Yongala, South Australia

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Yongala
South Australia
Yongala3.jpg
Scene from the hill overlooking Yongala
Yongala is located in South Australia
Yongala
Yongala
Coordinates 33°02′0″S 138°45′0″E / 33.03333°S 138.75000°E / -33.03333; 138.75000Coordinates: 33°02′0″S 138°45′0″E / 33.03333°S 138.75000°E / -33.03333; 138.75000
Population 243 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 5493
Elevation 512 m (1,680 ft)
Location
LGA(s) District Council of Peterborough
County Dalhousie
State electorate(s) Stuart
Federal Division(s) Grey
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
21.8 °C
71 °F
7.2 °C
45 °F
363.4 mm
14.3 in

Yongala is a small town located in the state of South Australia, Australia. It has a population of approximately 240 people and is situated on the Clare-Peterborough Road (B79). The town was proclaimed on 23 May 1876 and within 5 years had a population of 353 as developers anticipated the connection of a railway. The railway instead went through the nearby town of Peterborough.[2]

Yongala is situated on a high plateau and winter snowfalls are common. The town holds several records for the lowest minimum temperature in South Australia.[2][3]

History[edit]

Yongala was established as a hundred and part of the Dalhousie county in 1871 as one of the first of the 12 hundreds to be declared in that county. Land could be purchased in a hundred as soon as it had been declared.[4]

The SS Yongala launched in 1903 and owned by the Adelaide Steamship Company was named after the town. It sank in a storm in 1911 off the coast of Townsville, Queensland and its wreck site is protected by the Commonwealth Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976.

Climate[edit]

Yongala recorded a temperature of -8.2°C on the 20 of July 1976.[5] This is the coldest recorded temperature in South Australia.[3] The town also holds the record low temperatures in South Australia for the months of May, June, August and September.[6]

Climate data for Yongala (1881-2014)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 43.5
(110.3)
44.0
(111.2)
39.5
(103.1)
36.0
(96.8)
27.6
(81.7)
23.3
(73.9)
25.6
(78.1)
28.2
(82.8)
32.8
(91)
37.8
(100)
41.8
(107.2)
41.5
(106.7)
44.0
(111.2)
Average high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
30.1
(86.2)
27.1
(80.8)
22.0
(71.6)
17.1
(62.8)
13.6
(56.5)
12.8
(55)
14.4
(57.9)
18.0
(64.4)
21.8
(71.2)
25.8
(78.4)
28.6
(83.5)
21.8
(71.2)
Average low °C (°F) 13.4
(56.1)
13.4
(56.1)
10.8
(51.4)
7.2
(45)
4.6
(40.3)
2.8
(37)
2.2
(36)
2.6
(36.7)
4.0
(39.2)
6.1
(43)
9.2
(48.6)
11.5
(52.7)
7.3
(45.1)
Record low °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
3.8
(38.8)
1.1
(34)
−2.5
(27.5)
−6.6
(20.1)
−8.1
(17.4)
−8.2
(17.2)
−6.0
(21.2)
−4.5
(23.9)
−3.0
(26.6)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.3
(34.3)
−8.2
(17.2)
Rainfall mm (inches) 22.1
(0.87)
21.4
(0.843)
16.5
(0.65)
25.1
(0.988)
34.9
(1.374)
39.6
(1.559)
39.7
(1.563)
43.3
(1.705)
38.0
(1.496)
33.6
(1.323)
27.8
(1.094)
24.4
(0.961)
366.4
(14.426)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2mm) 3.6 3.4 3.8 5.7 9.6 11.8 13.0 12.8 9.8 8.1 6.3 4.9 92.8
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Yongala". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 10 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Yongala". Peterborough Tourist Promotion Association. 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-09. 
  3. ^ a b "Rainfall and Temperature Records: National" (PDF). Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Counties and Hundreds - South Australia". Adelaide Co-operative History. 2006. Retrieved 2012-05-05. 
  5. ^ a b "Yongala". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Official records for Australia in January". Daily Extremes. Bureau of Meteorology. 29 May 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.