Yorkton

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Yorkton
City
Downtown on Broadway Street
Downtown on Broadway Street
Flag of Yorkton
Flag
Motto: "Where Good Things Happen"
Yorkton is located in Saskatchewan
Yorkton
Yorkton
Coordinates: 51°12′50″N 102°27′46″W / 51.21389°N 102.46278°W / 51.21389; -102.46278
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
Incorporated Village July 15, 1894
Incorporated Town 1900
Incorporated City February 1, 1928
Government[1]
 • Type Mayor and Council
 • Mayor Bob Maloney
 • MLA Greg Ottenbreit
 • MP Garry Breitkreuz
Area
 • City 25.77 km2 (9.95 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 500 m (1,600 ft)
Population (2011)[3][4]
 • City 15,669
 • Density 608.1/km2 (1,575/sq mi)
 • Metro 18,238
 • Metro density 21.6/km2 (56/sq mi)
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Standard Time[5] (UTC−6)
Postal code span S3N
Area code(s) 306
Highways Hwy. 16, Hwy. 52, Hwy. 10, Hwy. 9
Post office established January 1, 1884[6]
Website City of Yorkton
[7][8]

Yorkton is a city located in south-eastern Saskatchewan; about 600 km north-west of Winnipeg and 300 km south-east of Saskatoon.

As of 2011 the census population of the city was 15,669. Yorkton has had a growth rate of 4.2% since 2006.[3]

Yorkton was founded in 1882 and incorporated as a city in 1928. The city is bordered by the RM of Orkney No. 244 to the west and the RM of Wallace No. 243 on the east.

History[edit]

In 1882 a group of businessmen and investors formed the York Farmers Colonization Company. Authorized to issue up to $300,000 in debentures and lenient government credit terms on land purchases encouraged company representatives to visit the District of Assiniboia of the North-West Territories with the intent to view some crown land available near the Manitoba border.

They were impressed with what they saw and the group purchased portions of 6 townships near the Little Whitesand River (now Yorkton Creek) for the purpose of settlement and to establish a centre for trade there.[9] This centre would become known as York Colony.[10]

The Company founded the settlers' colony on the banks of the Little Whitesand River where lots were given freely to settlers who purchased land from them. The colony remained at its site until 1889. It was originally located at PT SE 1/4 13-26-4 W2M.[11]

In 1889 the rail line was extended to the Yorkton area. It was at this time the colony townsite relocated alongside the new rail line.[12]

Geography[edit]

Yorkton is located in the aspen parkland ecosystem.[13] The terrain is mainly one of agriculture and there is no forestry industry.[14] It is also in an area of black calcareous chernozemic soils.[13][14] The Yorkton area was located on the edge of an area of a maximum glacial lake.[14] The quaternary geology has left the area as a moraine plain consisting of glacial deposits.[13] The bedrock geology is the pembina member of Vermillion River Formation and Riding Mountain Formation. Yorkton is located in the physiographic region of the Quill Lake-Yorkton Plain region of the Saskatchewan Plains Region.[14]

Climate[edit]

Yorkton has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb), with extreme seasonal temperatures. It has warm summers and cold winters, with the average daily temperatures ranging from −17.9 °C (−0.2 °F) in January to 17.8 °C (64.0 °F) in July.

Extreme Weather Events[edit]

On the evening of July 1, 2010, Yorkton received a severe thunderstorm warning. Soon after, Yorkton was having pea sized hail, strong winds, lightning and heavy rain. The rain created a flash flood. Broadway Street got the worst of the flood, local fast food restaurants were damaged, with one being completely destroyed.[16] The City of Yorkton declared a State of Emergency and the Canadian Red Cross helped out with the victims of the flood.[17]

On the weekend of June 29, 2014, Yorkton declared a State of Emergency after rain caused flash floods in south eastern Saskatchewan.[18]

Demographics[edit]

Historically the first settlers to the area at the Yorkton colony were English from Eastern Ontario and Great Britain. 6 miles (9.7 km) west were Scottish settlers at the settlement of Orkney.[19] A significant number of residents are also descended from immigrants from Ukraine who came in the early 20th century.

Major ethnic groups, 2011
Ethnic group[20] Population Percent
Ukrainian 5,615 36.7%
English 3,515 23%
German 3,450 22.6%
Scottish 2,610 17.1%
Polish 1,865 12.2%
First Nations/Métis 1,815 11.9%
Irish 1,760 11.5%
French 1,130 7.4%
Scandinavian 1,100 7.2%
Total respondent population 15280 100%

The city of Yorkton, the Rural Municipality of Orkney No. 244, the town of Springside and the village of Ebenezer form the census agglomeration (CA) of Yorkton, Saskatchewan with a combined 2011 population of 18,238 on a land area of 843.37 square kilometres.[4]

Historical population of Yorkton
(Source: [24])
Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2006 2011
Population 700 2,309 5,151 5,027 5,586 7,074 9,995 13,430 15,339 15,315 15,107 15,038 15,669

Attractions[edit]

Yorkton Mural
Hudson's Bay Company Store
Yorkton Court House
Yorkton Armoury

The Yorkton Gallagher Centre is an entertainment complex constructed in 1977 by the civic government and the Yorkton Exhibition Association. The centre includes an arena, curling rink, conference rooms and an indoor swimming pool.[25] Up until 2005, the facility was called the Parkland Agriplex. In the early 1900s an older Agriplex building was located on the fair grounds adjacent to the Gallagher Centre.[26]

Yorkton is home to a branch of the Saskatchewan Western Development Museum, which houses a number of exhibits depicting pioneer life in the town and on the surrounding prairie. The museum includes an early pioneer log home and an extensive outdoor exhibit of agricultural machinery, including early tractors and steam engines.[19]

Located on several buildings in downtown Yorkton are murals depicting historic personalities.

Historic sites[edit]

A number of heritage buildings are located within the city. Yorkton Tower Theatre is a single screen movie theatre built in the 1950s.[27] Army Navy and Air Force Veterans Building, Dulmage Homestead, Hudson's Bay Company Store, St. Paul's Lutheran Church, Yorkton Armoury, Yorkton Court House, 29 Myrtle Avenue, 81 Second Avenue North, Old Land Titles Building[28] and Yorkton Organic Milling Ltd are also listed historic places.

Film Festivals[edit]

Main article: Yorkton Film Festival

Film Festivals have been an enduring part of life in Yorkton since the projector spun to life in October 1950. At that time the Yorkton International Documentary Film Festival was born. The international component was dropped in 1977, deciding to focus on Canadian short film instead. The festival renamed itself the Yorkton Short Film Festival also in 1977. In 2009 it became the Yorkton Film Festival.[29]

Sports teams[edit]

The Yorkton Terriers are a team in the Saskatchewan Junior Hockey League. The Yorkton Rawtec Maulers are a Midget AAA ice hockey team and they are a member of the SMAAAHL. The teams play their games in the 2,300 seat Farrell Agencies Arena in the Yorkton Gallagher Centre[30] [31]

Yorkton Cardinals are a baseball team playing in the Western Major Baseball League.[32]

The Yorkton Bulldogs are a box lacrosse team formed in 2003. They are a member of the Prairie Gold Lacrosse League.[33]

Government[edit]

Municipal[edit]

The mayor is Bob Maloney. He is serving with councillors Larry Pearen, Chris Wyatt, Randy Goulden, Les Arenelien, James Wilson, and Ross Fisher.[34]

Provincial[edit]

The city is located in the Provincial Electoral District of Yorkton.[35] This riding is served in the Legislative Assembly of Saskatchewan by Saskatchewan Party MLA Greg Ottenbreit.[36]

Federal[edit]

The federal constituency of Yorkton—Melville[37] is represented in the House of Commons of Canada by Garry Breitkreuz of the Conservative Party of Canada.[38]

From 1968 to 1993, Yorkton was represented federally by NDP MP Lorne Nystrom who at his first election win was the youngest person to be elected to Canadian parliament.

Infrastructure[edit]

Health Care[edit]

Yorkton established its first hospital in 1902, and this was followed by a maternity care home which lasted a couple of decades.[13] The hospital is now a residential apartment. The current hospital, the Yorkton Regional Health Centre, is located on Bradbrooke Drive and is part of the Sunrise Health Region.[39]

Transportation[edit]

On the Yellowhead Highway near Yorkton

Air[edit]

During the Second World War an airport was built 2.8 nautical miles (5.2 km; 3.2 mi) north of Yorkton for the RCAF's No. 11 Service Flying Training School. It is now operated as the Yorkton Municipal Airport (IATA: YQVICAO: CYQV).[40][41]

Roads[edit]

Yorkton is strategically located on a network of highways; The Yellowhead, Trans Canada Highway Hwy 52, Hwy 10, and Hwy 9.[42]

Rail[edit]

Yorkton is serviced by Canadian National Railway branch line track and Canadian Pacific Railway mainline track.

Education[edit]

Tertiary institutions[edit]

High schools[edit]

Sacred Heart High School was founded by the Sisters Servants of Mary Immaculate, and the school celebrated its 75th Anniversary in 1991.[43] Dream Builders is an alternative education program offering grades 6 through 12 with a work experience component.[43] Yorkton Regional High School opened November 10, 1967 offering grades 9 to 12.[44]

Elementary schools[edit]

There are four separate Catholic elementary schools. St. Alphonsus Elementary School provides Kindergarten through Grade 8.[43] St. Mary's Elementary School offers pre-kindergarten classes to grade 8.[43] St. Michael's Elementary School offers both English and French immersion from Kindergarten to grade 8.[43] St. Paul's Elementary School also belongs to the Christ the Teacher Catholic School Division, and provides Kindergarten to Grade 8 classes.[43]

The public elementary schools are also four in total. Columbia Elementary School has an approximate enrolment of 340 students and offers pre-Kindergarten to Grade 8.[45] Dr. Brass Elementary School is named after the dentist, Dr. David James Brass and offers pre-Kindergarten to Grade 8.[46] M.C. Knoll Elementary School opened in August 1998, and is named after Milton Clifford Knoll.[47] Yorkdale Central School is also a part of Good Spirit School Division No. 204 and offers Kindergarten to Grade 8.[48][49]

Military[edit]

The 64th (Yorkton) Field Battery, Royal Canadian Artillery is garrisoned at the Yorkton Armouries.[50][51]

During World War II the Yorkton airport was home to No. 23 Elementary Flying Training School and No. 11 Service Flying Training School - both schools being a part of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. Among the present users is a Gliding Centre, operated for the Royal Canadian Air Cadets.

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Weeklies
  • The Yorkton News Review [52]
  • Yorkton This Week [53]

Radio[edit]

Frequency Call sign Branding Format Owner Notes
AM 940 CJGX GX94 country music Harvard Broadcasting
FM 91.7 CBK-FM3 CBC Radio 2 public broadcasting Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Rebroadcaster for CBK-FM
FM 92.9 CJLR-FM-5 MBC Radio First Nations community radio Missinipi Broadcasting Corporation Rebroadcaster for CJLR-FM
FM 94.1 CFGW-FM Fox FM hot adult contemporary Harvard Broadcasting
FM 98.5 CJJC-FM 98.5 The Rock Christian music Dennis M. Dyck

[54]

Cable TV[edit]

Cable television services are supplied by Access Communications. Access is a Saskatchewan owned not for profit cooperative established in 1974. They also supply competitive home phone and internet service to the community.[55]

Defunct Broadcasters[edit]

The city was served by CKOS-TV channel 5; a private CBC Television outlet and *CICC-TV channel 10; a private CTV affiliate station.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipal Directory System". Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  2. ^ "Toporama - 062M01 - YORKTON, Saskatchewan". NRC. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  3. ^ a b "Yorkton Saskatchewan (City)". 2011 Community profiles. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census (Census agglomeration of Yorkton, Saskatchewan)". 2011. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  5. ^ "Time zones & daylight saving time". National Research Council Canada. 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  6. ^ "Item 16460 Library and Archives Canada". Library And Archives Canada. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  7. ^ Commissioner of Canada Elections, Chief Electoral Officer of Canada (2005). "Elections Canada On-line". Retrieved 2009-05-08. 
  8. ^ "City of Yorkton - History and Folklore Summary - 1890 to 1899". 1995–2009. Retrieved 2009-05-08. 
  9. ^ Lefebvre Prince, Terri (2012-05-09). "A river ran through it". Yorkton This Week. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  10. ^ "York Farmers’ Colonization Company". Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  11. ^ "York Farmers Colonization Company guide and record". University of Alberta. 2012-05-09. Retrieved 2014-07-15. 
  12. ^ "Tourism Yorkton History". Tourism Yorkton. Retrieved 2014-07-19. 
  13. ^ a b c d Thorpe, J. (1999). "Natural Vegetation". In Kai-iu Fung, Bill Barry, Wilson, Michael. Atlas of Saskatchewan Celebrating the Millennium (Millennium ed.) (Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan). pp. 130–131, 84–85, 63, 56. ISBN 0-88880-387-7. 
  14. ^ a b c d Coupland, R.T. (1969). "Natural Vegetation of Saskatchewan". In J.H. Richards, K.I. Fung. Atlas of Saskatchewan. J.S. Rowe. Saskatoon, SK, CA: University of Saskatchewan. pp. 51, 76–77, 70–71. 
  15. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals (1981-2010)". Environment Canada. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Flood emergency declared in Yorkton, Sask.". CBC. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  17. ^ "Flooding prompts evacuations in Yorkton, Sask". CTV NEWS. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  18. ^ "Monsoon déjà vu". Yorkton This Week. July 2, 2014. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  19. ^ a b "Tourism - Yorkton". Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  20. ^ "NHS Profile, Yorkton, CY, Saskatchewan, 2011 (The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.)". 2011. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  21. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-11-24. 
  22. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  23. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  24. ^ "Population of the Prairie Provinces, 1901,1906,1911 and 1916 (Yorkton p.98)". 2011. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  25. ^ "The Yorkton Gallagher Centre". Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  26. ^ "The Yorkton Exhibition Association (History)". Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  27. ^ "Tower Theatre". Cinema Treasures. 2000–2008. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  28. ^ "Old Land Titles Building". Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  29. ^ "Golden Sheaf Awards". Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  30. ^ "Yorkton Terriers". 2009. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  31. ^ "Yorkton Harvest". 2014. Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  32. ^ "Yorkton Cardinals". 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  33. ^ "Yorkton Bulldogs". Versus Technologies Inc. 2005–2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  34. ^ "Saskatchewan Municipal Directory System". Saskatchewan Municipal Affairs. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  35. ^ "Directory of Communities by Saskatchewan Electoral District". Elections Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  36. ^ "Greg Ottenbreit MLA website". Greg Ottenbreit MLA. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  37. ^ "Canada's Federal Electoral Districts". Elections Canada. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  38. ^ "Garry Breitkreuz MP". Garry Breitkreuz. Retrieved 2014-07-16. 
  39. ^ "Sunrise Health Region". Retrieved 2014-07-23. 
  40. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 24 July 2014 to 0901Z 18 September 2014
  41. ^ Aircraft Movement Statistics: Airports Without Air Traffic Control Towers (TP 577) Movements from Statistics Canada.
  42. ^ Barry, Bill (2003). People Places contemporary Saskatchewan Place Names. Regina, Saskatchewan: People Places Publishing Ltd. p. 275. ISBN 1-894022-92-0. 
  43. ^ a b c d e f "Christ the Teacher Catholic Schools". Retrieved 2014-07-25. 
  44. ^ "Yorkton Regional High School - "Raiders in search of The Great Pumpkin"". Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  45. ^ "Columbia School". Good Spirit School Division. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  46. ^ "Dr. Brass Elementary School". Good Spirit School Division. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  47. ^ "M.C. Knoll Knights". Good Spirit School Division. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  48. ^ "Yorkdale Central School". Good Spirit School Division. 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-18. 
  49. ^ "Good Spirit School Division Schools List". Retrieved May 2, 2014. 
  50. ^ "Yorkton Armouries". Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  51. ^ "Canada's Historic Places (Yorkton Armoury)". Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  52. ^ "The Yorkton News - Yorkton News, Events and Classifieds". Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  53. ^ "Yorkton News, Events & Classifieds". Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  54. ^ "Radio and TV Station Lists". CRTC. Retrieved May 7, 2014. 
  55. ^ "My Access". Retrieved July 7, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°12′50″N 102°27′46″W / 51.21389°N 102.46278°W / 51.21389; -102.46278