York West

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For the provincial electoral district, see York West (provincial electoral district).
York West
Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario electoral district
York West, Toronto.png
York West in relation to the other Toronto ridings
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Judy Sgro
Liberal
District created 1867
First contested 1867
Last contested 2011
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2011)[1] 108,198
Electors (2011) 59,674
Area (km²)[2] 30.56
Pop. density (per km²) 3,540.5
Census divisions Toronto
Census subdivisions Toronto
Map of York West

York West is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1867 to 1904 and since 1917. As of the next election, the riding will be known as Humber River—Black Creek.[3]

Its population was 110,384 in 2001. The district includes the northwest corner of the former city of North York, including the extreme western part of Downsview.

It consists of the part of the City of Toronto bounded on the north by the northern city limit, and on the east, south and west by a line drawn from the city limit south along Keele Street, west along Grandravine Drive, southeast along Black Creek, west along Sheppard Avenue West, south along Jane Street, west along Highway 401, and northwest along the Humber River to the northern city limit.

The riding is represented by Judy Sgro in the Canadian House of Commons. Seeing as the riding has voted consistently Liberal since 1962, even when the party has done quite poorly across the country like in 1984 and 2011, it is considered[by whom?] to be one of the safest seats in Canada for the Liberals.

History[edit]

It was created by the British North America Act which divided the County of York into two ridings: York East and York West.

The West Riding of York consisted of the Townships of Etobicoke, Vaughan and that part of the Township of York lying west of Yonge Street.

In 1874, it was expanded to include all of the Village of Richmond Hill, which had previously been divided between the two York ridings, after the village council had peitioned to have the whole village included in York West.

The electoral district was abolished in 1903 when York was divided into three ridings. York West was redistributed between the new ridings of York Centre and York South.

The riding was re-created in 1914 from parts of York Centre and York South when the county of York, including parts of the city of Toronto, was divided into four ridings: York North, South, East and West. West York was defined to consist of the townships of Vaughan and Etobicoke and the villages of Weston, New Toronto, Mimico and Woodbridge and Ward 7 of the city of Toronto; and the portion of the township of York lying between the western limit of the city of Toronto and the township of Etobicoke bounded on the south by Lake Ontario and on the north by Northland Avenue.

In 1924, it was redefined to consist of the part of the county of York lying west of Yonge Street, south of the south boundary of the township of Vaughan and outside the city of Toronto.

In 1933, it was redefined to consist of the part of the Township of York lying west of a line drawn north from the limits of the city of Toronto along Weston Road and west along Lambton Avenue to the Humber River, the Township of Etobicoke, the towns of Mimico and New Toronto and the villages of Long Branch and Swansea.

In 1952, it was redefined to consist of the town of New Toronto, the village of Long Branch and the part of the township of Etobicoke lying west of a line drawn from the southwest corner of the town of Mimico north along the west boundary of the town of Mimico, east along Queen Elizabeth Way, north along Royal York Road, east along Sunnydale Drive, north along Prince Edward Drive, east along Bloor Street West and Old Mill Road, north along the Humber River, to the northern boundary of the township of Etobicoke.

In 1966, it was redefined to consist of the part of Metropolitan Toronto bounded by a line drawn from Eglinton Avenue West, north along Jane Street, east along Lawrence Avenue West, north along the C.N.R. line, west along Highway 401, north along Keele Street, west along Calvington Drive, northwest along Exbury Road, north along Jane Street, west along Sheppard Avenue West, north along Highway 400, west along Steeles Avenue West, south along the boundary between the Townships of Etobicoke and Toronto, southeast along the West Branch of the Humber River, south along Kipling Avenue North, east along Rexdale Boulevard, south along Islington Avenue North, east along Dixon Side Road, southeast along the Humber River, and east Eglinton Avenue West to Jane Street.

In 1976, it was redefined to consist of the part of Metropolitan Toronto bounded on the north by Steeles Avenue West, on the west by the Humber River, and on the south and east by a line drawn from the Humber River east along Lawrence Avenue West, north along Keele Street, west along Sheppard Avenue West, and north along Highway No. 400 to Steeles Avenue West.

In 1987, it was redefined to consist of the parts of the cities of Etobicoke and North York bounded on the north by Steeles Avenue West, and on the west, south and east by a line drawn from Steeles Avenue south along Martin Grove Road, southeast along Albion Road, north along Kipling Avenue, southeast along Farr Avenue, east to Islington Avenue, north along Islington Avenue, south along the western limit of the City of North York, east along Highway 401, north along Jane Street, east along Grandravine Drive, and north along Black Creek to Steeles Avenue.

In 1996, it was redefined to consist of the part of the City of North York bounded on the north and west by the city limits, and on the east and south by a line drawn from Steeles Avenue south along Dufferin Street, west along Sheppard Avenue West, north along Keele Street, west along Grandravine Drive, south along Jane Street, and west along Highway 401 to the western city limit.

In 2003, it was given its current boundaries as described above.

Members of Parliament[edit]

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

Parliament Years Member Party
York West
1st  1867 − 1868     William Pearce Howland Liberal–Conservative
 1868 − 1872     Amos Wright Liberal
2nd  1872 − 1874     David Blain Liberal
3rd  1874 − 1878
4th  1878 − 1882     Nathaniel Clarke Wallace Conservative
5th  1882 − 1887
6th  1887 − 1891
7th  1891 − 1896
8th  1896 − 1897
 1897 − 1900
9th  1900 − 1902
 1902 − 1904     Archibald Campbell Liberal
Riding dissolved into York Centre and York South
Riding re-created from York Centre and York South
13th  1917 − 1921     Thomas George Wallace Government (Unionist)
14th  1921 − 1925     Henry Lumley Drayton Conservative
15th  1925 − 1926
16th  1926 − 1928
 1928 − 1930     Earl Lawson Conservative
17th  1930 − 1935
18th  1935 − 1940     John Everett Lyle Streight Liberal
19th  1940 − 1945     Agar Rodney Adamson Progressive Conservative
20th  1945 − 1949
21st  1949 − 1953
22nd  1953 − 1954
 1954 − 1957     John Borden Hamilton Progressive Conservative
23rd  1957 − 1958
24th  1958 − 1962
25th  1962 − 1963     Red Kelly Liberal
26th  1963 − 1965
27th  1965 − 1968     Robert Winters Liberal
28th  1968 − 1972     Philip Givens Liberal
29th  1972 − 1974     James Fleming Liberal
30th  1974 − 1979
31st  1979 − 1980
32nd  1980 − 1984
33rd  1984 − 1988     Sergio Marchi Liberal
34th  1988 − 1993
35th  1993 − 1997
36th  1997 − 1999
 1999 − 2000     Judy Sgro Liberal
37th  2000 − 2004
38th  2004 − 2006
39th  2006 − 2008
40th  2008 − 2011
41st  2011 − Present

Former boundaries[edit]

Election results[edit]

1917 - present[edit]

Canadian federal election, 2011
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Judy Sgro 13,030 47.0 -12.4
New Democratic Giulio Manfrini 7,721 27.8 +9.1
Conservative Audrey Walters 6,122 22.1 +5.4
Green Unblind Tibben 450 1.6 -3.6
Christian Heritage George Okoth Otura 231 0.8
Canadian Action Arthur Smitherman 170 0.6
Total valid votes/Expense limit 27,724 100.0
Total rejected ballots 267 1.0 +0.2
Turnout 27,991 48.2 -0.1
Eligible voters 57,287
Canadian federal election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Judy Sgro 16,997 59.4 -4.4 $35,514
New Democratic Giulio Manfrini 5,363 18.7 +4.6 $12,354
Conservative Kevin Nguyen 4,773 16.7 -1.9 $12,960
Green Nick Capra 1,488 5.2 +2.2 $1,557
Total valid votes/Expense limit 28,621 100.0 $77,457
Total rejected ballots 219 0.8
Turnout 28,840 48.3


Canadian federal election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Liberal Judy Sgro 21,418 63.78 $48,741.93
     Conservative Parm Gill 6,244 18.59 $71,005.65
     New Democratic Party Sandra Romano Anthony 4,724 14.07 $8,845.73
Green Nick Capra 1,002 2.98 $1,692.18
     Independent Axcel Cocon 192 0.57 $1,801.61
Total valid votes 33,580 100.00
Total rejected ballots 261
Turnout 33,841 57.90
Electors on the lists 58,450
Canadian federal election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Judy Sgro 17,903 64.7 -12.6
New Democratic Sandra Romano Anthony 4,228 15.2 +6.0
Conservative Leslie Soobrian 3,120 11.2 +0.5
Christian Heritage Joseph Grubb 1,580 5.7
Green Tim McKellar 824 3.0
Total valid votes 27,655 100.0

Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election.

Canadian federal election, 2000
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Judy Sgro 19,737 77.3 +3.1
Alliance Munish Chandra 2,724 10.7 +7.9
New Democratic Julia McCrea 2,361 9.2 +1.5
Marijuana G. Marcello Marchetti 537 2.1
Marxist–Leninist Amarjit Dhillon 175 0.7
Total valid votes 25,534 100.0

Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election.

By-election on November 15, 1999
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Judy Sgro 10,034 74.2 +0.5
Progressive Conservative Elio Di Iorio 1,721 12.7 +5.2
New Democratic Julia McCrea 1,054 7.8 -2.1
Reform Enzo Granzotto 377 2.8 -6.2
Canadian Action Stephen Burega 242 1.8
Green Henry Zeifman 101 0.7
Total valid votes 13,529 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1997
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Sergio Marchi 21,254 73.6 -6.2
New Democratic Lombe Chinkangala 2,853 9.9 +6.5
Reform Ken Freeman 2,598 9.0 -1.7
Progressive Conservative Richard Donovan 2,165 7.5 +2.8
Total valid votes 28,870 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1993
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Sergio Marchi 25,356 79.8 +20.2
Reform Bruce A. Castleman 3,385 10.7 -8.4
Progressive Conservative Marguerite Bebluk 1,506 4.7 -14.3
New Democratic Rosanne Giulietti 1,074 3.4 -14.8
Natural Law Claudio Paolini 209 0.7
Marxist–Leninist Jean-Paul Bédard 164 0.5
Abolitionist Ljiljana Medjedovic 82 0.3
Total valid votes 31,776 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1988
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Sergio Marchi 19,936 59.6 +15.0
Progressive Conservative Elizabeth Smith 6,368 19.1 -11.8
New Democratic Alice Lambrinos 6,088 18.2 -3.8
Libertarian Roma Kelembet 498 1.5 +0.7
Independent Sherland R. Chhangur 270 0.8
Independent Gary Robert Walsh 145 0.4
Communist Jack C. Sweet 119 0.4 0.0
Total valid votes 33,424 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1984
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Sergio Marchi 17,629 44.6 -12.2
Progressive Conservative Frank Di Giorgio 12,218 30.9 +12.0
New Democratic Bruno Pasquantonio 8,718 22.0 -1.5
Libertarian Dusan Kubias 335 0.8 +0.3
Independent Anna Esposito 279 0.7
Green Jutta I. Keylwerth 238 0.6
Communist Jack C. Sweet 147 0.4 +0.3
Total valid votes 39,564 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1980
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal James Fleming 21,385 56.8 +9.7
New Democratic Elio Costa 8,884 23.6 -3.4
Progressive Conservative Don Cleveland 7,101 18.8 -6.0
Libertarian Scott Hughes 194 0.5 -0.1
Communist Nan McDonald 85 0.2 -0.2
Marxist–Leninist Dagmar M. Rappold 29 0.1 -0.1
Total valid votes 37,678 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1979
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal James Fleming 18,410 47.0 -5.9
Progressive Conservative Robert Michener 10,572 27.0 +1.1
New Democratic Elio Costa 9,712 24.8 +5.7
Libertarian Dan A. Kornitzer 246 0.6
Communist Gordon Flowers 151 0.4 +0.1
Marxist–Leninist Dagmar M. Rappold 54 0.1 0.0
Total valid votes 39,145 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1974
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal James Fleming 28,075 52.9 +13.4
Progressive Conservative John Hanna 13,734 25.9 -0.7
New Democratic Freda Hawkins 10,139 19.1 -13.9
Independent Jim Laxer1 674 1.3
Independent Thomas Frazer 215 0.4
Communist George Harris 134 0.3
Marxist–Leninist Christine A. Nugent 71 0.1
Total valid votes 53,042 100.0

1 Movement for an Independent Socialist Canada

Canadian federal election, 1972
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal James Fleming 22,270 39.5 -5.3
New Democratic Val Scott 18,639 33.1 -2.5
Progressive Conservative Clem Nusca 14,997 26.6 +8.3
Social Credit David Horwood 237 0.4
Independent John Bizzell 167 0.3
Independent Sean Daly 84 0.1
Total valid votes 56,394 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1968
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Philip G. Givens 20,416 44.8 -2.9
New Democratic Val Scott 16,204 35.6 +12.7
Progressive Conservative Wes Boddington 8,344 18.3 -11.2
Independent Norman Gunn 442 1.0
Communist William Kashtan 155 0.3
Total valid votes 45,561 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1965
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Robert H. Winters 43,807 47.7 -3.7
Progressive Conservative George Hogan 27,071 29.5 -0.9
New Democratic Martha Brewin 20,993 22.9 +5.5
Total valid votes 91,871 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1963
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Red Kelly 41,480 51.4 +9.1
Progressive Conservative Alan Eagleson 24,479 30.3 -6.9
New Democratic David Middleton 14,003 17.4 -1.4
Social Credit David R. Milne 697 0.9 -0.7
Total valid votes 80,659 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1962
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal Red Kelly 32,362 42.4 +15.0
Progressive Conservative John B. Hamilton 28,467 37.3 -22.8
New Democratic David Middleton 14,356 18.8 +7.4
Social Credit David R. Milne 1,205 1.6 +0.5
Total valid votes 76,390 100.0

Note: NDP vote is compared to CCF vote in 1958 election.

Canadian federal election, 1958
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative John B. Hamilton 34,208 60.1 +4.6
Liberal Jack Bell 15,589 27.4 -0.7
Co-operative Commonwealth Rose Sark 6,502 11.4 -2.1
Social Credit David R. Milne 612 1.1 -1.7
Total valid votes 56,911 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1957
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative John B. Hamilton 27,035 55.5 +10.2
Liberal Jack Bell 13,665 28.1 -8.1
Co-operative Commonwealth Rose Sark 6,600 13.6 -3.9
Social Credit Frank V. Russell 1,368 2.8
Total valid votes 48,668 100.0
By-election on September 8, 1954
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Progressive Conservative John B. Hamilton 12,228 45.3 +3.8
Liberal Robert M. Campbell 9,768 36.2 +1.4
Co-operative Commonwealth Bruce William Evans 4,711 17.5 -4.8
Labor–Progressive Leslie Tom Morris 282 1.0 -0.4
Total valid votes 26,989 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1953
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Rodney Adamson 12,228 41.5 +3.4
Liberal Robert M. Campbell 10,262 34.8 -2.3
Co-operative Commonwealth Charles Hibbert Millard 6,569 22.3 -2.5
Labor–Progressive Harry Hunter 417 1.4
Total valid votes 29,476 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1949
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Rodney Adamson 19,184 38.1 -3.1
Liberal Kenneth Thompson 18,689 37.1 +0.9
Co-operative Commonwealth Murray S. Kernighan 12,498 24.8 +4.7
Total valid votes 50,371 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1945
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Progressive Conservative Rodney Adamson 14,703 41.2 -3.4
Liberal Chris. J. Bennett 12,947 36.2 -6.0
Co-operative Commonwealth Murray S. Kernighan 7,183 20.1 +6.9
Labor–Progressive Alexander Whyte Welch 886 2.5 -97.5
Total valid votes 35,719 100.0

Note: Progressive Conservative vote is compared to "National Government" vote in 1940 election.

Canadian federal election, 1940
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Rodney Adamson 12,788 44.6 +12.9
Liberal Chris. J. Bennett 12,117 42.2 +10.3
Co-operative Commonwealth David Lewis 3,787 13.2 -6.4
Total valid votes 28,692 100.0

Note: "National Government" vote is compared to Conservative vote in 1935 election.

Canadian federal election, 1935
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal J.E.L. Streight 8,198 31.9 -3.4
Conservative Peter Laurie Brown 8,138 31.7 -33.0
Co-operative Commonwealth Frederick Merriott Fish 5,049 19.6
Reconstruction Harry Herbert Hallatt 4,319 16.8
Total valid votes 25,704 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1930
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative James Earl Lawson 20,843 64.7 -13.2
Liberal William Arthur Edwards 11,368 35.3 +13.2
Total valid votes 32,211 100.0

Note: popular vote compared to vote in 1926 election.

By-election on October 29, 1928
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative James Earl Lawson Acc.
Canadian federal election, 1926
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Henry Lumley Drayton 16,479 77.9 +2.1
Liberal Alfred Taylour Hunter 4,681 22.1 -2.1
Total valid votes 21,160 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1925
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Henry Lumley Drayton 23,637 75.8 +30.6
Liberal Alexander MacGregor 7,536 24.2 -16.7
Total valid votes 31,173 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1921
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Henry Lumley Drayton 8,850 45.3 -35.4
Liberal J.E.L. Streight 7,989 40.9 +21.6
Progressive James Alexander Cameron 2,710 13.9
Total valid votes 19,549 100.0

Note: Conservative vote is compared to Government vote in 1917 election, and Liberal vote is compared to Opposition vote.

Canadian federal election, 1917
Party Candidate Votes %
Government (Unionist) Thomas George Wallace 11,930 80.7
Opposition (Laurier Liberals) Frank Denton 2,856 19.3
Total valid votes 14,786 100.0

1867 - 1904[edit]

By-election on January 15, 1902
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Archibald Campbell 4,348 50.6 +5.0
Conservative T.F. Wallace 4,237 49.4 -5.0
Total valid votes 8,585 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1900
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Nathaniel Clarke Wallace 5,126 54.3 -31.5
Liberal Archibald Campbell 4,306 45.7
Total valid votes 9,432 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1896
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Nathaniel Clarke Wallace 5,018 74.8 +18.2
Patrons of Industry John Brown 950 14.2
Conservative James Platt 745 11.1
Total valid votes 6,713 100.0

Note: popular vote compared to vote in 1891 general election.

By-election on December 21, 1892
Party Candidate Votes
Conservative Nathaniel Clarke Wallace Acclaimed

Resigned to accept appointment as Controller of Customs but re-offered

Canadian federal election, 1891
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Nathaniel Clarke Wallace 3,434 56.6 +1.1
Liberal W.H.P. Clement 2,628 43.4 -1.1
Total valid votes 6,062 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1887
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Nathaniel Clarke Wallace 2,638 55.6 +1.5
Liberal Adam Maconchy Lynd 2,110 44.4
Total valid votes 4,748 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1882
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Nathaniel Clarke Wallace 1,561 54.1 0.0
Independent Thos. Hodgins 1,324 45.9
Total valid votes 2,885 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1878
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Conservative Nathaniel Clarke Wallace 1,326 54.1 +22.4
Liberal David Blain 1,124 45.9 -22.4
Total valid votes 2,450 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1874
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal David Blain 983 68.3 +12.2
Conservative N. Wallace 456 31.7
Total valid votes 1,439 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1872
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
Liberal David Blain 973 56.1 -16.3
Unknown W. Tyrrell 760 43.9
Total valid votes 1,733 100.0
By-election on August 14, 1868
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Amos Wright 654 72.4
Unknown John Bell 249 27.6
Total valid votes 903 100.0
Canadian federal election, 1867
Party Candidate Votes %
Liberal–Conservative William Pierce Howland 810 73.2
Unknown Mr. Hubertus 297 26.8
Unknown David Blain 0 0.0
Total valid votes 1,107 100.0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°45′25″N 79°31′36″W / 43.7569°N 79.5267°W / 43.7569; -79.5267