York railway station
- This article is about a railway station in England. For the similarly named subway station in Brooklyn, New York City, see York Street (IND Sixth Avenue Line).
||This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2012)|
|Local authority||City of York|
|Managed by||East Coast|
|Owned by||Network Rail|
|Number of platforms||11|
|Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
|Annual rail passenger usage*|
|National Rail – UK railway stations|
|A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z|
|* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at York from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.|
|UK Railways portal|
York railway station is a main-line railway station in the city of York, England. It lies on the East Coast Main Line (ECML) 188.5 miles (303 km) north of London's King's Cross station towards Edinburgh's Waverley Station. Originally it was part of the North Eastern Railway.
York is one of the most important railway junction stations on the British railway network, approximately halfway between Edinburgh to London Kings Cross. It is also a few miles north of the point where the Cross Country and Trans-Pennine routes via Leeds leave the ECML. The junction was historically a major site for rolling stock manufacture, maintenance and repair.
The first York railway station was a temporary wooden building on Queen Street outside the walls of the city, opened in 1839 by the York and North Midland Railway. It was succeeded in 1841, inside the walls, by what is now York old railway station. In due course, the irksome requirement that through trains between London and Newcastle needed to reverse out of the old York station in order to continue their journey necessitated the construction of a new through station outside the walls. This was the present station, designed by the North Eastern Railway architects Thomas Prosser and William Peachey, which opened in 1877. It had 13 platforms and was at that time the largest station in the world. As part of the new station project, the Royal Station Hotel (now The Royal York Hotel), designed by Peachey, opened in 1878.
In 1909 new platforms were added, and in 1938 the current footbridge was built and the station resignalled.
The building was heavily bombed during the Second World War. On one occasion, on 29 April 1942, 800 passengers had to be evacuated from a Kings Cross-Edinburgh train which arrived during a bombing raid. On the same night, two railway workers were killed, one being station foreman William Milner (born 1900), who died after returning to his burning office to collect his first aid kit. He was posthumously awarded the King's commendation for gallantry. A plaque in his memory has been erected at the station. The station was extensively repaired in 1947.
The track layout through and around the station was remodelled again in 1988 as part of the resignalling scheme that was carried out prior to the electrification of the ECML shortly afterwards. This resulted in several bay platforms (mainly on the eastern side) being taken out of service and the track to them removed. At the same time a new signalling centre (York IECC) was commissioned on the western side of the station to control the new layout and also take over the function of several other signal boxes on the main line. The IECC here now supervises the main line from Temple Hirst (near Doncaster) through to Northallerton, along with sections of the various routes branching from it. It has also (since 2001–2) taken over responsibility for the control area of the former power box at Leeds and thus signals trains as far away as Gargrave and Morley.
In 2006–7, in order to improve facilities for bus, taxi and car users as well as pedestrians and cyclists, the approaches to the station were reorganised. The former motive power depot and goods station now house the National Railway Museum.
All the platforms except 9, 10 and 11 are under the large, curved, glass and iron roof. They are accessed via a long footbridge (which also connects to the National Railway Museum) or via lifts and either of two pedestrian tunnels.
Major renovation 
The station was renovated in 2009. Platform 9 has been reconstructed and extensive lighting alterations were put in place. New automated ticket gates (similar to those in Leeds) were planned, but the City of York Council wished to avoid spoiling the historic nature of the station. The then operator National Express East Coast planned to appeal the decision but the plans were scrapped altogether upon handover to East Coast.
Recent developments 
The southern side of the station has been given new track and signalling systems. An additional line and new junction was completed in early 2011. This work has helped take away one of the bottlenecks on the East Coast Main Line.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (April 2012)|
The platforms at York have been renumbered several times, the current use is:
- Platform 1: South-facing bay platform mostly used for services to Hull and for stabling empty stock.
- Platform 2: North-facing bay platform connected only to the Scarborough branch, used mostly for stabling a spare TPX unit (along with the accompanying station siding).
- Platform 3: Main southbound platform (but is signalled bi-directionally), accessible directly from the station concourse. Fast southbound East Coast use this and generally call at London Kings cross only with some additionally stopping at Peterborough.CrossCountry services and some Westbound First Trans-Pennine Express services use this.
- Platform 4: Northward continuation of platform 3 connected only to the Scarborough branch, used by most First Trans-Pennine Express services from Scarborough.
- Platform 5: Main northbound platform (but is signalled bi-directionally), accessible by footbridge or tunnel. Most northbound East Coast or CrossCountry services, some North/Eastbound First Trans-Pennine Express services use this and Summer Saturday only East Midlands Trains services to Scarborough. Southbound Semi Fast East Coast services stop here which generally call at Doncaster, Newark North Gate, Peterborough and London Kings Cross.
- Platform 6: South-facing bay platform used mostly by Northern Rail commuter services, East Coast services to King's Cross station and on non summer Saturdays by East Midlands Trains services to London St. Pancras.
- Platform 7: South-facing bay platform used mostly by Northern Rail commuter services, East Coast services to King's Cross station and on non summer Saturdays by East Midlands Trains services to London St. Pancras.
- Platform 8: North-facing bay platform used almost exclusively by Northern Rail trains on the Harrogate Line.
- Platforms 9, 10, 11: Bidirectional platforms used by East Coast, Cross-Country, First TransPennine Express services and sometimes Northern Rail heading for Blackpool North.
Platforms 10 and 11 exist outside the main body of the station. Another siding (the former fruit dock) exists opposite Platform 11.
East Coast provide the majority of services to London as well as many services northbound to Newcastle, Glasgow and Edinburgh:
- northbound to Darlington, Durham, Newcastle upon Tyne, Edinburgh and Glasgow, Aberdeen, Inverness and other stations on the ECML
- Doncaster, Retford, Grantham, Newark, Peterborough, Stevenage, London and other stations on the ECML
- nortbound to Darlington, Durham, Newcastle upon Tyne, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Dundee and Aberdeen
- southbound to Leeds, Doncaster, Sheffield, Derby, Birmingham, Bristol, Exeter, Plymouth, Reading and Southampton
East Midlands Trains provide one weekend return journey between York and London St Pancras via the Midland Mainline, as well as one summertime Saturday journey to/from Scarborough:
- northbound to Scarborough during summer months
- southbound to Sheffield, Leicester, Kettering, Bedford, Luton and St Pancras along the Midland Main Line
First TPE provides a number of express services across the north of England:
- westbound to Leeds, Huddersfield, Manchester Piccadilly, Manchester Airport and Liverpool
- northbound to Middlesbrough, Darlington, Durham and Newcastle
- eastbound to Hull on the Hull to York Line, Selby and Scarborough on the North TransPennine Line.
- northbound to Thirsk, Northallerton, Eaglescliffe, Hartlepool and Sunderland
- southbound to London Kings Cross on the ECML
Locomotives used: Inter-City 125
Northern Rail provide a number of commuter services to:
- Knaresborough, Harrogate and Leeds on the Harrogate Line
- Leeds, Bradford, Halifax, Hebden Bridge and stations to Preston and Blackpool or Manchester Victoria
- Selby and Hull on the Hull to York Line
- Limited service to Pontefract and Sheffield on the Dearne Valley Line.
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|East Midlands Trains
St Pancras-York (Winter only)
St Pancras-Scarborough (Summer only)
|First TransPennine Express|
|London King's Cross||Grand Central
London to York
London to Newcastle
|London Kings Cross||East Coast
London to Edinburgh and beyond
York to Scarborough Line
Station closed; Line open
York to Beverley Line
- "Yorkshire". How We Won the War. Series 1. Episode 4. 27 September 2012. BBC. http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01n3l6p. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
- Plaque #10489 on Open Plaques, Retrieved 2012-10-06.
- "York Station Plan". National Rail. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "East Coast: Press Release". East Coast. 13 November 2009.[dead link]
- "Network Rail: Press Release". Network Rail. 3 January 2012.
- "Travel Information - Timetable Download Information". East Coast. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "Train Timetables". CrossCountry Trains. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "Train Timetables". East Midlands Trains. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "Our Timetables". First TransPennine Express. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "Sunderland timetable". Grand Central. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "Travel Tools - Timetables - York". Northern Rail. Retrieved 23 August 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: York railway station|
- Details from listed building database (464767) . Images of England. English Heritage.
- Images of England details of Old Station
- Train times and station information for York railway station from National Rail
- The Railway Revolution - on 'History of York' website
- History of York Station - Page dedicated to the history, layout and platforms at York Station.