Yorktown, Indiana

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Yorktown, Indiana
Town
Yorktown from the air, looking east.
Yorktown from the air, looking east.
Location of Yorktown in the state of Indiana
Location of Yorktown in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 40°10′31″N 85°28′55″W / 40.17528°N 85.48194°W / 40.17528; -85.48194Coordinates: 40°10′31″N 85°28′55″W / 40.17528°N 85.48194°W / 40.17528; -85.48194
Country United States
State Indiana
County Delaware
Township Mount Pleasant
Area[1]
 • Total 8.86 sq mi (22.95 km2)
 • Land 8.78 sq mi (22.74 km2)
 • Water 0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)
Elevation 902 ft (275 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 9,405
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 9,382
 • Density 1,071.2/sq mi (413.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 47396
Area code(s) 765
FIPS code 18-86084[4]
GNIS feature ID 0446404[5]
Website http://www.yorktownindiana.org/

Yorktown is a town in Mount Pleasant Township, Delaware County, Indiana, United States. The population was 9,405 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Muncie, IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the town has a total area of 8.86 square miles (22.9 km2), of which 8.78 square miles (22.7 km2) (or 99.10%) is land and 0.08 square miles (0.21 km2) (or 0.90%) is water.[6]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 9,405 people, 3,648 households, and 2,726 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,071.2 inhabitants per square mile (413.6 /km2). There were 3,929 housing units at an average density of 447.5 per square mile (172.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 95.3% White, 1.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 3,648 households of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 25.3% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.95.

The median age in the town was 41.2 years. 25.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.9% were from 25 to 44; 27.7% were from 45 to 64; and 17% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 47.5% male and 52.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 4,785 people, 1,842 households, and 1,368 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,357.0 people per square mile (523.4/km²). There were 1,940 housing units at an average density of 550.2 per square mile (212.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.64% White, 0.96% African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.

There were 1,842 households out of which 37.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.7% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,974, and the median income for a family was $58,784. Males had a median income of $41,346 versus $26,611 for females. The per capita income for the town was $26,065. About 3.9% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

During the Woodland period Native Americans built an earthen enclosure just to the east of Yorktown, still visible on Google Earth at 40°10′50″N 85°28′10″W / 40.1805°N 85.4694°W / 40.1805; -85.4694. Yorktown lies at the junction of the White River and Buck Creek. According to local legend, the Miami Indians believed that the peculiar configuration of the junction made Yorktown immune from tornadoes.

Yorktown was platted in 1837 by Oliver H. Smith, who represented Indiana in the U.S. Senate from 1837 to 1843 and was a member of the Committee on Public Lands. Smith eventually became involved in the railroad business, and Yorktown was joined to Indianapolis by railroad in the early 1850s. Yorktown's main street bears Smith's name.[7]

Yorktown benefited from the 1880s natural gas boom in the area, and was the site of several glass factories in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. (The gas gave names to nearby the towns of Gaston and Gas City and drew the Ball Brothers to Muncie.)

In 1892, a developer platted "West Muncie" on land immediately adjacent to Yorktown (but roughly ten miles from Muncie.) Buck Creek was dammed to form "Lake Delaware," which became the focus of a 73-room resort hotel opened in 1893. However, the dam ruptured within a few years and the entire West Muncie project was abandoned.[8][9] Its most enduring legacy was perhaps that Yorktown was erroneously labeled "West Muncie" on some road maps into the 1960s and perhaps later, puzzling most local residents, who had neither seen nor heard the name in any other context.

The town has been served by the Big Four Railroad and its successors: the New York Central, Penn Central, Conrail and CSX. The town was also served by an electric interurban line, the Union Traction Company of Indiana and its successor Indiana Railroad, in the early twentieth century.

In the mid twentieth century, many residents found employment in automotive plants in nearby Muncie and Anderson, most associated with General Motors. General Motors in Yorktown closed down in 2003. Borg Warner in Yorktown closed in 2009. Yorktown also served as corporate headquarters of the Marsh Supermarkets chain from 1952 until 1991, a fact reflected in the chain's "Yorktown" store brand. Marsh Supermarkets and Village Pantry headquarters are now located in Indianapolis.[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Indiana". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  7. ^ Lasley, Norma of Delaware County Historical Society (2007-03-31). "Correspondence". 
  8. ^ unknown (1985-01-27). "Journal Album". Muncie Star. 
  9. ^ unknown (1898-03-24). "unknown". Muncie Morning News. 
  10. ^ "Marsh corporate website". Archived from the original on 2007-02-07. Retrieved 2007-02-17. 

Notable Yorktownians[edit]

Education[edit]

Elementary schools[edit]

  • Pleasant View Elementary (Grade K-2)
  • Yorktown Elementary School (Grades 3-5)

Middle schools[edit]

  • Yorktown Middle School (Grades 6-8)

High schools[edit]

Alternative Schools[edit]

External links[edit]