Yonaguni, Okinawa

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Yonaguni
与那国町
Dunan
Town
Sonai Village and Harbor
Sonai Village and Harbor
Flag of Yonaguni
Flag
Location of Yonaguni in Okinawa Prefecture
Location of Yonaguni in Okinawa Prefecture
Yonaguni is located in Japan
Yonaguni
Yonaguni
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 24°28′5″N 123°0′17″E / 24.46806°N 123.00472°E / 24.46806; 123.00472Coordinates: 24°28′5″N 123°0′17″E / 24.46806°N 123.00472°E / 24.46806; 123.00472
Country Japan
Region Kyushu (Okinawa)
Prefecture Okinawa Prefecture
District Yaeyama
Government
 • Mayor Shukichi Hokama
Area
 • Total 28.95 km2 (11.18 sq mi)
Population (June 1, 2009 (est.))
 • Total 1,684
 • Density 58.2/km2 (151/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Chinese Fan Palm (Livistona chinensis)
- Flower Lily (Lilium)
- Bird Japanese White-eye (Zosterops japonicus)
- Flowering tree Crape Myrtle (Lagerstroemia)
- Butterfly Atlas Moth (Attacus atlas)
Address 129 Aza-Yonaguni, Yonaguni-chō, Yaeyama-gun, Okinawa-ken
907-1801
Phone number 0980-87-2241
Website Yonaguni Town
Japan's Westernmost Point Monument
Reverse side of Japan's Westernmost Point Monument

Yonaguni (与那国町 Yonaguni-chō?, Yonaguni: Dunan, Yaeyama: Yunōn, Okinawan: Yunaguni) is a town located entirely on Yonaguni Island in Yaeyama District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. It is the westernmost municipality in Japan, and is known for billfish fishing and as a diving spot. In 1987, divers discovered the Yonaguni Monument, a rock formation that some believe may be man-made.

It is also home to two Ryūkyūan writing systems, pictographic "kaida-di" (also used on Ishigaki and Taketomi islands where it is called "kaida-ji") and the symbols used to indicate family names, "dāhan" (also used on Ishigaki Island where they are called "yāban").

Geography[edit]

  • Yonaguni is the westernmost part of Japan and is a midpoint between the island of Ishigaki and Taiwan. At Cape Irizaki (Yonagunian language: Irinzati) on the western edge of the island, there is a monument inscribed with the words: “The westernmost point in Japan.”
  • The distance between Yonaguni and Hualien City, Taiwan is 111 km (69 mi) and therefore closer than Ishigaki, which is 118 km (73 mi) away. For further comparison, Yonaguni is much closer to Taipei (the capital of Taiwan) at approximately 160 km (99 mi) than its own capital(Tokyo), which is about 2,000 km (1,200 mi) away. Due to this it is attempting to establish closer relations with Taiwan, including attempting to set up easier access to and from cities in Taiwan, with irregular service to Hualien already established. Further cooperation has been opposed by the central government, thus the lack of further progress.

Rivers[edit]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1980 2,119 —    
1985 2,054 −3.1%
1990 1,833 −10.8%
1995 1,801 −1.7%
2000 1,852 +2.8%
2005 1,796 −3.0%
2005 Census, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications - Statistics Department
Demography47382.svg
Comparison of Population Distribution between Yonaguni and Japanese National Average Population Distribution by Age and Sex in Yonaguni
Yonaguni
Japan (average)
Male
Female
1970 2,913
1975 2,155
1980 2,119
1985 2,054
1990 1,833
1995 1,801
2000 1,852
2005 1,796
2010 1,657
2010 Census, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications - Statistics Department


History[edit]

Presently, the oldest confirmed ruins are the Tuguru Beach ruins. Due to the southern style stone tools found, it is thought that a culture influenced by Southeast Asia existed here at one time.

After this point, the history of the island of Yonaguni is unclear, but in the Gusuku Era, settlements were formed on the top of the plateau. The Shima Nakamura Ruins are one example, and it is known for being the birth village of the famous woman chief, San’ai Isoba.

From the time of the Ryūkyū Kingdom, Yonaguni prospered as a commerce center with Taiwan. Due to World War II, until it was placed under control of the United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands, the number of people involved in smuggling surged in the area. The population in 1947 had reached 12,000, but although Yonaguni became incorporated as a town, a crackdown on smuggling led to a sharp decrease in the population.[1]

Ishigaki and the surrounding towns and cities are discussing a merger, with the exception of Yonaguni which abstained, cutting the members of parliament from 12 in half, down to 6.

  • 1522 Invaded by the Ryūkyū army and became a territory of the Ryūkyū Kingdom.
  • 1872 The Ryūkyū Kingdom is abolished; in its place, the Ryūkyū Domain is established and the island becomes a territory of the Ryūkyū Domain.
  • 1879 The Ryūkyū Domain is abolished and becomes Okinawa-ken.
  • 1908 The island municipal system abolishes the magiri system, and the Ishigaki-magiri, Ōhama-magiri, and Miyara-magiri join the island of Yonaguni to become Yaeyama-son.
  • 1914 Through a division of Yaeyama-son, the village of Yonaguni-son is formed.
  • 1948 Yonaguni-chō is incorporated as a town.

Administration[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Ferry Yonakuni

Airport[edit]

Yonaguni Airport

Harbors[edit]

Kubura Harbor

Sonai Harbor

Roads[edit]

(Rental cars are available)

Bus[edit]

Region[edit]

Education[edit]

Because there are no high schools on the island, students entering high school must attend on the Okinawa mainland or on the island of Ishigaki, and 100% of junior-high schoolers continue on to high school.[2]

Famous places and historic sites[edit]

Yonaguni Monument[edit]

Main article: Yonaguni Monument

Animals of special significance[edit]

  • Atlas moth – Called ayami habiru locally, this is the world’s largest moth. In Japan, it is found only in Yonaguni.

Broadcasting[edit]

Television broadcasts consist of translator stations in Yonaguni and Uchimichi and radio broadcasts are established from the Yonaguni television translator station. It is also the only place in Japan where all three NHK Radio stations are on the FM band. In addition, Yonaguni receives Taiwanese television broadcasts (Taiwan Television(TTV), China Television(CTV), and Chinese Television System(CTS)), along with Taiwanese radio broadcasts.

List of broadcast station frequencies[edit]

TV translator frequencies[edit]

Location NHK General NHK Educational Ryukyu Broadcasting(RBC) Okinawa Television(OTV)
Yonaguni 37 39 41 43
Uchimichi 49 51 53 55

Radio translator frequencies (MHz)[edit]

Location NHK1 NHK2 NHK3 Ryukyu Broadcasting(RBCi) Radio Okinawa(ROK)
Yonaguni 83.5 80.3 85.8 84.7 79.5

Other information[edit]

Through the cell towers on the east side of Taiwan that are geographically close to Yonaguni, it is possible, depending on the weather, to receive GSM phone service on Taiwanese phones from Irizaki (and it is possible that GSM phones from international carriers could use the service while roaming).

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 「与那国「国境交流特区」がめざすもの」 (Yonaguni), page 1 (Japanese)
  2. ^ 『日本の島ガイド SHIMADAS(シマダス)』Foundation of Japanese Outlying Islands, Inc., 2004 (Japanese)