Yorkshire Ambulance Service
The Yorkshire Ambulance Service (YAS) is the NHS ambulance service covering most of Yorkshire in England. It covers the whole of the East Riding of Yorkshire (including Kingston upon Hull), South Yorkshire and West Yorkshire along with the majority of the ceremonial county of North Yorkshire (including the City of York). Excluded are Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland and the southern part of Stockton-on-Tees which are all covered by the North East Ambulance Service.
It is one of 12 Ambulance Trusts providing England with emergency medical services, and is part of the National Health Service, receiving direct government funding for its role. There is no charge to patients for use of the service, and under the Patient's Charter, every person in the United Kingdom has the right to the attendance of an ambulance in an emergency.
Responses are controlled from two communication centres - one of which is located at the Service's headquarters at Wakefield 41 Business Park, located at the M1 motorway junction 41, north-west of Wakefield. This control room covers West Yorkshire (the former WYMAS area) and South Yorkshire (the former SYAS area). The other communication centre is in Skelton on the outskirts of York, covering East and North Yorkshire. There used to be a Communication Centre in Rotherham which closed in June 2008. The service's activities are centred around the two core ones of Accident & Emergency (A&E) and Patient Transport Services (PTS).
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Fleet
- 4 Staff roles
- 5 Call for improvement
- 6 Community First Responders Scheme
- 7 Other emergency services
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The area YAS covers includes the cities of Bradford, Hull, Leeds, Ripon, Sheffield, Wakefield and York, and the principal towns of Barnsley, Beverley, Doncaster, Harrogate, Huddersfield, Skipton and Scarborough. The region includes parts of the M1, A1(M), M18, M180, M62, M621 and M606 motorways and the Yorkshire Dales.
Yorkshire Ambulance Service was formed on 1 July 2006 after the merger of the Tees, East and North Yorkshire Ambulance Service (TENYAS), South Yorkshire Ambulance Service (SYAS) and the West Yorkshire Metropolitan Ambulance Service (WYMAS).
West Yorkshire Metropolitan Ambulance Service
WYMAS was formed in 1974 covering the new metropolitan county of West Yorkshire and the Craven district of North Yorkshire. It brought together some of the individual city ambulance services which existed across the area. In 1992, it became an NHS trust, providing 24-hour emergency and healthcare services to more than 2.1 million people across the region. 21 ambulance stations were situated across the WYMAS operating area.
Tees, East and North Yorkshire Ambulance Service
TENYAS was formed on 1 April 1999 as a merger of the former Cleveland, Humberside and North Yorkshire ambulance services. TENYAS served the urban areas of Middlesbrough, York and Hull, and the rural areas of the Yorkshire Dales, Wolds, covering an area of approximately 4,500 square miles (12,000 km2). The trust had 37 ambulance stations.
Ambulances were deployed from the two control rooms which were situated at Middlesbrough and York. The TENYAS area was broken up on 1 July 2006, with the former Cleveland area now covered by the North East Ambulance Service (NEAS). Humberside Ambulance Service had lost the A&E cover contract for the North Lincolnshire and North East Lincolnshire to Lincolnshire Ambulance Service before the existence of TENYAS.
South Yorkshire Ambulance Service
SYAS was formed in 1974 as the South Yorkshire Metropolitan Ambulance Service. On 1 April 1992 it became an NHS Trust. It served over 1.4 million people in an area of over 600 square miles (1,600 km2) and covered the city of Sheffield and the districts of Barnsley, Doncaster and Rotherham.
The Yorkshire Ambulance Service (YAS) operate just over 500 Dual Manned Ambulance (DMAs) which are crewed by two members of staff, these are usually of the Skill set of a Paramedic, Emergency Medical Technician (EMT), Assistant Practitioner (AP) or sometimes an Emergency Care Practitioner (ECP) when completing overtime.
The service also operates over 460 Patient Transport Service (PTS) vehicles with around about 758 PTS staff to work them. 
The Service can deploy 2 MD 902 Explorer Helicopters of the Yorkshire Air Ambulance to emergencies and incidents across the service area, however the Air Ambulance Service is a charity and not part of YAS; Paramedics are provided by the Ambulance Service and work on a rota between them, sometimes Doctors who are voluntary members of the BASICS (British Association for Immediate Care) fly with the helimed team to offer additional medical skills.
Yorkshire Ambulance Service is a large organisation that have various roles to enable the service to operate, here are a few that are directly involved in the front line of the service 
- Community First Responder
- EOC Call Handler
- EOC Call Dispatcher
- Clinical Advisor
- Emergency care assistant (ECA)
- Assistant Practitioner (AP)
- Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)
- Advanced Emergency Medical Technician (aEMT)
- Emergency Care Practitioners (ECPs)
- Paramedics aboard a Yorkshire Air Ambulance
- BASICS Doctors
Call for improvement
On 26 March 2010 the Care Quality Commission announced that the Yorkshire Ambulance Service was consistently failing to meet national response time targets.
On 23 June 2010, the BBC announced that Yorkshire Ambulance Service call response was 'England's Worst'. The Service was given until 31 October 2010 to meet targets adequately, which it stated it was doing, however, it was once again awarded "England's Worst" status in June 2011.
The current Chief Executive, David Whiting, joined the service on 1 February 2011. He is the third Chief Executive for the Trust in five years. He was previously Chief Executive of Great Western Ambulance Service between April 2009 and January 2011 and left that service as Unison balloted its members for strike action following changes to terms and conditions for staff - most notably pay and rota arrangements. David is a qualified paramedic and started his career as a cadet with South Yorkshire Ambulance 28 years ago.
The former Chief Executives were Jayne Barnes OBE (1 July 2006-14 January 2008) and Martyn Pritchard (15 January 2008-June 2010. Jayne emigrated to Australia to take up the post of Assistant Commissioner of Queensland Ambulance Service (South East region), and Martyn went to work at the Strategic Health Authority.
On 27 July 2010 David Forster, policy and strategy Director, was dismissed for saying on Facebook that: "The NHS has no shame in employing too many who are lazy, unproductive, obstinate, militant, aggressive at every turn and who couldn't secure a job anywhere outside the bloated public sector where mediocrity is shielded by weak and unprincipled HR policies."
Community First Responders Scheme
University First Responders
Students from the Hull York Medical School (HYMS) and Community First Responders (CFR) from across Yorkshire received training from Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS Trust at Hull Royal Infirmary, there are currently 63 Medical Students trained as Community First Responders in Hull and York who will respond to emergency 999 calls alongside the ambulance service within their community.
Other emergency services
Other medical services
- Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom
- Air ambulances in the United Kingdom
- Yorkshire Air Ambulance
- St John Ambulance
- British Red Cross
- Humberside Police
- South Yorkshire Police
- West Yorkshire Police
- North Yorkshire Police
- British Transport Police
- Humberside Fire and Rescue Service
- South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service
- West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service
- North Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service
- "Yorkshire Ambulance Service Facts and Figures". 1 May 2012.
- "YAS Ambulance Response". 6 April 2013.
- "Yorkshire ambulance response times 'must improve'". BBC News Online (BBC). 26 March 2010. Retrieved 11 April 2010.
- "Yorkshire ambulance call response 'England's worst'". BBC News Online (BBC). 23 June 2010. Retrieved 3 September 2010.
- "West Midlands Ambulance response times 'second worst'". BBC News Online (BBC). 10 June 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2011.
- "Great Western Ambulance staff in strike ballot". BBC News. 14 December 2010.
- "Yorkshire Ambulance Service distances itself from comments". Retrieved 26 March 2011.
- "HYMS Medical Students train with YAS to be CRFs". 1 May 2012. Retrieved 1 May 2012.