You'll Never Walk Alone
|"You'll Never Walk Alone"|
|Introduced in the 1945 musical, Carousel|
|Music by||Richard Rodgers|
|Lyrics by||Oscar Hammerstein II|
|Original artist||Christine Johnson|
|Recorded by||Judy Garland
Gerry & The Pacemakers
"You'll Never Walk Alone" is a show tune from the 1945 Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Carousel. In the second act of the musical, Nettie Fowler, the cousin of the female protagonist Julie Jordan, sings "You'll Never Walk Alone" to comfort and encourage Julie when her husband, Billy Bigelow, the male lead, kills himself to avoid capture during a failed robbery. It is reprised in the final scene to encourage a graduation class of which Louise (Billy and Julie's daughter) is a member. The now invisible Billy, who has been granted the chance to return to Earth for one day in order to redeem himself, watches the ceremony and is able to silently motivate the unhappy Louise to join in the song.
The song is also sung at association football clubs around the world, where it is performed by a massed chorus of supporters on matchday; this tradition began at Liverpool Football Club in the early 1960s and later spread to several other clubs.
Christine Johnson, who created the role of Nettie Fowler, introduced the song in the original Broadway production. Later in the show Jan Clayton, as Julie Jordan, reprised it, with the chorus joining in.
Besides the recordings of the song on the Carousel cast albums and the film soundtrack, the song has been recorded by many artists, with notable hit versions made by Roy Hamilton, Frank Sinatra, Gerry & the Pacemakers, Judy Garland, Elvis Presley and Doris Day. Progressive rock group Pink Floyd took a version sung by the Liverpool F.C. Kop choir, and "interpolated" it into their own song, "Fearless", on their 1971 album, Meddle.
From 1964 through 2010, Jerry Lewis concluded the annual Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon by singing the song. After the end of a concert by the rock group Queen, the audience spontaneously sang this song, according to guitarist Brian May, and this helped to inspire the creation of their songs "We Are the Champions" and "We Will Rock You". Italian-American tenor Sergio Franchi sang a notable version accompanied by the Welsh Men's Choir on the June 9, 1968 telecast of The Ed Sullivan Show. He also covered this song in his 1964 RCA Victor album The Exciting Voice of Sergio Franchi. American singer and songwriter Barbra Streisand sang this song in a surprise appearance at the close of the 2001 Emmy Awards, in honor of the victims of the September 11th, 2001 attacks.
In The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, the onboard computer Eddie sings this song in an attempt to calm the crew of the Heart of Gold as their imminent destruction approaches in the form of a missile.
In Cheers Season 1 Episode 15 "Father Knows Last", the barroom erupts in an impromptu version to honor Carla as she walks stoically out the front door with a collection taken up by the bar patrons for her unborn child.
Renée Fleming sang the song at the Concert for America, which marked the first anniversary of 9/11, and for the Inauguration of Barack Obama on January 20, 2009. In 2010, this was sung during the festivities of the Last Night of the Proms, with the choir at the Albert Hall joined by crowds of the public from Hillsborough Castle, Northern Ireland; Caird Hall, Dundee; Hyde Park, London; Salford, Greater Manchester; and Wales, to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the death of Oscar Hammerstein II.
|"You'll Never Walk Alone"|
|Single by Gerry and the Pacemakers|
|from the album How Do You Like It|
|Recorded||July 2, 1963, Abbey Road Studios|
|Label||Columbia (EMI) (UK)
Laurie Records (US)
|Gerry and the Pacemakers singles chronology|
In the United Kingdom, the song's most successful recording was released in 1963 by the Liverpudlian Merseybeat group Gerry and the Pacemakers (peaking at number one in the singles chart for four consecutive weeks).
The song quickly became the anthem of Liverpool Football Club and is invariably sung by its supporters moments before the start of each home game. The words "You'll Never Walk Alone" also feature in the club crest and on the Shankly Gate entrance to Anfield, the home stadium.
According to former player Tommy Smith, Gerry Marsden presented Liverpool manager Bill Shankly with a tape recording of his forthcoming cover single during a pre-season coach trip in the summer of 1963. "Shanks was in awe of what he heard. [...] Football writers from the local newspapers were travelling with our party and, thirsty for a story of any kind between games, filed copy back to their editors to the effect that we had adopted Gerry Marsden's forthcoming single as the club song."
Marsden himself told BBC Radio how, in the 1960s, the DJ at Anfield would play the top-ten commercial records in ascending order, with the number one single transmitted last, shortly before kickoff. Spectators would sing along, but unlike with other hit singles, once "You'll Never Walk Alone" dropped out of the top-ten, instead of dropping the song, supporters continued to sing along.
The song was later adopted by Scottish team Celtic F.C., Dutch teams Feyenoord, FC Twente and SC Cambuur, Germany's Borussia Dortmund, Mainz 05, 1. FC Kaiserslautern, Borussia Mönchengladbach, Alemannia Aachen, FC St Pauli, SV Darmstadt 98, Belgium's Club Brugge, Japan's F.C. Tokyo and Spain's CD Lugo.
The Pink Floyd song "Fearless", from their 1971 album Meddle, includes a recording of the Liverpool Kop singing "You'll Never Walk Alone". The recording is repeated many times during the song and appears solely as a conclusion at the end of the track.
The song is mentioned by Pete Townshend in "Football Fugue", a humorous allegorical reference to The Who as a football team, from his demos and outtakes album Another Scoop, in the lyric "Sit back or piss off and sing 'You'll Never Walk Alone'".
A special recording of the song was made in solidarity with Bradford City following the Valley Parade fire in 1985, when 56 spectators died and many more were seriously injured. The song was performed by The Crowd, featuring Gerry Marsden, Paul McCartney and Rolf Harris, among others.
Some years later, after witnessing a rendition of "You'll Never Walk Alone" at Anfield in 2007, the President of the Spanish Olympic Committee, Alejandro Blanco, said he felt inspired to seek lyrics to his country's wordless national anthem, the Marcha Real, ahead of Madrid's bid to host the 2016 Olympic Games.
The song was also performed by 17-year-old highschool student Alina Schmidt at the public funeral of German football goalkeeper Robert Enke (who had committed suicide after years of depression) to an audience of 45,000 at his team's Hanover's stadium on November 15, 2009.
In September 2012 the song peaked to number 1 on iTunes following an online campaign by Liverpool fans to raise awareness for those who lost their lives in the Hillsborough tragedy. The campaign to get the song back into the UK Singles Chart was started by Liverpool Walton MP, Steve Rotheram, on September 14, 2012 following the release of the Hillsborough Independent Panel report. The report revealed that police had tampered with witness statements and that 41 of the 96 lives lost at Sheffield Wednesday's stadium on 15 April 1989, could have been saved. "People have asked what they can do now. If you download You’ll Never Walk Alone, it will send a message to the rest of the country," Mr Rotheram said on Twitter. He added "Just spoke to Gerry Marsden who is supporting YNWAno1 and will donate any proceeding to Hillsborough charities. Great gesture. Great man." On September 16, 2012 the song entered the UK Singles Chart at number 12 selling over 28,000 copies in just over 24 hours.
Moving forward, in 2013 Gerry & The Pacemakers continue their 50th Anniversary tour and a new official video for their third No.1 'You'll Never Walk Alone' was released on 17th January on VEVO. The video features famous Liverpudlians including Tina Malone (Shameless), Margie Clarke (Coronation Street) and Team GB Olympic Boxer Natasha Jonas 
|UK Singles Chart||1|
|Irish Singles Chart||1|
|UK Singles Chart||33|
|UK Singles Chart||12|
- The Adicts
- Alfie Boe ("Onward") (2007)
- Alicia Keys (Hurricane Katrina disaster relief, 2005)
- André Hazes
- André Rieu (2009 Maastricht concert)
- Aretha Franklin (1972, on the live album "Amazing Grace")
- The Bachelors
- Barbra Streisand
- Barry Manilow & Cilla Black (1993)
- Bela B. & the Tikiwolves feat. Gary'o'Wolf (official FC St. Pauli Stadionhymn, 1992)
- Billy Eckstine (1960): Live album "No Cover, No Minimum", recorded in Las Vegas. Production was by Teddy Reig. The album was originally released by Roulette Records, but is also available on the Blue Note label.
- Bryn Terfel (1996) – Something Wonderful: Bryn Terfel Sings Rodgers and Hammerstein
- Charice (2008)
- Celtic Woman (Believe 2011)
- Chris de Burgh (2008)
- Christy Gibson (Thai Language Version) (2001) – Soo Yod Kao
- Christine Johnson on the Carousel Original Cast Album (1945)
- Claramae Turner on the Carousel film soundtrack (1956)
- The Crusaders (1966)
- David Campbell (2010)
- David Phelps Classic (2012)
- David Whitfield
- Die Toten Hosen (2000, Bayern ep)
- Dionne Warwick (1967, On Stage and in the Movies album track)
- Doris Akers (1963)
- Doris Day (on the album of the same name) (1962)
- Dudu Fisher (2006)
- Elvis Presley (1968 single release)
- Frank Sinatra (1945) (1963)
- Frankie Vaughan (1979)
- Gene Vincent (1958) (Gene Vincent Rocks and the Blue Caps Roll album track)
- Gerry & The Pacemakers (1963)
- Hayley Westenra (2001)
- John Barrowman (2010) (John Barrowman album track)
- John Farnham (1998) - The Spirit of Christmas (compilation album)
- Joyce Drake (1983)
- Johnny Cash (2003)
- Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae (1963)
- Johnny Maestro & The Brooklyn Bridge (1969)
- Joseph Calleja (Last Night of the Proms, 2012)
- Joyce DiDonato (2012)
- Juan Diego Flórez (Live 8 – Berlin) (2005)
- Judy Garland (1960)
- Katherine Jenkins (2005)
- Kevin Rowland (1999)
- Kiri Te Kanawa with the Mormon Tabernacle Choir (1990) – Songs of Inspiration
- Lee Greenwood
- Lee Towers (1976)
- The Lettermen (1964)
- Liverpool FC (1977) (FA Cup single 'A' side We Can Do It & Liverpool Lou 'B' side We Shall Not Be Moved & You'll Never Walk Alone)
- Los Fastidios
- Louis Armstrong (1954) in a medley with Tenderly
- Mahalia Jackson
- Malcolm Vaughan (1959)
- Mario Lanza (1952 and 1956)
- Maureen Forrester on the Carousel MCA Classics album (1987)
- Melanie Chisholm (2012)
- Michael Ball (1996) – The Musicals
- Michael Crawford (1987)
- Mormon Tabernacle Choir (1971)
- Nina Simone (1959)
- Olivia Newton-John (1989) – Warm and Tender
- Patricia Neway in the soundtrack of the 1967 television adaptation of Carousel (1967)
- Patti Labelle & The Blue Belles (1964)
- Patti LaBelle (1980's)
- Pink Floyd (1971) – Fearless
- Pips, Chips & Videoclips (Dernjava album, 1995)
- The Priests (2009)
- Perry Como (1956)
- Ray Charles (Ingredients in a Recipe for Soul album track, July 1963)
- Regine Velasquez (2004)
- Renée Fleming (2003)
- The Righteous Brothers (1965)
- Robson & Jerome (1996)
- Roy Hamilton (1954)
- Samuel Ramey (1989)
- Sergio Franchi recorded on 1964 RCA album, The Exciting Voice of Sergio Franchi
- The Shadows (Reflection album track, 1990)
- Shirley Bassey (1962, single B-side to "Ave Maria")
- Sissel Kyrkjebø (2004)
- Smoking Popes
- Steven Houghton (1997) – Steven Houghton
- Susan Boyle (Standing Ovation: The Greatest Songs from the Stage, 2012)
- Tammy Wynette
- The Three Tenors (1998)
- Tokyo Ska Paradise Orchestra (2009) – Paradise Blue
- Tom Jones (1969)
- Vocal Majority (1997) – How Sweet the Sound
- Wayne Hussey and Julianne Regan (2011) (in support of Liverpool F.C.'s disability charity, Respect 4 All)
- Liverpool vs. Leeds United, F.A. Cup Final, BBC, 1965. "The song was covered by Liverpool group Gerry & The Pacemakers in 1963. At this time, supporters standing on the Spion Kop terrace at Anfield began singing popular chart songs of the day. The mood was captured on camera by a BBC Panorama camera crew in 1964. One year later, when Liverpool faced Leeds in the cup final, the travelling Kop sang the same song and match commentator Kenneth Wolstenholme commended the 'Liverpool signature tune'." Paul Coslett, You'll Never Walk Alone BBC Online. June 9, 2008.
- "You'll Never Walk Alone (original version 1945)". Youtube. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
- Gilliland, John (1969). "Show 3 - The Tribal Drum: The rise of rhythm and blues. [Part 1]" (audio). Pop Chronicles. Digital.library.unt.edu.
- "Milestones: Retiring: Jerry Lewis", Time magazine, May 30, 2011, p. 17
- Interview with Tom Browne for BBC Radio One, broadcast Christmas Eve and Boxing Day 1977
- DVD is not dated
- Streisand's stage fright spiked with thought of terror, By Edna Gundersen, USA TODAY, 12 12 2001
- "The Hitchhiker's Guide To The Galaxy – Character Guide – British Comedy Guide". Comedy.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
- http://www.britbands.bravepages.com/gerrydiary.html Gerry and the Pacemakers diary
- Aldred, Jessica. Liverpool or Celtic: who Walked Alone first? The Guardian. March 12, 2003.
- Smith, Tommy. Anfield Iron, Bantam Press, p. 68-69
- Cavanagh, John. "The History of You'll Never Walk Alone", BBC Songlines, 2006.
- Morgan, John. "The Other Mersey Sound", BBC Panorama, 1964.
- Whyatt, Chris. McClaren's new charges BBC. August 13, 2008.
- Bela B. & The Tikiwolves feat. Gary 'O' Wolf: You'll Never Walk Alone (FC St. Pauli hymn) at Discogs (list of releases)
- Nagatomo tells Japan "You'll never walk alone", The mainichi Daily News. March 2011.
- "You´ll never walk alone" in Anxo Carro. Punto Pelota TV Programm
- Liverpool fans inspire Spain to write words to anthem, Reuters. June 5, 2005
- Spain to add lyrics to wordless national anthem, MSNBC. June 26, 2007.
- You’ll Never Walk Alone re-enters the Top 20 following online campaign. [[Official Charts Company|]]
- John The Punk. "Welcome to The Adicts Official Website!". Adicts.us. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
- "Cilla Black Discography: You'll Never Walk Alone (duet with Barry Manilow) – Single". Retrieved May 21, 2009.
- "Richard Rogers: You'll Never Walk Alone - Last Night of the BBC Proms 2012". BBC YouTube channel. 8 September 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- "Joyce contributes to highly anticipated new recording: Rogers & Hammerstein at the Movies". .joycedidonato.com. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
- Recorded for Capitol Records Judy Garland with Orchestra conducted, by Norrie Paramor, August 3, 1960.
- It's Raining In My Heart (LP/MC) (Goud & Platina) 1976
- "You'll Never Walk Alone". Thelettermen.com. Retrieved 2011-04-20.
- Columbia Catalog Number DB4816"
- "You'll Never Walk Alone". Youtube.com (Liverpool FC's Channel). Retrieved 2011-12-27.
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March 27, 1954 – May 15, 1954
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"Do You Love Me" by Brian Poole and The Tremeloes
|UK number-one single
(Gerry & The Pacemakers version)
October 31, 1963 (four weeks)
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"19" by Paul Hardcastle
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June 9, 1985 (two weeks)
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("What Becomes of the Brokenhearted" / "Saturday Night at the Movies" / "You'll Never Walk Alone")
November 3, 1996 (two weeks)
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