York Cold War Bunker

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York Cold War Bunker
York Cold War Bunker.jpg
General information
Type Cold War bunker
Location Monument Close, York, England
Coordinates 53°57′24″N 1°07′01″W / 53.95667°N 1.11694°W / 53.95667; -1.11694Coordinates: 53°57′24″N 1°07′01″W / 53.95667°N 1.11694°W / 53.95667; -1.11694 (grid reference SE5851)
Completed 1961 (1961)
Owner English Heritage
Designations Scheduled Monument

The York Cold War Bunker is a two-storey semi-subterranean Cold War bunker in the Holgate area of York, England, built in 1961[1] to monitor nuclear explosions and fallout in Yorkshire in the event of nuclear war.

One of about 30 around the UK and Northern Ireland, the building was used throughout its operational existence as the regional headquarters and control centre for the Royal Observer Corps's No. 20 Group YORK between 1961 and 1991. It is an English Heritage Scheduled Monument[2] and was opened in 2006 by English Heritage as a tourist attraction.

During its Cold War operational period the building could have supported 60 local volunteer members of the Royal Observer Corps inclusive of a ten man United Kingdom Warning and Monitoring Organisation scientific warning team. They would have collated details of nuclear bombs exploded within the UK and tracked radioactive fallout across the Yorkshire region, warning the public of its approach. This example of an ROC control building is the only one that is preserved in its operational condition. The others stand derelict or have either been demolished or sold. A few have been converted to other uses like No. 16 Group Shrewsbury that is now a veterinary clinic, another is a recording studio, two are satellite and communications control centres and one is a solicitor's file storage facility.

The fully restored building contains air filtration and generating plant, kitchen and canteen, dormitories, radio and landline communication equipment and specialist 1980s computers and a fully equipped operations room with vertical illuminated perspex maps.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cold War bunker, Holgate, York". The Press. 4 August 2007. Retrieved 22 September 2007. 
  2. ^ No 20 Group Royal Observer Corps Headquarters (1310348). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 22 September 2007.

External links[edit]