York County, New Brunswick

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York
County
Location within New Brunswick.
Location within New Brunswick.
Country  Canada
Province  New Brunswick
Established 1785
Area[1]
 • Land 8,136.66 km2 (3,141.58 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 97,238
 • Density 12.0/km2 (31/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011 Increase 8.0%
 • Dwellings 44,366
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
 • Summer (DST) ADT (UTC-3)
Area code(s) 506
Map of municipal government units in York County.

York County (2011 population 97,238) is located in west-central New Brunswick, Canada. The county contains the provincial capital, Fredericton. Outside the city, farming and forestry are two major industries in the county, which is bisected by the Saint John River. The Southwest Miramichi River flows through the northern section of the county.

History[edit]

York County was established in 1785, named after the second son of King George III, Prince Frederick-Augustus (1763-1827), who was made Duke of York in 1784.[2] By 1831,[2] the top half was highly populated, due to the rich soil in the region, so it was split off to become Carleton County.[3]

Census subdivisions[edit]

Communities[edit]

There are ten incorporated municipalities within York County (listed by 2011 population):[1]

Official Name Designation Area km2 Population Parish
Fredericton City 130.68 56,224 n/a
New Maryland Village 21.23 4,232 New Maryland
Upper Miramichi Rural community 1,835.01 2,373 n/a
McAdam Village 14.47 1,284 McAdam
Nackawic Town 8.40 1,049 Southampton
Stanley Village 17.34 419 Stanley
Canterbury Village 5.34 331 Canterbury
Harvey Village 2.46 363 Manners Sutton
Millville Village 12.16 307 Southampton
Meductic Village 5.57 270 Canterbury

First Nations[edit]

There are two First Nations reserves in York County (listed by 2011 population):[1]

Official Name Designation Area km2 Population Parish
Devon 30 Reserve 2.73 864 Douglas
Kingsclear 6 Reserve 3.75 490 Kingsclear

Parishes[edit]

The county is subdivided into fourteen parishes (listed by 2011 population):[1]

Official Name Area km2 Population Incorporated municipalities Unincorporated communities
Kingsclear 303.52 7,391 Kingsclear 6 (reserve) Carriage Hill / Central Kingsclear / French Village / Hanwell / Hanwell Hamlet / Island View /
Kingsclear / Longs Creek / Mazerolle Settlement / Newmarket / Oswald Gray / Pinecrest Heights /
Smithfield / Somerset Park / Starlight Village / Yoho
Douglas 1446.78 6,081 Devon 30 (reserve) Birdton / Boyds Corner / Cardigan / Carlisle Road / Currieburg / Deersdale / Dorn Ridge /
Dorn Ridge Road / Douglas / Estey's Bridge / Fredericksburg / Hamtown Corner / Hurlett /
Jones Forks / Keswick / Kingsley / Lower Stoneridge / MacLean Settlement / McLeod Hill /
Morehouse Corner / Napadogan / North Tay / Pughs Crossing / Royal Road / Tay Creek /
Tay Mills / Upper Stoneridge
Saint Marys 753.12 4,733 Bantalor / Cross Creek Station / Durham Bridge / Glencoe / Lower Durham / Lower Durham Road /
Manzer / Mount Hope / Nashwaak / Nashwaak Bridge / Nashwaak Village / Nashwaak West /
Penniac / Ross / Saint Marys / Taymouth / Upper Durham / Upper Durham Road / Zionville
Bright 404.17 3,068 Barton / Brewers Mills / Bright / Burtts Corner / Cahill / Central Hainesville / Crocks Point /
Greenhill / Greenhill Lake / Hayne / Howland Ridge / Howland Ridge Hill / Jewetts Mills /
Keswick Ridge / Lower Hainesville / Mactaquac / Mactaquac Heights / McKeens Corner /
Scotch Settlement / Sisson Settlement / Tripp Settlement / Upper Keswick / Vinegar Hill /
Zealand
New Maryland 375.78 2,466 New Maryland (village) Beaver Dam / Charters Settlement / Forbes Subdivision / Howarth Acres / Little Lake /
Nasonworth / Rooth
Manners Sutton 525.74 1,806 Harvey Station (village) Acton / Brockway / Christie Ridge / Coburn / Cork / Frog Lake / Harvey lake Shore /
Harvey Settlement / Hurley Corner / Lower Brockway / Manners Sutton / Middle District /
Prince William Station / Roach / South Tweedside / Swans Shore / Thomaston Corner /
Upper Brockway / Upper Mills / Wilmot / York Mills
Southampton 450.18 1,538 Nackawic (town)
Millville (village)
Bates Settlement / Bull Lake / Campbell Settlement / Caverhill / Central Waterville / Clarkville /
County Line / East Waterville / Hainesville / Hartfield / Hawkins Corner / Maple Ridge /
Maplewood / Nortondale / Pikes Peak / Pinder / Ritchie / Rossville / South Waterville /
Southampton / Temperance Vale / Temple / West Waterville / Woodman / Woodstock Road
Queensbury 301.38 1,272 Bear Island / Day Hill / Dumfries / Granite Hill / Lower Caverhill / Lower Line Queensbury /
Lower Queensbury / McNallys / Middle Hainesville / Scotch Lake / Springfield / Upper Caverhill /
Upper Hainesville / Wiggins Mill / York
Stanley 1,221.88 903 Stanley (village) Cross Creek / English Settlement / Giants Glen / Green Hill / Limekiln / Maple Grove /
Maple Grove Station / Mavis Mills / Red Rock / South Portage / Sutherland Siding / Tay Falls /
Tay Valley / Ward Settlement / Williamsburg / Woodlands
Prince William 288.23 895 Blaney Ridge / Donnelly Settlement / Lake George / Lake Road / Lower Prince William /
Magaguadavic / Magaguadavic Siding / Magundy / Pokiok Settlement / Prince William /
Rosborough Settlement
Canterbury 557.22 609 Canterbury (village)
Meductic (village)
Benton / Carroll Ridge / Charlie Lake / Dead Creek / Deer Lake / Dorrington Hill / Dow Settlement /
Eel River Lake / Hartin Settlement / Johnson Settlement / Marne / Middle Southampton /
Scott Siding / Skiff Lake
Dumfries 305.23 373 Barony / Carson / Davidson Lake / Dumfries / Hawkshaw / Lower Dumfries / Murray / Pokiok
North Lake 440.66 243 Forest City / Fosterville / Graham Corner / Green Mountain / Maxwell / North Lake /
Pemberton Ridge
McAdam 537.62 27 McAdam (village) Burpee / Cottrell / St. Croix / Sugar Brook

Demographics[edit]

Access Routes[edit]

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county limits:[6]

Protected areas and attractions[edit]

Notable People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: York County, New Brunswick
  2. ^ a b "York County". Where is Home? New Brunswick Communities Past and Present. Provincial Archives of New Brunswick. Retrieved 27 May 2012. 
  3. ^ Wright, Esther Clark (February 1972). "The Distribution". The Loyalists of New Brunswick (2nd. ed.). Canada: Moncton Pub. Co. Ltd. p. 197. 
  4. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  5. ^ 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: York County, New Brunswick
  6. ^ Atlantic Canada Back Road Atlas ISBN 978-1-55368-618-7

External links[edit]



Coordinates: 46°00′N 67°00′W / 46.000°N 67.000°W / 46.000; -67.000