Yongzhou

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Yongzhou
永州市
Prefecture-level city
YongZhou.JPG
Yongzhou is located in Hunan
Yongzhou
Yongzhou
Location of the city centre in Hunan
Coordinates: 26°13′N 111°37′E / 26.217°N 111.617°E / 26.217; 111.617
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hunan
Area
 • Total 22,441.43 km2 (8,664.68 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,180,200
 • Density 230/km2 (600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 425000
Area code(s) 0746
Licence plate prefixes M
Website yzcity.gov.cn
Yongzhou
Chinese 永州
Postal Map Yungchow

Yongzhou (Chinese: 永州; pinyin: Yǒngzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in the south of Hunan province, People's Republic of China, located on the southern bank of the Xiang River, which is formed by the confluence of the Xiao and Xiang Rivers, and bordering Guangdong to the southeast and Guangxi to the southwest. With a history of 2000 years, Yongzhou is one of the four ancient counties in Hunan. Its total area is 22,441 square kilometres (8,665 sq mi), and it has a total population of nearly 5.8 million people.[citation needed]

Geography and climate[edit]

Yongzhou is the southernmost prefecture-level division of Hunan, and is located at the confluence of the Xiao (Xiaoshui) and Xiang Rivers. Within its borders is the Nan Mountains (Nan Ling), which increases the complexity of climatic variation. It borders Chenzhou to the east, Hezhou (Guangxi), Guilin (Guangxi) and Qingyuan (Guangdong) to the south, and Hengyang and Shaoyang to the north. Its area spans around 22,400 km2 (8,650 sq mi).

Yongzhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with an annual mean temperature of 17.78 °C (64.0 °F), although within the prefecture-level city this ranges from 17.6 to 18.6 °C (63.7 to 65.5 °F).[1] Winters are mild and brief, beginning somewhat dry and turning wet and gloomy as the season progresses. Spring is very rainy, especially in May, which is the wettest month. Summer is very hot and humid, with moderate levels of rain, and generous sunshine; on average, July and August are the only two months where the area receives more than half of possible sunshine. Autumn is the driest season. From January to May, on average, more than half of the days each month receive some precipitation. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 6.0 °C (42.8 °F) in January to 28.8 °C (83.8 °F) in July. The annual precipitation is around 1,430 mm (56 in). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 15% in February and March to 58% in July, the city receives 1,491 hours of sunshine annually.

Climate data for Lingling District (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
10.5
(50.9)
15.0
(59)
21.7
(71.1)
26.5
(79.7)
30.2
(86.4)
33.4
(92.1)
32.6
(90.7)
28.5
(83.3)
23.3
(73.9)
17.6
(63.7)
12.4
(54.3)
21.7
(71.1)
Average low °C (°F) 3.7
(38.7)
5.3
(41.5)
8.9
(48)
14.8
(58.6)
19.2
(66.6)
23.1
(73.6)
25.4
(77.7)
24.7
(76.5)
21.1
(70)
15.9
(60.6)
10.5
(50.9)
5.7
(42.3)
14.9
(58.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 84.1
(3.311)
110.1
(4.335)
143.5
(5.65)
190.1
(7.484)
229.2
(9.024)
159.6
(6.283)
125.0
(4.921)
141.4
(5.567)
57.6
(2.268)
79.8
(3.142)
62.8
(2.472)
42.6
(1.677)
1,425.8
(56.134)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16.3 16.1 18.9 18.2 17.3 14.2 10.7 12.1 9.4 11.6 9.5 9.4 163.7
 % humidity 81 82 83 82 80 79 72 76 77 76 74 74 78.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 61.5 47.1 56.6 84.9 124.9 152.5 243.0 212.4 154.2 129.0 117.3 107.9 1,491.3
Percent possible sunshine 19 15 15 22 30 37 58 53 42 36 36 33 34
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Administrative divisions[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Air[edit]

Rail[edit]

Yongzhou railway station (永州站)

Highway[edit]

Notable citizens[edit]

Yongzhou is the home of Chinese supermodel Liu Wen.

Sister cities[edit]

Country City State / Region Since
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka Emblem of Sri Lanka.svg Nuwara Eliya[2] Central Province 2009

Courthouse incident[edit]

Three judges were killed and three court staff were injured by submachine gun in the 2010 Yongzhou courthouse shooting.[3] The assailant was apparently angry at the Chinese justice system about the results of his divorce settlement.[4]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 永州城市介绍 (in Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2013-05-27. 
  2. ^ Nuwara Eliya strengthens ties with Chinese Yongzhou city Sri Lanka News
  3. ^ "Three judges shot dead at a court in Hunan, China". BBC News. 1 June 2010. 
  4. ^ Jacobs, Andrew (June 1, 2010). "Fatal Shooting at Chinese Courthouse". New York Times. 

Coordinates: 26°13′N 111°37′E / 26.217°N 111.617°E / 26.217; 111.617