois, de Chailly, and de Longjumeau which she held suo jure. Later, her brother John I, Duke of Brittany granted her the title of suo jure Countess of Porhoet.[3]

Betrothals, marriage and issue[edit]

Sometime before 19 October 1226, when she was seven years old, Yolande was betrothed to King Henry III of England. [a] The marriage never took place. [b]

Yolande's second betrothal occurred in March 1227 to John of France, Count of Anjou, the son of King Louis VIII of France. The engagement was ended when John died aged thirteen.

Yolande was affianced a third time in 1231 to Theobald IV, Count of Champagne. As in the case with King Henry and John of France, this betrothal to Theobald also did not result in marriage. [c]

Yolande was more fortunate in her fourth betrothal, and in January 1236 she married Hugh XI of Lusignan. Hugh XI succeeded his father in 1249 as Count of La Marche and Count of Angoulême. His uterine half-brother was King Henry III of England to whom Yolande had been betrothed in 1226.

Together Hugh and Yolande had seven children:

  • Hugh XII of Lusignan, Count of La Marche and Count of Angoulême (died after 25 August 1270), married 29 January 1254 Jeanne de Fougères, Dame de Fougères by whom he had six children. He died while on crusade.
  • Guy of Lusignan, (died 1288/89), Seigneur de Cognac, d'Archiac, and de Couhé; Seigneur de la Fère-en-Tardenois.
  • Geoffroy of Lusignan (died 1264)
  • Alice of Lusignan (died May 1290), married in 1253 as his first wife, Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Gloucester, by whom she had two daughters.
  • Marie of Lusignan (1242- after 11 July 1266), married Robert de Ferrers, 6th Earl of Derby. She died childless.
  • Isabelle of Lusignan, Dame de Belleville (1248–1304), married Maurice de Belleville
  • Yolande of Lusignan (died 10 November 1305), married Pierre I, Sire de Preaux

Yolande's husband Hugh XI was killed at the Battle of Fariskur in Egypt on 6 April 1250. [d] Yolande acted as Regent of La Marche and Angoulême for her eldest son Hugh from 1250 to 1256.

Death[edit]

Yolande died at the Chateau de Bouteville, Charente on 10 October 1272. She was buried at the Notre Dame Abbey in Villeneuve-lez-Nantes.

Upon her death, her breton enoblements returned to the House of Dreux when the titles of Count of Penthievre and Porhoet were seized by her brother, John I, Duke of Brittany.

Ancestry[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A letter of the King dated 19 October 1226 confirms Henry III's betrothal to Jolentam filiam Petri ducis Brittanniae et comitis Richemundiae[3]
  2. ^ King Henry III of England eventually married Eleanor of Provence.
  3. ^ Theobald's daughter Blanche however married Yolande's brother John in 1236.
  4. ^ The Battle of Fariskur was the last major battle of the Seventh Crusade.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Angoulême, La Marche, Périgord
  2. ^ Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Brittany
  3. ^ a b c Cawley, Medieval Lands, Brittany

Sources[edit]

  • Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Angoulême, La Marche, Périgord
  • Charles Cawley, Medieval Lands, Brittany