Yorkville is a neighborhood in the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City. It includes Carl Schurz Park and Gracie Mansion. Its southern boundary is East 79th Street, its northern East 96th Street, its western Third Avenue, and its eastern the East River.
For much of the 19th and 20th centuries, Yorkville was a middle- to working-class neighborhood, inhabited by many people of Czech, Slovak, Irish, Polish, German, Hungarian and Lebanese descent.
Many of Yorkville's original German residents moved to Yorkville and other neighborhoods from "Kleindeutschland" (Little Germany) on the Lower East Side of Manhattan after the General Slocum disaster on June 15, 1904. The ship caught fire in the East River just off the shores of Yorkville. Most of the passengers on the ship were German.
The Irish were scattered throughout Yorkville. They attended mass at such churches as St. Ignatius Loyola on 84th Street and Park Avenue, Our Lady of Good Counsel (90th Street) and the Church of St. Joseph (87th Street). There were many Irish bars including Finnegan's Wake, Dorrian's Red Hand Restaurant, Ireland's 32, Carrol's Hideaway, O'Brien's and Kinsale Tavern. Until the late 1990s, New York's St. Patrick's Day Parade ended at 86th Street and Third Avenue, the historical center of Yorkville.
At the turn of the 21st century, East 82nd Street was co-named / renamed St. Stephen of Hungary Wa. The area 79th Street north to 83rd Street, spanning approximately four blocks east-west is colloquially known as Little Hungary.
In the 1930s, the neighborhood was the home base of Fritz Kuhn's German American Bund, the most notorious pro-Nazi group in 1930s America. The neighborhood is the site of the annual Steuben Parade, a large German-American celebration.
Yorkville includes Gracie Mansion, the official home of the mayor of New York City, and Carl Schurz Park. Yorkville is also the birthplace of the Manhattan Chamber of Commerce, circa 1920, founded by 11 local businessmen.
The New York City Department of Education operates public schools.
Residents of Yorkville have included:
- Robert F. Wagner (1877–1953), U.S. Senator
- Bob Cousy (born 1928), professional basketball player
- James Cagney (1899–1986), actor, grew up in the neighborhood.
- Lou Gehrig (1903–1941), Major League Baseball player, was born on 93rd Street between First and Second Avenues. A plaque on the wall stands on the north side of the street to the left of The Mount Sinai Medical Center, 309 East 94th Street.
- The Marx Brothers, comedians, lived at 179 East 93rd Street.
- President Barack Obama (born 1961), lived in the early 1980s at 339 East 94th Street, before and after his graduation from Columbia University.
- Louise Fitzhugh (1928–1974), author, lived on East 85th Street, between East End and York Avenues
- Macaulay Culkin (born 1980), actor, was born in Yorkville and lived there during his early childhood.
- Norma Kamali (born 1945), fashion designer, grew up and went to school in Yorkville
In popular culture
- Hughes, C. J. (June 1, 2008). "Living in Yorkville: Where Change Is Underfoot, and Overhead". The New York Times. Retrieved July 12, 2013.
- Collins, Glenn (June 8, 2004). "A 100-Year-Old Horror, Through 9/11 Eyes; In the Sinking of the Slocum, a Template For the Arc of a City's Grief and Recovery". The New York Times. Retrieved November 20, 2007. "The disaster helped accelerate the flight of Germans from the Lower East Side to Yorkville and other neighborhoods, although there were other motivations as well. 'The very dense old housing on the Lower East Side was no longer attractive to upwardly mobile Germans,' said Dr. John Logan, director of the Center for Social and Demographic Analysis at the State University of New York at Albany."
- Strausbaugh, John (September 14, 2007). "Paths of Resistance in the East Village". The New York Times. Retrieved December 29, 2007. "On June 15, 1904, about 1,200 people from St. Mark’s Evangelical Lutheran Church (323 Sixth Street, between First and Second Avenues, the site of the Community Synagogue since 1940) died when the steamship the General Slocum, taking them on a day trip up the East River, burned. It was the deadliest disaster in the city before Sept. 11, 2001. It traumatized the community and hastened residents’ flight to uptown areas like Yorkville."
- Noble, Barbara Presley (July 23, 1989). "If You're Thinking of Living In: Yorkville". The New York Times. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- "History of the Manhattan Chamber of Commerce". October 20, 2009. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
- Lubasch, Arnold H. (February 26, 1961). "Cousy Is Considering Retirement". The New York Times. p. S7. Retrieved July 31, 2010.
- Strausbaugh, John (December 14, 2007). "In the Mansion Land of the 'Fifth Avenoodles'". The New York Times. Retrieved January 30, 2008.
- Marx, Harpo (1962). Harpo Speaks!. Limelight Editions. ISBN 0-87910-036-2.
- Lee, Jennifer 8. (January 30, 2008). "Where Obama Lived in 1980s New York". The New York Times. Retrieved January 30, 2008.
- "Culkin biography". Fandango.com. August 26, 1980. Retrieved August 7, 2009.
- Puzo, Mario. The Godfather's Revenge. p. 94. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yorkville (Manhattan).|
- The Yorkville Kleindeutschland Historical Society
- German Traces NYC from the Goethe-Institut
- 2006 New York Observer article on changes in Yorkville
- NYC East 91st Waste Facility