||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2007)|
13 October 1920 |
|Known for||Painting, Drawing|
Yosl Bergner (Hebrew: יוסל ברגנר; born 13 October 1920) is an Israeli painter. He was born in Vienna, Austria, grew up in Warsaw, Poland, lived in Melbourne, Australia from 1937 until 1948, when he moved to Israel.
With rampant anti-Semitism in Europe, the Freeland League for Jewish Territorial Colonization was formed in the United States in July 1935, to search for a potential Jewish homeland. Soon afterwards a pastoral firm in Australia offered the League about 16,500 square kilometres (6,400 sq mi) in the Kimberleys, stretching from the north of Western Australia into the Northern Territory. As history showed, the plans went nowhere. But for a time, the Australian idea was at least worth considering. Bergner's father, Melech Ravitch, became involved in a serious investigation of the Kimberley Plan.
In this way the Bergner family moved to Australia. Yosl emigrated to Australia in 1937 and studied in the National Gallery School in Melbourne until the outbreak of War World II. He served for four and a half years in the Australian Army, and later continued his studies at the Art School.
In Melbourne from 1937–48, Bergner befriended many of the local artists who now epitomize modern Australian art: Sidney Nolan, Albert Tucker, John Perceval and Arthur Boyd. Adrian Lawlor moved with his wife to a cottage at Warrandyte, an outer suburb of Melbourne, where they lived for 30 years. Bergner was a frequent visitor at their Warrandyte home. All the men socialized together. Bergner encouraged them to go beyond their traditional landscape style and introduced a more radical concern for working families, thus having an important impact on Australian art.
Bergner may not have been prepared for the plight of many struggling Australians. Yet he felt a strong connection between the suffering of people everywhere, whether they were the Jews that he remembered from Europe, landless blacks in the heart of Australia or hungry children in inner urban Melbourne.
Bergner has designed scenery and costumes for the Yiddish and Hebrew theatres, particularly for the plays of Nissim Aloni, and has illustrated many books. The acme of Bergner's paintings is his allegorical works; he uses kitchen tools such as squashed pots, oil lamps, wrecks and cracked jugs and he anthropomorphizes them. These old instruments symbolize distorted and poor world of wars, secrets and darkness.
- In 1956, Bergner was a co-recipient of the Dizengoff Prize for painting.
- In 1980, he was awarded the Israel Prize for painting.
- Smith, Sue (1999). "Arthur Boyd (1920-1999): An obituary". Grafico Topico. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- "List of Dizengoff Prize laureates" (in Hebrew). Tel Aviv Municipality.
- "Israel Prize Official Site - Recipients in 1980 (in Hebrew)".
- Frank Klepner (January 2004). Yosl Bergner: Art as a Meeting of Cultures. Palgrave Macmillan Australia. ISBN 978-1-876832-92-6. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
- Webberley, Helen "How Australian was Yosl Bergner?" Limmud Oz Conference, Sydney, 2007.