Yono-class submarine

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Class overview
Builders: North Korean Navy Yukdaeso-ri Naval Shipyards
Operators:  Korean People's Navy
 Islamic Republic of Iran Navy
Preceded by: Yugo class submarine
Subclasses: Ghadir class submarine
In service: 1965-present
In commission: 10
Building: 36
Completed: 36
Active: <36 (most in reserve mode)
General characteristics
Displacement: 130 tons submerged
76-95 tons surfaced
Length: 20-22 m
Beam: 2.75 m
Draught: 1.6 m
Propulsion: Single-shaft MTU diesel engine with electric drive
Speed: 10-11 knots surfaced
4-8 knots dived
Range: 550 nm surfaced or 50 nm submerged
Crew: 2 + 6 or 7 special forces personnel
Armament: 2 × 533mm (21in) torpedo tubes
mines

The Yono class submarine (also as Yugo Class) is a class of North Korean miniature submarine, produced for domestic use as well as for export. Also referred to as Yeono class vessels, these submarines displace 130 tons, significantly less than North Korea's larger 1,800-ton Romeo class submarines.[1] As of May 2010, North Korea is reported to operate 10 of these submarines.[1]

Combat involvement[edit]

Main article: ROKS Cheonan sinking

A Yono class submarine is thought to have fired the torpedo attack which sank a South Korean Pohang-class corvette, the ROKS Cheonan on March 26, 2010 in South Korean waters.[2] According to some investigators, the weapon used in the attack was a North Korean-manufactured CHT-02D torpedo, from which substantial propulsion parts were recovered. The device allegedly exploded not by contact, but by proximity 6 to 9 meters below the Cheonan, creating a powerful pillar of water, called the bubble jet effect.[3] High ranking North Korean military officials denounced the international investigation and said the North does not have the type of submarines that supposedly carried out the attack. They also dismissed claims regarding writings on the torpedo and clarified that "when we put serial numbers on weapons, we engrave them with machines." South Korea’s Yonhap News quoted South Korean officials as saying the North has about 10 of the Yeono class submarines.[4]

A member of the North Korean cabinet who defected to South Korea in 2011, said on 7 December 2012 that the crew of the North Korean submarine which sank Cheonan had been honored by the North Korean military and government. The defector, known by the alias "Ahn Cheol-nam", stated that the captain, co-captain, engineer, and boatswain of the mini-sub which sank the Cheonan had been awarded "Hero of the DPRK" in October 2010.[5]

Export and foreign production[edit]

The US Congressional Research Service suggests that Iran has purchased several midget submarines from North Korea.[6] The purchase may have involved Yono class and Yugo class mini-subs.[7] Beginning in 2006, Iran launched the first of several domestically-produced mini-subs.[6] In 2007 the Iranian navy unveiled its Qadir (Ghadir) class submarine, the first of a number of planned midget submarines of the Yono class.[6] Observers have disagreed on the exact classification of the Iranian derivative: Iran claims the vessel is a fully independent design, but it has been compared to the North Korean Yugo boats, Yono subs, and/or Sang-O Class coastal submarines.

Notes

  1. ^ a b North Korea rebuffs South Korea's evidence on Cheonan attack, Christian Science Monitor, May 20, 2010.
  2. ^ "S Korea Confirms North's Torpedo Sank Warship". Malaysian National News agency. 21 May 2010. Retrieved 21 May 2010. 
  3. ^ "North Korea condemned by world powers over torpedo attack". The Telegraph. 20 May 2010. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  4. ^ South Korea Faces Domestic Skeptics Over Evidence Against North, by Ben Richardson and Saeromi Shin, Bloomberg News, 30-05-2010
  5. ^ JoongAng Ilbo, "N. Korean Sailors Awarded Hero's Title For Attack On S. Korean Warship: Defector", 8 December 2012
  6. ^ a b c Iran Buys North Korean Midget Submarines, Marport: Happenings From the World of Deep Sea Technology
  7. ^ GlobalSecurity.org

References[edit]