1938, 13 air Group, Nanjing Base
|Died||25 November 2005
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Service/branch||Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service (IJN)|
|Battles/wars||Second Sino-Japanese War
|Other work||President of Nobel Kōgyō|
Yoshio Shiga (志賀 淑雄 Shiga Yoshio ) was an officer, ace fighter pilot, and leader in the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Pacific theater of World War II. At the December 1941 Attack on Pearl Harbor, Shiga led one of the aircraft carrier Kaga's fighter divisions during the first strike on American forces on Oahu. The number of his Zero fighter was AII-105. Shiga continued as a fighter division commander on Kaga until April 1942.
In May 1942, then Lieutenant Shiga took command of aircraft carrier Jun'yō's fighter group, a post he held until December 1942. During this time, Shiga led the carrier's fighters in the battles of Dutch Harbor and the Santa Cruz Islands. In the latter battle, he attacked the US carriers, USS Hornet (CV-8) and USS Enterprise (CV-6), in which the former was later sunk, while Enterprise was heavily damaged. He subsequently commanded the aircraft carrier Hiyō's fighter group from December 1942 through January 1943 while the carrier was in port in Japan.
After promotion to Lieutenant Commander, Shiga was assigned as air officer to the 343 Air Group which was engaged in homeland defence in Japan, based at Matsuyama Air Base, in December 1944. He is famous for his strong objection against the tactic of suicide attack (Kamikaze) and saved many lives of Japanese young pilots.
After the war, Shiga became president of police equipment manufacturer Nobel Kōgyō and made many devices such as bulletproof vests and extractable police batons for Japanese police. He died on 25 November 2005.
- Hata, Ikuhiko; Yasuho Izawa, Don Cyril Gorham (translator) (1975 (original) 1989 (translation)). Japanese Naval Aces and Fighter Units in World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-315-6.
- Toland, John (2003 (1970)). The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936–1945. New York: The Modern Library. ISBN 0-8129-6858-1.
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