Yorkshire Mounted Brigade

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Yorkshire Mounted Brigade
Active 1908–1915
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Yeomanry
Size Brigade
HQ (peacetime) York
Engagements World War I

The Yorkshire Mounted Brigade was a formation of the Territorial Force of the British Army, organised in 1908. By 1915 its regiments had been posted away so it was broken up. It never saw active service.

Formation[edit]

Yorkshire Mounted Brigade
Organisation on 4 August 1914

Under the terms of the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 (7 Edw.7, c.9), the brigade was formed in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force. It consisted of three yeomanry regiments, a horse artillery battery and ammunition column, a transport and supply column and a field ambulance.[1] The Northumberland Hussars were attached for training in peacetime.[2]

As the name suggests, the units were drawn from Yorkshire.[3]

World War I[edit]

The brigade was embodied on 4 August 1914 and apparently remained in Yorkshire.[4] The regiments left the brigade for other formations in 1915 and it ceased to exist.[2]

Regimental HQ and A Squadron joined 50th (Northumbrian) Division in Northumberland on 4 April. Landed at Le Havre on 18 April 1915
B Squadron joined 46th (North Midland) Division in Luton area. Landed at Le Havre on 28 February 1915
C Squadron joined 49th (West Riding) Division in Yorkshire. Landed at Le Havre on 16 April 1915
D Squadron was dissolved and men dispersed to other squadrons
In May 1916, the regiment reformed and became XVII Corps Cavalry Regiment. In August 1917 it was converted to infantry and absorbed into the 9th (Yorkshire Hussars Yeomanry) Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment.[6]
Regimental HQ and B Squadron joined 37th Division on Salisbury Plain by June 1915. Landed at Le Havre on 1 August 1915
A Squadron joined 17th (Northern) Division in Winchester area in June 1915. Landed at Le Havre on 16 July 1915
C Squadron joined 19th (Western) Division at Bulford on 26 June 1915. Landed at Le Havre on 20 July 1915
D Squadron was dissolved and men dispersed to other squadrons
In May 1916, the regiment reformed and became II Corps Cavalry Regiment. In October 1917 it became part of the Cavalry Corps Troops, before joining the 8th (Lucknow) Cavalry Brigade in 4th Cavalry Division in December. In February 1918, the division broken up so the regiment was dismounted and converted to a cyclist battalion, re-joining II Corps on 16 March 1918.[7]

By 1915, with its regiments having been posted away, the brigade was dissolved.[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A Subsection consisted of a single gun and limber drawn by six horses (with three drivers), eight gunners (riding on the limber or mounted on their own horses), and an ammunition wagon also drawn by six horses (with three drivers).[12] Two Subsections formed a Section and in a six gun battery these would be designated as Left, Centre and Right Sections.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Westlake 1992, p. 14
  2. ^ a b c James 1978, p. 36
  3. ^ Conrad, Mark (1996). "The British Army, 1914". Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Rinaldi 2008, p. 60
  5. ^ a b James 1978, p. 31
  6. ^ Baker, Chris. "The Yorkshire Hussars". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Baker, Chris. "The Yorkshire Dragoons". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  8. ^ Baker, Chris. "The East Riding of Yorkshire Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  9. ^ James 1978, p. 25
  10. ^ Baker, Chris. "The Northumberland Yeomanry". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  11. ^ Becke 1936, p. 114
  12. ^ Clarke 1993, p. 43
  13. ^ Clarke 1993, p. 45
  14. ^ Becke 1936, p. 113

Bibliography[edit]

  • Becke, Major A.F. (1936). Order of Battle of Divisions Part 2A. The Territorial Force Mounted Divisions and the 1st-Line Territorial Force Divisions (42–56). London: His Majesty's Stationery Office. ISBN 1-871167-12-4. 
  • Clarke, W.G. (1993). Horse Gunners: The Royal Horse Artillery, 200 Years of Panache and Professionalism. Woolwich: The Royal Artillery Institution. ISBN 09520762-0-9. 
  • James, Brigadier E.A. (1978). British Regiments 1914–18. London: Samson Books Limited. ISBN 0-906304-03-2. 
  • Rinaldi, Richard A (2008). Order of Battle of the British Army 1914. Ravi Rikhye. ISBN 978-0-97760728-0. 
  • Westlake, Ray (1992). British Territorial Units 1914-18. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85532-168-7.