Yorba Linda, California
|City of Yorba Linda|
|Motto: "Land of gracious living"|
Location of Yorba Linda within Orange County, California.
|Incorporated||November 2, 1967|
|• City Council||Mayor Gene Hernandez
Mayor Pro Tem Tom Lindsey
|• City manager||Mark Pulone|
|• Total||20.018 sq mi (51.847 km2)|
|• Land||19.483 sq mi (50.460 km2)|
|• Water||0.535 sq mi (1.387 km2) 2.67%|
|Elevation||381 ft (116 m)|
|Population (April 1, 2010)|
|• Estimate (2013)||67,032|
|• Density||3,200/sq mi (1,200/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific (UTC−8)|
|• Summer (DST)||PDT (UTC−7)|
|GNIS feature IDs||1652817, 2412321|
Yorba Linda ("Beautiful Yorba", in English) is an affluent suburban city in northeastern Orange County, California, approximately 13 miles (21 km) northeast of Downtown Santa Ana and 37 miles (60 km) southeast of Downtown Los Angeles. Yorba Linda has been identified as one of the richest cities in the U.S. by the U.S. Census Bureau, which shows a median household income of $121,075, higher than any other city in 2006.
As of the 2010 census, it had a population of 65,237. Its most famous resident was Richard Nixon, who was born there; however, his father moved the family away before Yorba Linda incorporated. The Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum is in Yorba Linda.
In 2005, CNN ranked Yorba Linda 21st among the best places in the U.S. to live. In 2008, Yorba Linda ended up 42nd on Money magazine's list of America's best small cities. Similarly, in an article by CNN Money, Yorba Linda was one of the richest U.S. cities and the richest in Orange County as reported by the Census data, showing a median household income of more than $120K: "Among towns of between 65,000 and 250,000 in population, Yorba Linda, California, where six-figure incomes are the rule, had the highest median income at $121,075".
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Politics
- 7 Government
- 8 Law enforcement
- 9 Infrastructure
- 10 Education
- 11 Notable residents and former residents
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
In 1834, Jose Antonio Yorba's most successful son, Bernardo Yorba (after whom the city would later be named), was granted the 13,328-acre (53.94 km2) Rancho Cañón de Santa Ana by Mexican governor José Figueroa. Most of this original land was retained after the Mexican American war in 1848 by descendants of the Yorba family. A portion of the city's land is still owned and developed by descendants of Samuel Kraemer, who acquired it through his marriage to Angelina Yorba, the great-granddaughter of Bernardo Yorba. The site of the Bernardo Yorba Hacienda, referred to as the Don Bernardo Yorba Ranch House Site, is listed as a California Historical Landmark.
Near that same site sits the second oldest private cemetery in the county, the historic Yorba Cemetery. The land was given to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles by Bernardo Yorba in 1858 since Orange County was not established out of Los Angeles County as a separate county until 1889. The cemetery closed in 1939 and was subsequently vandalized; however, in the 1960s, the Orange County Board of Supervisors took possession of the property to repair the damage, and tours are now available one day per month.
A section of the land was sold in 1907 to the Janss Investment Company, which first called the area Yorba Linda, and proceeded to subdivide the land and sell it for agriculture and manufacturing. In 1910, the agricultural aspect of that endeavor materialized, and the first of many lemon and orange groves were planted: at the time, the population was still less than 50. A year later, The Pacific Telephone & Telegraph Company began serving Yorba Linda, and the first school was constructed.
In 1912, several things happened in Yorba Linda: it received its first post office; the Yorba Linda Citrus Association was founded; the Southern California Edison Company began providing electricity; and the first church was constructed. The area that would later become downtown was also connected to Los Angeles by the Pacific Electric Railway in 1912, primarily for citrus transport.
In 1913, Richard Nixon was born in Yorba Linda, the chamber of commerce was set up, a library opened as part of the school, and avocado trees were first planted. A year later a separate district was established for the library system.
In 1917, the Yorba Linda Star began publication. It has since become an online section of the OC Register. However, a printed version of just the Star still exists and is available at various city buildings free of charge and is delivered to every household in Yorba Linda each Thursday. Moreover, its past articles are available for viewing on microfilm at the Yorba Linda Public Library. In that same year, the first street was paved, Yorba Linda Boulevard.
The small town had grown significantly by the 1960s, with more than 1,000 residents by the 1960 Census, and survived or fought off three annexation considerations or attempts: one by Brea in 1958 and one each by Anaheim and Placentia in 1963. These experiences culminated in incorporation, which occurred in 1967.
In 2007, Yorba Linda High School broke ground after many years of planning.
In November 2008, eastern Yorba Linda suffered from fires that destroyed 113 homes and damaged 50 others. The destruction was due largely to erratic winds causing embers to fly up to half a mile away.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.0 square miles (52 km2). 19.5 square miles (51 km2) of which is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (2.67%), water.
It has two ZIP codes, 92886 and 92887, approximately the western and eastern portions of the city, respectively. A third, 92885, also exists, exclusively for PO Boxes. The city is served by area codes 657 and 714 in a geographical overlay situation, in which 714 numbers were running out, so that 657 numbers are now also being issued in the same area. Eleven-digit dialing is therefore now required for local calls.
The city receives 14 to 15 inches of rain per year on average. The average temperatures in January and July are 55 and 71 degrees Fahrenheit, respectively, with the overall average for the year at 63. Humidity, likewise respectively, is 52%, 60%, and 56% on average.
|Climate data for Yorba Linda, California|
|Average high °F (°C)||71
|Average low °F (°C)||48
|Precipitation inches (mm)||2.86
The primary commercial district in Yorba Linda is Savi Ranch.
Smaller shopping centers in the city include:
- Eastlake Village Shopping Center
- Mercado del Rio
- Packing House Square
- Yorba Linda Station Plaza
- Country Club Village
There are over 1,000 businesses in the city, not including an additional 1,500 operating out of residential homes. The city also owns Black Gold Golf Club. Nonprofits based in Yorba Linda include International Student Volunteers.
Savi Ranch today contains retailers, auto dealers, restaurants, hotels, and office buildings.
Originally, the city pursued construction of an auto mall on the entire Savi Ranch site. Although multiple car lots do presently exist, the original plan was rejected by residents, in favor of a combination of retail stores, restaurants, hotels, and office buildings. Moreover, as of 2010, two of the three car dealer locations sit empty, one of which only sold used cars.
This is due to the fact that Savi Ranch is divided into two sections, east and west. Savi Ranch East is the Yorba Linda side, which is larger, while Savi Ranch West lies within the adjacent City of Anaheim. At the inception of Savi Ranch, the Home Depot was located in Savi Ranch East. In the early 2000s, however, the Super Kmart location in Savi Ranch West went out of business, and The Home Depot moved into that location and in the process took the sales tax across the city boundary.
Also located in the Yorba Linda side of Savi Ranch is the headquarters of John Force Racing, which house 16-time NHRA Funny Car Champion John Force, his team of drivers, and their cars. An on-site museum is dedicated to Force's career.
According to the City's 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of employees|
|4||City of Yorba Linda||194|
|8||Sunrise Senior Living||126|
The 2010 United States Census reported that Yorba Linda had a population of 65,237. The population density was 3,208.8 people per square mile (1,238.9/km²). The racial makeup of Yorba Linda was 48,246 (75.1%) White (65.7% Non-Hispanic White), 835 (1.3%) African American, 230 (0.4%) Native American, 10,030 (15.6%) Asian, 85 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 2,256 (3.5%) from other races, and 2,552 (4.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9,220 persons (14.4%).
The Census reported that 64,044 people (99.7% of the population) lived in households, 97 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 93 (0.1%) were institutionalized.
There were 21,576 households, out of which 8,535 (39.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 15,102 (70.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,844 (8.5%) had a female householder with no husband present, 758 (3.5%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 554 (2.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 101 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,119 households (14.5%) were made up of individuals and 1,515 (7.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97. There were 17,704 families (82.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.29.
The population was spread out with 15,792 people (24.6%) under the age of 18, 5,574 people (8.7%) aged 18 to 24, 13,848 people (21.6%) aged 25 to 44, 21,414 people (33.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,606 people (11.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.7 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.
There were 22,305 housing units at an average density of 1,114.2 per square mile (430.2/km²), of which 18,108 (83.9%) were owner-occupied, and 3,468 (16.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.0%. 54,464 people (84.8% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 9,580 people (14.9%) lived in rental housing units.
According to the 2010 United States Census, Yorba Linda had a median household income of $116,881, with 2.8% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
As of the 2000 Census, there were 58,918 people, 19,252 households, and 16,094 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,042.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,174.4/km²). There were 19,567 housing units at an average density of 1,010.4 per square mile (390.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.5% White, 1.2% African American, 0.4% Native American, 11.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.7% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.3% of the population.
There were 19,252 households out of which 44.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.3% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 16.4% were non-families. 12.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.05 and the average family size was 3.35.
In the city the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.1 males.
According to a 2007 estimate, the median household income in the city was $109,681, and the median income for a family was $122,373. Males had a median income of $66,712 versus $41,820 for females. The per capita income for the city was $36,173. About 0% of the population were below the poverty line.
56.7% of Yorba Linda's registered voters are Republicans, while 21.7% are Democrats. 3.77% of voters are registered with a third party, while 17.9% declined to state. The city voted for California Proposition 8 by 65.8% and for Proposition 4 by 59.3%. Yorba Linda was one of just three California cities to pass a measure in their city council proclaiming its support for the controversial Arizona immigration law, SB1070.
The city council consists of five members that are elected by residents to four-year terms, with a three-term limits. A city manager is hired by the council to run day-to-day operations of the city. The council elects its own mayor at the end of every year from within its ranks, whose duty is to "preside over the meetings and represent the city at various functions." The combination of these two things means that the city employs a council-manager form of government.
As of 2014, the council consists of:
- Gene Hernandez, Mayor
- Tom Lindsey, Mayor Pro Tem
- Peggy Huang, Council Member
- Mark Schwing, Council Member
- Craig Young, Council Member
Management of the city and coordination of city services is provided by:
|City Manager||Mark Pulone|
|Community Development Director||Steve Harris|
|Finance Director||David Christian|
|Acting Library Director||Carrie Lixey|
|City Attorney||Todd Litfin|
|Division Chief, Orange County Fire Authority||Kris Concepcion|
|Parks & Recreation Director||Bill Calkins |
|Chief of Police Services||Lt. Bob Wren OCSD|
|Public Works Director/City Engineer||Michael Wolfe|
Yorba Linda has four commissions, which meet monthly or bimonthly, to advise the city council about their respective projects.
The library commission operates the Yorba Linda Public Library, which has existed in some form since 1913, and is composed of five residents whose duties include selecting new materials for the library to acquire and establishing guidelines and regulations, among other things.
The planning commission is in charge of matters pertaining to land use, zoning, annexation, right-of-ways, and construction of new buildings, among other things; however, its five members are appointed by the council.
State and federal representation
From 1971 to 2013, police services were provided by the City of Brea Police Department. Beginning in 1971, this marked the first time in the state's history that a municipality, as opposed to a county sheriff's department, provided police services to another municipality. Prior to this setup, but after the city's incorporation in 1967, Yorba Linda did contract with the Orange County Sheriff's Department, which was and still is typical for municipalities that are not large enough or simply choose not to maintain an in-house police department.
On April 24 and 25, 2012, the Yorba Linda City Council met with citizens and police chiefs from the Anaheim and Brea police departments, along with Sheriff Sandra Hutchens from the Orange County Sheriff's Department, to vote on a new public safety contract. The meeting lasted 9 hours, finally ending at 3:00am on Wednesday April 25. The verdict, Yorba Linda would end its 42 years of service with the Brea Police Department. The city signed a 5-year contract with the Orange County Sheriff's Department that would become effective starting May 2013.
Fire services are provided by the Orange County Fire Authority.
St. Francis of Assisi School serves as the only Catholic school in the city. Many parents seeking a private school education for their children send their PS-8th graders to Heritage Oak Private School and high schoolers to nearby Lutheran High School of Orange County in the city of Orange, Servite High School (boys) or Rosary High School (girls) in Anaheim, or Mater Dei High School (co-ed) in Santa Ana.
Yorba Linda High School opened its doors in 2009. The first full graduating class from YLHS was the class of 2012. As of 2015, one private high school, Friends Christian High School, is currently under construction. Historically, a majority of Yorba Linda students also attend Esperanza in Anaheim, Troy High School in nearby Fullerton, or El Dorado in Placentia.
Yorba Linda also has a few Montessori preschools:
- Arborland Montessori Children's Academy
- IvyCrest Montessori Private School
- Pine Tree Preschool
- Yorba Linda Montessori
Notable residents and former residents
- Atreyu – metalcore band, formed in the city in 1998
- Sabrina Bryan – singer, actress (The Cheetah Girls)
- Michael D. Duvall – former Yorba Linda mayor and California State Assemblyman
- Ashley Edner – actress and dancer, sister of Bobby Edner
- Bobby Edner – singer, actor, dancer (Spy Kids 3D: Game Over)
- Danielle Fishel – actress (Boy Meets World)
- John Force – professional drag racer, owner of John Force Racing, reality TV star of Driving Force and 16 time NHRA Funny Car Champion
- Courtney Force – professional drag racer, second of John Force's trio of daughters
- Ashley Force Hood – professional drag racer, John Force's daughter
- Eric Friedman, also known as "Erock" – touring guitarist for Creed, former guitarist for Submersed, disc golfer
- Joe Hawley – player in National Football League, starting center for Atlanta Falcons
- Robert Hight – professional drag racer, NHRA Funny Car Champion
- Mitzi Kapture – actress
- Dan Kennedy – Major League Soccer player (Chivas USA)
- Steven Lenhart – Major League Soccer player (San Jose Earthquakes)
- Alli Mauzey – Broadway actress (Wicked, Hairspray, Cry-Baby)
- David McNab – assistant general manager and vice president of the Anaheim Ducks
- Marcus Mumford – musician (Mumford and Sons)
- Richard M. Nixon – 37th President of the United States. Richard Nixon was born in Yorba Linda in 1913 and lived there until 1922. His reconstructed home is listed as a National Historic Landmark and a California Historical Landmark. Adjacent to this home is the Richard Nixon Library and Museum.
- Audrina Patridge – reality TV actress (The Hills)
- Chris Pontius – Major League Soccer player (DC United)
- Bob "Buck" Rodgers – Major League baseball player and manager (Angels)
- Sergio Santos – Major League Baseball (Toronto Blue Jays)
- Ricky Wells – speedway rider, 2009 US National Champion
- Jessamyn West – writer, second cousin to Richard Nixon on her mother's side of the family; moved to California from Indiana in 1909 and attended schools in Yorba Linda and Fullerton; later authored books and poems, including 1945 novel The Friendly Persuasion, which was turned into a film, Friendly Persuasion, in 1956, starring Gary Cooper, Dorothy McGuire, and Anthony Perkins; a city park named in her honor, Jessamyn West Park on Yorba Linda Boulevard at Club Terrace Drive, is situated on the West family's former farm property
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yorba Linda, California.|
- Freeway Complex Fire
- Orange County
- Yorba Linda Water District
- Brea Police Department
- Richard Nixon
- Friends Church (Yorba Linda)
- [dead link]
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- "Community Development". City of Yorba Linda. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- "Yorba Linda Public Library Commission meeting" (PDF). April 2, 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
- "City Council/Redevelopment Agency Joint Meeting" (PDF). July 7, 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
- "Commissions". City of Yorba Linda. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
- "Library Commission". City of Yorba Linda. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
- "Planning Commission". City of Yorba Linda. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
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- "High School". Friends Christian School. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- "Esperanza High School". Retrieved 2010-08-03.
- "El Dorado High School". December 31, 1999. Retrieved 2010-08-03.
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|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Yorba Linda.|
- Official website
- Yorba Linda History – Developed by the Yorba Linda Public Library. Includes historic documents and photographs.