Yomitan, Okinawa

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Yomitan
読谷村
Yuntan
Village
Location of Yomitan in Okinawa Prefecture
Location of Yomitan in Okinawa Prefecture
Yomitan is located in Japan
Yomitan
Yomitan
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 26°23′46″N 127°44′40″E / 26.39611°N 127.74444°E / 26.39611; 127.74444Coordinates: 26°23′46″N 127°44′40″E / 26.39611°N 127.74444°E / 26.39611; 127.74444
Country Japan
Region Kyushu
Prefecture Okinawa Prefecture
District Nakagami
Government
 • Mayor Denjitsu Ishimine
Area
 • Total 35.17 km2 (13.58 sq mi)
Population (December 2012)
 • Total 40,517
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Website Village of Yomitan
Example of yachimun, the pottery of Okinawa
Zanpa Point Lighthouse is a landmark in Yomitan.

Yomitan (読谷村 Yomitan-son?, Okinawan: Yuntan[1]) is a village located in Nakagami District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan.

As of December 2012, the village had an estimated population of 40,517 and a population density of 1,200 per km2.[2] The total area of the village is 35.17 square kilometres (13.58 sq mi).[3]

The village has adopted as its symbol the flying phoenix, playing on the fact that the shape of the village resembles a bird in flight. The village flower is the bougainvillea.

Government[edit]

The mayor of Yomitan is Denjitsu Ishimine.[4] As Yomitan is designated as a village, it is under the administration of Nakagami District. Once Yomitan reaches a population of over 50,000 it can then be classified as a city shi (?), thereby gaining a measure of autonomy and independence.

Geography[edit]

Yomitan is located on the western coast of the central part of Okinawa Island.[3] The village is bound to the north by Onna, to the east by Okinawa City, to the south by Kadena, and to the west by the East China Sea.

31.5% of the land area is zoned for agriculture, 35.7% is zoned as forest, 12.3% is zoned for housing, and the remaining 20.6% is zoned for other uses.[5]

History[edit]

The port of Hamanaga, which was located in the north of Yomitan, was an important center of Nanban trade, or "southern barbarian", trade of the Ryukyu Kingdom.[3] Zakimi Castle, a gusuku, was built between 1416 and 1422 by the militarist Gosamaru. The castle, along with other castle sites in Okinawa, was designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in November 2000.[3]

Yomitan was the site of fierce fighting during World War II. Zakimi Castle was used as a gun emplacement by the Japanese military. The Hijagawa River in Yomitan was the site of the initial landing of the Allied Forces in the Battle of Okinawa.

The village is known for one of the most devastating examples of mass suicide during World War II. Villagers at took refuge in Chibichiri Cave during the Battle of Okinawa. Faced with Allied Forces fierce fighting outside the cave, and Japanese forces to the rear, approximately 140 men, women, and children were convinced or ordered by the Japanese military committed mass suicide (shūdan jiketsu) on April 2, 1945.[6]

Until World War II the village of Yomitan was known as Yutanza (読谷山?), but after the war the village was renamed Yomitan.[3]

Industry[edit]

6% of the working population of Yomitan is engaged in so-called "primary" industries, including agriculture and fishing. 25% is engaged in the "secondary" industries, i.e. food processing and manufacturing; and 69% is engaged in the "tertiary" industries, services and trade.[7]

Agriculture[edit]

The chief cash crop of Yomitan is the chrysanthemum, which, unlike in mainland Japan, can be grown in Okinawa during the winter months with the aid of artificial light at night. Chrysanthemums are followed in value by sugarcane and pigs, in that order.[8][9]

Sugarcane is particularly suited to cultivation in Okinawa, as it does not require significant infrastructure (such as irrigation), grows well in Okinawa's soil, and can be left unattended for 18 months until harvest. The harvesting, refining, and butchering of commercial agricultural products are coordinated by the National Mutual Insurance Federation of Agricultural Cooperatives (JA), and the growers receive a share of the profits.

Another important crop in Yomitan is the purple sweet potato (紅いも beni imo?), if not for its value as a cash crop then as part of the local culture and tourist industry; the town promotes itself as the "beni imo hometown" (紅いもの里 beni imo no sato?), and holds a Miss Beni Imo (紅いも娘 beni imo musume?) contest each year. Sweet potato cultivation first reached Japan via Okinawa from present-day Taiwan, predating rice cultivation, and either Yomitan or neighboring Kadena can lay claim as the first cultivators of sweet potato in Japan.

Transportation[edit]

Yomitan is connected to Naha and other areas of Okinawa Island by bus. The town is crossed by Japan National Route 58.[3]

Tourism[edit]

In addition to beautiful and largely unspoiled beaches, Yomitan attracts tourists for its folk crafts, including pottery (yachimun, or やちむん in the local dialect), glassblowing (Okinawan glass being a famed product), sugar making, and salt making. There are several facilities where tourists can try their hand at these crafts, and take their handiwork home as souvenirs.[8]

Also of interest are the Zakimi Castle (座喜味城 Zakimi Gusuku?) ruins.

U.S. military bases[edit]

Approximately 36% (1,261 ha)[10] of the village is leased from the village and local landowners to the Ministry of Defense of Japan and used as the United States military bases under the U.S.-Japan Status of Forces Agreement. Areas outside the current boundary of Torii Station were developed as American family housing, but have been returned to Okinawan ownership. Two Facilities: Torii Communication Station (Army; 194 ha) and a part of Kadena Ammunition Storage Area (Air Force and Marine; 1066 ha) are located in the village. Senaha Communication Site (Air Force; 61 ha), Sobe Communication Site (aka Elephant Cage, decommissioned in 2006, Navy; 54 ha), and Yomitan Auxiliary Airfield (Marine; 191 ha) were returned in 2007 and have been developed into the Yomitan Village Office and civic facilities including running tracks, baseball fields.[5][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Smits, Gregory. Visions of Ryukyu. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1999. p11.
  2. ^ "人口の情報" [Population Information] (in Japanese). Yomitan, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: Village of Yomitan. 2012. Retrieved Jan 27, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "読谷(村)" [Yomitan]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 153301537. Retrieved 2013-01-27. 
  4. ^ "村長あいさつ" [Greetings from the Mayor] (in Japanese). Yomitan, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: Village of Yomitan. 2012. Retrieved Jan 27, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Utilization of the Land". Yomitan Village. 2000. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  6. ^ "Memorial service held in Chibichiri Gama marks 67 years since the Battle of Okinawa". Ryukyu Shimpo (Naha, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan: Ryukyu Shimpo Co. Ltd.). 2012-04-02. 
  7. ^ "Industries". Yomitan Village. 2000. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  8. ^ a b "Major Products". Yomitan Village. 2000. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  9. ^ "Yomitan". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2013. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2013-01-27. 
  10. ^ "米軍楚辺通信所など106ヘクタールきょう返還". Ryūkyū Shimpō (in Japanese). 2006-12-31. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  11. ^ "Japan-U.S. Security Consultative Committee (two-plus-two) and Alliance". Ministry of Defense of Japan. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Yomitan, Okinawa at Wikimedia Commons