Yomju County

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Yomju County
염주군
County
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-Reischauer Yŏmju-kun
 • Revised Romanization Yeomju-gun
Country North Korea
Region North Pyongan Province
Area
 • Total 288.3 km2 (111.3 sq mi)
Population (1991[1])
 • Total 134,000

Yomju County is a kun, or county, in northwestern North Pyongan province, North Korea, on the coast of the Yellow Sea. It is bordered by Ryongchon and Pihyon to the north, Tongrim to the east, and Cholsan to the south; to the west lies the ocean. The county was created in 1952 from portions of Cholsan and Ryongchon.

The terrain of Yomju is mostly level or rolling, sloping upward from the southwest to the northeast. In the north and east are small mountains like Mangilsan (613 m). The islands of the Pansong archipelago lie offshore and are a noted regional attraction. Other islands include Taedasado and Changdo.

Although warmed somewhat by the sea, the local climate remains basically continental, with an average annual temperature of 8.4 °C reflecting the fluctuation between January's -8.7 °C and August's 24 °C. Annual rainfall is relatively low, 800-1000 mm.

Due to the level terrain, 54.4% of the land in Yomju is cultivated, with only 15% remaining as forestland (mostly pine). The county is North Pyongan's second-largest producer of rice; other local crops include soybeans, maize, tobacco, and fruit. Fishing and livestock raising are also important local industries, as is salt harvesting. Yomju produces enough salt to satisfy 10% of national demand. A large aquaculture installation also operates in the county, dating from the early 1980s; it is reported to cover more than 1 km², with more than 80 separate ponds.[2]

The county is traversed by the Pyongui Line railroad, which connects Pyongyang and Sinuiju, as well as by the Tasado Line. In addition, the Paekma Line splits from the Pyongui Line at Yomju Station.

A large rock in Namap-ri has been designated North Korean natural monument No. 64.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Population and area taken from the agreement of the Dusan, Pascal, and Korean Britannica articles
  2. ^ "Yomju Youth Fish Farm". KCNA archive. 2002-03-04. Retrieved 2006-11-17. 

References[edit]

  • International Information Research Institute (국제정보연구소) (1999). "염주군". 北韓情報總覽 2000 [Bukhan jeongbo chong-ram 2000]. Seoul: Author. pp. 828–829. 

See also[edit]

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