You've Got a Friend

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"You've Got a Friend"
Single by James Taylor
from the album Mud Slide Slim and the Blue Horizon
B-side "You Can Close Your Eyes"
Released 1971
Format 7"
Genre Folk rock, soft rock
Length 4:29
Label Warner Bros.
Writer(s) Carole King
Producer(s) Peter Asher
James Taylor singles chronology
"Country Road"
(1971)
"You've Got a Friend"
(1971)
"Long Ago and Far Away"
(1971)
Music sample
"You've Got a Friend"
You've Got a Friend Carole King label.jpeg
Scandinavian single with "Beautiful" on the b-side
Song by Carole King from the album Tapestry
Released 1971
Genre Soft rock
Length 5:09
Label Ode/A&M
Writer Carole King
Producer Lou Adler
Tapestry track listing
"Way Over Yonder"
(6)
"You've Got a Friend"
(7)
"Where You Lead"
(8)

"You've Got a Friend" is a 1971 song written by Carole King. It was first recorded by King, and included in her album Tapestry, although the better known version is by James Taylor from his album Mud Slide Slim, which was released as a single in 1971, and reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number 4 on the UK Singles Chart. The two versions were recorded simultaneously in 1971 with shared musicians.

"You've Got a Friend" won Grammy Awards both for Taylor (Best Male Pop Vocal Performance) and King (Song of the Year). Dozens of other artists have recorded the song over the years, including Dusty Springfield, Michael Jackson and Donny Hathaway.

History[edit]

James Taylor and Carole King at the 2010 Troubadour Reunion Tour

"You've Got a Friend" was written by Carole King during the January 1971 recording sessions for her own album Tapestry, and James Taylor's album Mud Slide Slim. King has stated that "the song was as close to pure inspiration as I've ever experienced. The song wrote itself. It was written by something outside myself, through me."[1] King's album was recorded in an overlap with Taylor's, and King, Danny Kortchmar, and Joni Mitchell perform on both. The song is included on both albums; King said in a 1972 interview that she "didn't write it with James or anybody really specifically in mind. But when James heard it he really liked it and wanted to record it".[2]

Taylor's version was released as a single, and reached number 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 and number 4 on the UK Singles Chart. The James Taylor version also spent one week at the top of the Easy Listening charts.[3] Billboard ranked it as the No. 17 song for 1971.[4]

During the recording process, Taylor also offered to his Apple Records labelmate Mary Hopkin a chance to record the song, which she turned down, a decision she later said she strongly regretted.[5]

James Taylor and Carole King performed "You've Got a Friend" together in 2010 during their Troubadour Reunion Tour.

Reception[edit]

According to author James D. Perone, the song's themes include an expression of "a universal, sisterly/brotherly, agape-type love of one human being for another, regardless of gender."[6] The "reassuring" lyrics have long made the song popular with lonely people needing a boost of self-confidence.[7][8] The song's messages of friendship having no boundaries and a friend being there when you are in need has universal appeal.[9] For Taylor the lyrics had particular resonance due to the depression he had recovered from shortly before hearing King play the song.[7] The music moves between a major and minor key, which according to music critic Maury Dean gives the song a "sympathetic mood."[9]

In his review of Tapestry, Rolling Stone Magazine critic Jon Landau called "You've Got a Friend" Carole King's "most perfect new song."[10] He particularly praised how the melody and lyrics support each other, and the "gorgeous, righteous rock melody" of the ending lyrics.[10] Mojo Magazine considered the song to probably be "the core of Tapestry.[1] Allmusic critic Stewart Mason commented on the "plainspoken intimacy" of King's performance.[11] Mason finds that the "shyness" of King's voice gives her recording of the song a sincerity that he finds Taylor's to lack.[11] Mason also praises the "depth and shading" provided by the string instruments on King's recording.[11]

In his review of Mud Slide Slim and the Blue Horizon, Rolling Stone critic Ben Gerson described "You've Got a Friend" as an "affirmative song," but suggested that James Taylor's version was too similar to Carole King's original version to have been worth including on his album.[12] Music critic Maury Dean describes Taylor's performance style for the song as minimalist and folkish and comments on his "star-spangled sincerity."[9]

Other versions released as singles[edit]

The song was recorded by Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway for their 1972 album Roberta Flack & Donny Hathaway, and was released as the album's first single. The single was released a year before the album was, and coincidentally was released on the same date as James Taylor's single: May 29, 1971. The Flack and Hathaway version reached #29 on the Billboard Hot 100, and #8 on the R&B chart.

"You've Got a Friend" was performed by Celine Dion, Shania Twain, Gloria Estefan, and Carole King at the VH1 Divas Live concert in Beacon Theatre, New York, 1998.[13] It was released as a single and reached number 74 on the Belgian Flanders Airplay Chart.[14]

In 2004, English R&B singer Javine released her cover of the song as half of a double A-side single, along with a cover of "Don't Walk Away". Her recording was included in the soundtrack for the 2004 film Garfield.

In 2009, the song was performed collectively by the finalists of Season 2 of the Danish reality TV series X Factor, Alien Beat Club and Linda Andrews, and topped Tracklisten (the Danish Singles Charts) for weeks 8 and 9 in 2009.[citation needed]

Other recordings[edit]

Many other artists have recorded "You've Got a Friend", in a wide variety of styles and languages. Cover versions of the song began almost immediately, with at least ten artists around the world releasing recordings of the song in 1971 alone, including two (Andy Williams and Johnny Mathis) who titled their albums You've Got a Friend. The song was also recorded in 1971 by Dusty Springfield for her third album for Atlantic Records, but a dispute with the company meant the album was unreleased. The song was left unissued until 1999, when it was issued as a bonus track for the Rhino Records deluxe re-release of Dusty in Memphis.[citation needed]

Instrumental covers[edit]

Live covers[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Tapestry". The Mojo Collection (4th ed.). 
  2. ^ Harvey Kubernik (2008). "Troubadours - Carole King’s Monumental Tapestry Album | American Masters | PBS". pbs.org. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  3. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2002). Top Adult Contemporary: 1961-2001. Record Research. p. 239. 
  4. ^ Billboard Year-End Hot 100 singles of 1971
  5. ^ Interview with Mary Hopkin, Record Collector nr. 108, August 1988
  6. ^ Perone, J.D. (2006). The Words and Music of Carole King. Greenwood Publishing. p. 40. ISBN 9780275990275. 
  7. ^ a b Halperin, Ian (2003). Fire and Rain: The James Taylor Story. Citadel. pp. 128–129. ISBN 978 0806523484. 
  8. ^ White, T. (2009). Long Ago and Far Away. Omnibus Press. p. 190. ISBN 9780857120069. 
  9. ^ a b c Dean, M. (2003). Rock 'n' Roll Gold Rush. Algora. pp. 254–255. ISBN 0875862071. 
  10. ^ a b Landau, J. (April 29, 1971). "Tapestry". Rolling Stone Magazine. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  11. ^ a b c Mason, S. "You've Got a Friend". Allmusic. Retrieved 2014-04-22. 
  12. ^ Gerson, B. (June 24, 1971). "Mud Slide Slim and the Blue Horizon". Rolling Stone Magazine. Retrieved 2014-04-13. 
  13. ^ Glatzer, Jenna (2005). Céline Dion: For Keeps. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 0-7407-5559-5. 
  14. ^ Jaspers, Sam (2006). Ultratop 1995-2005. Book & Media Publishing. ISBN 90-5720-232-8. 
  15. ^ "A Song for You overview". Allmusic.com. 
  16. ^ "Michael Lington - A Song for You". SmoothViews.com. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
"Indian Reservation" by The Raiders
Billboard Hot 100 number-one single (James Taylor version)
July 31, 1971 (one week)
Succeeded by
"How Can You Mend a Broken Heart" by Bee Gees
Preceded by
"It's Too Late" by Carole King
Billboard Easy Listening number-one single (James Taylor version)
July 31, 1971 (one week)
Succeeded by
"If Not for You" by Olivia Newton-John
Preceded by
"Poker Face" by Lady Gaga
Danish Singles Chart number-one single (X Factor Finalisterne 2009 version)
February 27, 2009 (two weeks)
Succeeded by
"Kun for mig" by Medina