Yoshi

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Yoshi
Mario, Yoshi character
YoshiMarioParty9.png
First game Super Mario World (1990)
Created by Shigefumi Hino
Voiced by Kazumi Totaka (1997- )
Andrew Sabiston (Super Mario World)
Frank Welker (Super Mario Bros.)

Yoshi (ヨッシー Yosshī?) /ˈjʃi/, once romanized as Yossy,[1][2] is a fictional anthropomorphic dinosaur (referred to as a dragon at times) who appears in video games published by Nintendo.[3] He debuted in Super Mario World (1990) on the Super Nintendo Entertainment System[4] as Mario and Luigi's sidekick (a role he has often reprised), and he later established his own series with several platform and puzzle games, including Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island. He has also appeared in many of the spin-off Mario games including the Mario Party, the Mario Kart, and the Super Smash Bros. series, as well as in other various Mario sports titles. Yoshi also appears in New Super Mario Bros. Wii (2009) as the characters' companion and steed, similar to his original debut role in Super Mario World.[5] Yoshi belongs to the species of the same name which comes in various colors, with green being the most common.[4]

Origins[edit]

Considered after the development of Super Mario Bros., Yoshi's early design differs greatly from the finished appearance[6]

Shigeru Miyamoto stated that Nintendo had wanted Mario to have a dinosaur companion ever since the first release Super Mario Bros.; however, it was not possible because of the limitations of the NES.[7] The inspiration for Yoshi can be traced back further, to the green dragon Tamagon in the 1984 video game Devil World.[8] During the development of Super Mario Bros. 3, Miyamoto had a number of sketches around his desk, including an image of Mario riding a dinosaur. Takashi Tezuka, a Mario series developer, speculated that Miyamoto's love of horse riding as well as country and western influenced Yoshi's creation.[8] The concept of Mario riding a dinosaur also came from the NES video game Excitebike, which featured people riding motorcycles. He again wanted to feature Yoshi in Super Mario Bros. 3, but was still unable to.[8] Tezuka designed two power-ups to make up for this limitation, the raccoon and frog power-ups. Once the more powerful Super NES was released, Miyamoto was finally able to implement Yoshi into the series, putting him into the video game Super Mario World.[9] Yoshi proved to be popular in his debut, which caused the next game in the series, Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island, to focus on his species.[7]

The version of Yoshi seen in the Super Mario Bros. film was made using a 3-foot-tall (0.91 m) animatronic dinosaur. He was designed in the film by Dave Nelson. It had nearly 200 feet of cable and hundreds of moving parts inside of it, and was controlled by nine puppeteers. The body is cable-controlled, while the head is radio-controlled. Nelson described the overall process as being "difficult."[10] The creation of Yoshi was handled by a company independent from the filmmakers.[11]

Characteristics[edit]

Yoshi's promotional artwork for 1990's Super Mario World

Yoshi has a variety of abilities that make him stand out amongst other characters in the Mario series. He has a prehensile tongue that can extend a surprising distance, allowing him to eat almost anything; anything that can't be eaten can be spit out at enemies. In some games the tongue can also be used as a grappling hook to pull objects or access otherwise out-of-reach areas. Yoshi is also capable of laying distinctive spotted eggs after swallowing objects, which can then be thrown at enemies or objects; eggs are in fact the primary "logo" of Yoshi in multiplayer games. Yoshi is also capable of forming an egg around himself and rolling around. By rapidly flapping his arms and legs, Yoshi can hover in midair or even gain height (depending on the game), this "flutter jump" makes difficult jumps much easier to accomplish. Yoshi is also a heavy user of the ground pound, dropping from the air onto targets. Yoshi's large nose allows him to detect hidden collectibles by smell, and aside from kicks and tail whips, is Yoshi's main instrument of close-range combat.

Yoshis come in a variety of colours, including green, red, blue, yellow, cyan, pink, purple, black, white, orange, and brown. In some games the colour of a Yoshi provides additional abilities: in Super Mario World, red Yoshis can breathe fire, blue Yoshis have wings, and yellow Yoshis produce damaging dust clouds on landing. In other games, eating fruit changes a Yoshi's colour and provides an ability; Yoshis in Super Mario Sunshine can spit fruit juice to defeat enemies and create platforms, while those in Super Mario Galaxy 2 can use fruit to gain super speed, inflate like a balloon, or produce a platform-enabling glow. Yoshis of various colours appear often in multiplayer games as alternate choices, which may or may not have tweaked stats.

Another one of Yoshi's characteristics is the sounds he makes. In most games up to and including Mario Party 3, as well as New Super Mario Bros. Wii and New Super Mario Bros. U, his vocals consist of record-scratching noises for positive interactions and whistling noises for negative interactions. In Yoshi's Story, Super Smash Bros., Mario Tennis, and almost every game since Super Smash Bros. Melee, his vocals consist of high-pitched baby-ish squeals backed with numerous unintelligible words and his own name, as well as the game's company. Because his name is one of his vocalizations, it is a common misconception that he talks by repeating it numerous times. The character's voice is played by Kazumi Totaka, the composer of Yoshi's Story.

In Super Mario World, Super Mario Sunshine, New Super Mario Bros. Wii, Super Mario Galaxy 2, and New Super Mario Bros. U, bongos (or other appropriate percussion instrument) are added to the level's background music whenever a player rides Yoshi; also, in New Super Mario Bros. U, a choir is added to the level's background music whenever a player is holding a baby Yoshi. While being ridden, Yoshi acts as an extra hit point; taking damage will cause Mario (or whoever is riding Yoshi) to fly off. This makes Yoshi start to panic and run around haphazardly until remounted.

Appearances[edit]

Yoshi carrying Baby Mario as seen in Yoshi's Island DS. The aspect of protecting babies from enemies is an important part of the Yoshi's Island games.

Yoshi made his debut in Super Mario World as a native dinosaur that Mario or Luigi could ride on in order to eat enemies and otherwise navigate Dinosaur Land more quickly and easily. This game spawned a prequel entitled Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island for the Super Nintendo in which the player could control Yoshi in order to keep Baby Mario out of harm's way as they advanced through the game. This led to a spin-off series of games including Yoshi's Safari for the SNES, Yoshi's Story for the Nintendo 64, Yoshi's Universal Gravitation for the Game Boy Advance, Yoshi's New Island for the Nintendo 3DS, and a number of games for the Nintendo DS, including Yoshi Touch & Go, Yoshi's Island DS, and Super Mario 64 DS.

Although he was introduced on the SNES in 1990, Yoshi was also the star of two self-titled games for the original NES released in '92 and '93: Yoshi and Yoshi's Cookie, respectively. Both of these games were released for the Game Boy as well. He also appeared as a supporting cast member in Mario is Missing for NES, SNES, and MS-DOS in 1993.[12] Yoshi appeared in Super Mario 64 as a non-playable character who could be seen upon 100% completion of the game and be briefly visited after. He also appeared in the DS remake as a playable (and starring) character, and in Super Mario Sunshine where he could be ridden on by Mario in the same fashion as in Super Mario World. However in this game, he is portrayed as a tropical Yoshi who changes to different colors after eating different fruits. Yoshi appears in New Super Mario Bros. Wii, and his role in the game is very similar to his original role in Super Mario World. A number of different colored Yoshis can be obtained by hitting blocks throughout the game. He can then be ridden by characters in the game, though his color no longer represents special abilities. Yoshi also appears in the game Super Mario Galaxy 2, where he can also float across the air for a limited period of time by fluttering his feet at an amazing speed. Power-ups allow him to run up walls; turn into a ballon; and glow, lighting platforms that are only tangible when visible.[13] Yoshi was also intended to appear in the original Super Mario Galaxy but was removed because, according to Satoru Iwata in an Iwata Asks session, it would be "too much all at once."[14] Yoshi also appears in New Super Mario Bros. U with the same gameplay mechanics from its Wii predecessor.

In the GameCube title Paper Mario: The Thousand-Year Door, Mario rescues a Yoshi egg that hatches and joins his team during the third chapter of the game. The player can then name the Yoshi. The color of the Yoshi depends on the amount of time that passes between rescuing the egg and the egg hatching.

Other appearances[edit]

Yoshi has appeared in nearly all of the Mario sports and spin-off games. He appears in every game of the Mario Kart series as a playable character (usually with a light weight). He also appears in every Mario Party game to date as a playable character. He has also made appearances in multiple Mario sports titles, including Mario Tennis, Mario Golf, Mario Super Sluggers, Super Mario Strikers and Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Games.[15] Yoshi's attributes in these games trend towards the lightweight side of the spectrum, often with high footspeed and less-than-impressive accuracy.

Yoshi is the main character in the English localization of Tetris Attack. The game's single-player story mode takes place in the world of Yoshi's Island, where Bowser and his minions have cursed all of Yoshi's friends. Playing as Yoshi, the player must defeat each of his friends in order to remove the curse. Once all friends have been freed, the game proceeds to a series of Bowser's minions, and then to Bowser himself. During these final matches, the player can select Yoshi or any of his friends to play out the stage.

Yoshi is a playable character in all four titles in the Super Smash Bros. series. Contrary to his lightweight and speedy portrayal in other games, the Smash Bros. version of Yoshi is a rather heavy character with strong attacks, quick movements, and a difficult-to-interrupt second jump; on the downside, his attacks tend to leave him vulnerable if they miss, outside his second jump his recovery is almost nonexistent, and his unique shield and slow grab give him poor defensive abilities. In Super Smash Bros. Brawl, Yoshi's Final Smash is called the "Super Dragon" and by using it, he grows wings and is able to breathe fire and fly for a short time. In the Subspace Emissary, Yoshi is awakened from his sleep by various Subspace enemies and teams up with Link and other Smash Bros. characters to defeat Tabuu and save the world.

Yoshi has made cameo appearances in other video games. In the SNES remake of Super Mario Bros. 3 that is part of Super Mario All-Stars, one of the kings is transformed into a Yoshi. In Super Mario Galaxy, an image of his head appears as a wooden planet that Mario can visit in the Space Junk Galaxy. Yoshi made a cameo appearance in Donkey Kong Country 2: Diddy's Kong Quest as one of the competitors in Cranky's Video Game Heroes show. He also made a few cameo appearances in The Legend of Zelda series, specifically in Link's Awakening and Ocarina of Time. He appears in two Metal Gear games for the Nintendo systems: The Twin Snakes and Metal Gear Solid: Snake Eater 3D. In The Twin Snakes, he and Mario are dolls that stand on a desk. If the player shoots him, he'll yell "Yoshi!".[8] In Snake Eater 3D, Yoshi dolls replaces all the cartoon-like frogs, Kerotans, which that appear in all other versions of Metal Gear Solid 3. Shooting all of them will earn the player the Yoshi rank at the end of the game.

Appearances in other media[edit]

An animated series followed Super Mario World (produced by DIC Entertainment), bearing the same name, and was similar in plotline to the previous series, The Adventures of Super Mario Bros. 3, and The Super Mario Bros. Super Show, but with a different setting. The show featured Yoshi as a regular character, voiced by Andrew Sabiston. Yoshi was featured as a young dinosaur who often talked in 3rd person, (This caused people to believe that an error in Super Mario 64 was intentional) and in the final episode of the Super Mario World series entitled Mama Luigi, he was portrayed as a baby Yoshi that Luigi came across in a "?" block a short while after a Fire Sumo made him fall into a crack in the ground.

He was featured in the Super Mario Adventures comic serial printed in Nintendo Power, and also in the Nintendo Adventure Books

Yoshi was also featured in the Super Mario Bros. movie. In the movie, Yoshi took the form of a realistic animatronic dinosaur. In the movie, Yoshi was King Koopa's pet and is referred to as a "Throw-Back" by Koopa; he joined Daisy's side and eventually protected her with his own body against a stabbing. In the end, he is seen alive with Princess Daisy and Toad.

Reception[edit]

If you’ve ever played a Mario game, you’ll know one thing: there is no greater joy than hitting a question block and finding a Yoshi egg. Nothing else comes close: fire-flowers, frog-suits, invincibility stars… not one. Why? Because Yoshi is the ultimate side-kick.[16]

20 Top Video Game Sidekicks Of All Time, WhatCulture.com

Since appearing in Super Mario World, Yoshi has received largely positive reception and has become one of the most recognizable characters in the Mario series. Yoshi is also featured in a myriad of Mario merchandise; he is the subject of toys, shirts, and figures. Yoshi also appeared in two of the McDonald's Happy Meal promotions of Mario toys which only starred Mario, Donkey Kong, and Yoshi himself.[17] In a poll conducted in 2008, Yoshi was voted as the third-favorite video game character in Japan, with Cloud Strife and Mario placing second and first, respectively.[18] Gametrailers has created a special tribute video for Yoshi for the release of Super Mario Galaxy 2.[19]

Yoshi ranked at #1 on WhatCulture's list of "20 Top Video Game Sidekicks Of All Time".[16] Cheat Code Central listed Yoshi as the third best sidekick in video games, commenting that he's one of the most adorable video game characters.[20] GameSpy ranked Yoshi as the seventh best videogame sidekick, listing him over Luigi by reasoning only Yoshi can pull off being green and still be cool.[21] Complex placed Yoshi at fourth among "The 25 Most Kickass Dragons in Video Games", adding "Yoshi would have to be one of the best sidekicks of all time".[22] Australia's Official Nintendo Magazine called Yoshi a "cute, trustworthy, a plumber's best friend" and compared him to a loyal dog.[8] Yoshi is ranked 52nd on GamesRadar's Top 100 video game heroes.[23] The 2011 issue of the Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition included Yoshi at the 21st place in their list of the "Top 50 Video Game Characters of All Time", with Yoshi being the second highest-ranked Mario character with Mario being the first.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ MobyGames, Super Mario World 2: Yoshi's Island - SNES Cover Art
  2. ^ Nintendo, Yossy Cookie
  3. ^ "Iwata Asks: New Super Mario Bros. Wii". Nintendo. Retrieved 2010-02-25. 
  4. ^ a b "Yoshi Biography". IGN. Retrieved January 3, 2009. 
  5. ^ "New Super Mario Bros. Wii Official Website". Nintendo.com. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  6. ^ Pam Sather, Scott Pelland, et al. (1991), Mario Mania Player’s Guide, Nintendo Power, p. 32, ISBN 0-450-49606-6 
  7. ^ a b McLaughlin, Rus. "IGN Presents: The History of Super Mario Bros.". IGN. Retrieved May 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "A Brief History of... Yoshi". Official Nintendo Magazine (Nintendo) (47): 81–83. 2012. ISSN 1836-4276. 
  9. ^ "Wii.com - Iwata Asks: New Super Mario Bros. Wii". Us.wii.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  10. ^ "Super Mario Bros. The Movie Archive". Smbmovie.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  11. ^ "Super Mario Bros. The Movie Archive". Smbmovie.com. 2009-03-30. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  12. ^ "Mario is Missing! for NES". MobyGames. 2003-09-26. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  13. ^ Chester, Nick. "Back in the saddle with Yoshi in Super Mario Galaxy 2". DESTRUCTOID. Retrieved May 2012. 
  14. ^ Ishaan. "Yoshi Originally Intended For First Super Mario Galaxy". SiliconEra. Retrieved July 2012. 
  15. ^ Rob Burman and Matt Casamassina (2007-03-28). "IGN: Mario and Sonic Together at Last". IGN UK. Wii.ign.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  16. ^ a b "20 Top Video Game Sidekicks Of All Time". Whatculture.com. 2011-09-23. Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  17. ^ "McDonald's: Take the Mario Challenge - Raving Toy Maniac". Toymania.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  18. ^ "And Japan's Favorite Video Game Characters Are...?". Kotaku. 2008-08-12. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 
  19. ^ Posted: May 20, 2010 (2010-05-20). "Super Mario Galaxy 2 Video Game, Life And Times Of Yoshi | Video Clip | Game Trailers & Videos". GameTrailers.com. Retrieved 2010-11-09. 
  20. ^ "Top 10 Video Game Sidekicks - Cheat Code Central". Cheatcc.com. Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  21. ^ "Top Ten Videogame Sidekicks - Page 4". GameSpy. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2011-12-30. 
  22. ^ "The 25 Most Kickass Dragons in Video Games". Complex. 2012-02-03. Retrieved 2012-07-30. 
  23. ^ "100 best heroes in video games". GamesRadar. 
  24. ^ "Top 50 video game characters of all time announced in Guinness World Records 2011 Gamer's Edition". Gamasutra. Think Services. February 16, 2011. Archived from the original on December 7, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2013. 

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