York Art Gallery
York Art Gallery in York, North Yorkshire, England is a public art gallery with a collection of paintings, from 14th century to contemporary, and 20th-century ceramics. It is managed by York Museums Trust, along with York Castle Museum the Yorkshire museum and gardens and York St Mary's.
The building was designed by Edward Taylor and built for the second Yorkshire Fine Art and Industrial Exhibition in 1879. It became the City Art Gallery in 1892. The building was reconstructed 1948–1952 after war damage and the main gallery was refurbished in 2005. The building is Grade II listed and overlooks Exhibition Square.
It is said (Fisher, ISBN 071399575, p. 413)[broken citation] to have been founded with a bequest from John Burton, a local businessman. Burton's taste was for 19th-century painters such as Frederick Daniel Hardy. The gallery also inherited "Bustos and Images" from Kirkleatham Museum.
The same author said that "the story of York Art Gallery under Hess, Ingemells and Green is proof that given high standards of scholarship, a love for good painting and curators who have confidence in their judgement, a gallery can prosper. At York the priorities have been right. The gallery glows with the idiosyncratic excellence of the paintings on its walls".
Since 1911 the gallery has been collecting works by York-born painter William Etty and now holds the largest collection of his work.
Parts of the building housed the York School of Art from 1892–1976 and then York City Archives until 2012.
On 1 January 2013, the art gallery closed for redevelopments which were planned to be completed by Easter 2015. The gallery's floor space will increase by 60%. The entire project is estimated to cost £8 million.
- Outside the gallery is a life-size sculpture of William Etty carved in Portland stone. It was sculpted by the local sculptor George Walker Milburn, and unveiled to the public on 20 February 1911. The centenary of this event in 2011 was commemorated by the major retrospective (June 2011 – January 2012) entitled "William Etty: Art and Controversy", with a book of the same name.
- Etty is also represented in one of the four roundels above York Art Gallery's entrance. The other roundels contain other famous York artists: the architect John Carr, the musician John Camidge, and the sculptor John Flaxman.
Curators and Directors
- 1947–1967 Hans Hess (museologist)
- 1967–1977: John Ingamells
- 1977–2002: Richard Green
- 2002–2008: Caroline Worthington
- 2008– : Laura Turner
- Pevsner and Neave (1995). The Buildings of England – Yorkshire: York and the East Riding. Penguin Books. p. 196. ISBN 0140710612.
- "York School of Arts and Crafts". Retrieved 17 October 2013.
- "York Art Gallery – Redevelopment 2015". York Art Gallery. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- "York Art Gallery £8m refurbishment to begin in new year". BBC News. 27 December 2012. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- Worthington, Caroline. "Refurbishment of York Art Gallery". Axis: the online directory for contemporary art. Retrieved 3 June 2009.
- "Curator's corner". Friends of York Art Gallery Newsletter. January 2009. p. 8. Retrieved 3 June 2009. "I've been now in post for six months"
- York Art Gallery website
- Details from listed building database (463359) . Images of England. English Heritage.