December 23, 1883|
Matsuyama, Ehime, Japan
|Died||June 7, 1966(aged 82)|
|Occupation||Educator, politician, cabinet minister|
Abe was born in Matsuyama, Ehime Prefecture as the son of a doctor of Chinese medicine. He graduated from Tokyo Imperial University, and was a close associate of Natsume Soseki. Seiichi Hatano, Kyoshi Takahama and Shigeo Iwanami, although he was forced to return home to teach English in Matsuyama due to family circumstances. He later married the sister of Misao Fujimura. While still a student, he began writing literary criticism and was interested in the development of naturalism.
From 1920, Abe worked as a professor at Hosei University; however, he toured Europe and spent some time at Heidelberg University in 1924 where he studied Kantian philosophy. In 1926 he accepted a position at Keijō Imperial University in Seoul Korea, where he became interested in Korean culture and Korean literature. He returned to mainland Japan in 1940, returning to his alma mater, the Daiichi High School in Tokyo. However, he soon ran afoul of the military authorities with his outspoken criticism of the military’s plans to cut short school curriculums to increase the numbers of conscripts, and of Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe’s efforts to create a single-party state. Although occasionally harassed by the Kempeitai, he was not arrested.
After the end of World War II, Abe was appointed to a seat in the Upper House of the Diet of Japan in December 1945, and from January through March 1946 served as Minister of Education in the cabinet of Prime Minister Shidehara, where he oversaw the post-war reform of the Japanese educational system. As Education Minister, he also stated that he felt it was fortunate that Japan had been occupied by America instead of the Soviet Union. From October 1946, he was principal of the Gakushuin Peers’ School – a post he held until his death in 1966.
- Shibata, Masako (2005). Japan and Germany Under the US Occupation: A Comparative Analysis of the .Occupation. New York: The Macmillan Company. ISBN 0739111493.
- Frederic, Louis (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. ISBN 0674017536.
|Minister of Education
13 Jan 1946 – 22 May 1946