Yorick (programming language)

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Yorick
Designed by David H. Munro
Appeared in 1996
Stable release 2.2.03 / March 2014
OS Unix, Linux, Mac, Microsoft Windows
License BSD
Filename extension(s) .i
Website Yorick Home Page

Yorick is an interpreted programming language designed for numerics, graph plotting, and steering large scientific simulation codes. It is quite fast due to array syntax, and extensible via C or Fortran routines. It was created in 1996 by David H. Munro of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Features[edit]

  • Indexing

Yorick is good at manipulating elements in N-dimensional arrays conveniently with its powerful syntax.

Range of indices

Several elements can be accessed all at once:

> x=[1,2,3,4,5,6];
> x
[1,2,3,4,5,6]
> x(3:6)
[3,4,5,6]
> x(3:6:2)
[3,5]
> x(6:3:-2)
[6,4]
Arbitrary elements
> x=[[1,2,3],[4,5,6]]
> x
[[1,2,3],[4,5,6]]
> x([2,1],[1,2])
[[2,1],[5,4]]
> list=where(1<x)
> list
[2,3,4,5,6]
> y=x(list)
> y
[2,3,4,5,6]
Pseudo-index

Like "theading" in PDL (Perl Data Language) and "broadcasting" in Numpy (Numeric extension for Python), Yorick has a mechanism to do this:

> x=[1,2,3]
> x
[1,2,3]
> y=[[1,2,3],[4,5,6]]
> y
[[1,2,3],[4,5,6]]
> y(-,)
[[[1],[2],[3]],[[4],[5],[6]]]
> x(-,)
[[1],[2],[3]]
> x(,-)
[[1,2,3]]
> x(,-)/y
[[1,1,1],[0,0,0]]
> y=[[1.,2,3],[4,5,6]]
> x(,-)/y
[[1,1,1],[0.25,0.4,0.5]]
Rubber index

".." is a rubber-index to represent zero or more dimensions of the array.

> x=[[1,2,3],[4,5,6]]
> x
[[1,2,3],[4,5,6]]
> x(..,1)
[1,2,3]
> x(1,..)
[1,4]
> x(2,..,2)
5

"*" is a kind of rubber-index to reshape a slice(sub-array) of array to a vector.

> x(*)
[1,2,3,4,5,6]
Tensor multiplication

Tensor multiplication is done as follows in Yorick:

P(,+,,)*Q(,,+)

means \sum_{j=1}^{j=N}{P_{ijkl}Q_{mnj}}

> x=[[1,2,3],[4,5,6]]
> x
[[1,2,3],[4,5,6]]
> y=[[7,8],[9,10],[11,12]]
> x(,+)*y(+,)
[[39,54,69],[49,68,87],[59,82,105]]
> x(+,)*y(,+)
[[58,139],[64,154]]

External links[edit]