|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||22,441.43 km2 (8,664.68 sq mi)|
|• Density||230/km2 (600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Licence plate prefixes||湘M|
Yongzhou (Chinese: 永州; pinyin: Yǒngzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in the south of Hunan province, People's Republic of China, located on the southern bank of the Xiang River, which is formed by the confluence of the Xiao and Xiang Rivers, and bordering Guangdong to the southeast and Guangxi to the southwest. With a history of 2000 years, Yongzhou is one of the four ancient counties in Hunan. Its total area is 22,441 square kilometres (8,665 sq mi), and it has a total population of nearly 5.8 million people.
Geography and climate
Yongzhou is the southernmost prefecture-level division of Hunan, and is located at the confluence of the Xiao (Xiaoshui) and Xiang Rivers. Within its borders is the Nan Mountains (Nan Ling), which increases the complexity of climatic variation. It borders Chenzhou to the east, Hezhou (Guangxi), Guilin (Guangxi) and Qingyuan (Guangdong) to the south, and Hengyang and Shaoyang to the north. Its area spans around 22,400 km2 (8,650 sq mi).
Yongzhou has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with an annual mean temperature of 17.78 °C (64.0 °F), although within the prefecture-level city this ranges from 17.6 to 18.6 °C (63.7 to 65.5 °F). Winters are mild and brief, beginning somewhat dry and turning wet and gloomy as the season progresses. Spring is very rainy, especially in May, which is the wettest month. Summer is very hot and humid, with moderate levels of rain, and generous sunshine; on average, July and August are the only two months where the area receives more than half of possible sunshine. Autumn is the driest season. From January to May, on average, more than half of the days each month receive some precipitation. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 6.0 °C (42.8 °F) in January to 28.8 °C (83.8 °F) in July. The annual precipitation is around 1,430 mm (56 in). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 15% in February and March to 58% in July, the city receives 1,491 hours of sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Lingling District (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||9.0
|Average low °C (°F)||3.7
|Precipitation mm (inches)||84.1
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||16.3||16.1||18.9||18.2||17.3||14.2||10.7||12.1||9.4||11.6||9.5||9.4||163.7|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||61.5||47.1||56.6||84.9||124.9||152.5||243.0||212.4||154.2||129.0||117.3||107.9||1,491.3|
|Percent possible sunshine||19||15||15||22||30||37||58||53||42||36||36||33||34|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
- Lengshuitan District (冷水滩区)
- Lingling District (零陵区)
- Dong'an County (东安县)
- Dao County (道县)
- Ningyuan County (宁远县)
- Jiangyong County (江永县)
- Lanshan County (蓝山县)
- Xintian County (新田县)
- Shuangpai County (双牌县)
- Qiyang County (祁阳县)
- Jianghua Yao Autonomous County (江华瑶族自治县)
Yongzhou is the home of Chinese supermodel Liu Wen.
|Country||City||State / Region||Since|
|Sri Lanka||Nuwara Eliya||Central Province||2009|
Three judges were killed and three court staff were injured by submachine gun in the 2010 Yongzhou courthouse shooting. The assailant was apparently angry at the Chinese justice system about the results of his divorce settlement.
- "永州城市介绍" (in Simplified Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
- Nuwara Eliya strengthens ties with Chinese Yongzhou city Sri Lanka News
- "Three judges shot dead at a court in Hunan, China". BBC News. 1 June 2010.
- Jacobs, Andrew (June 1, 2010). "Fatal Shooting at Chinese Courthouse". New York Times.