Youlgreave

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 53°10′30″N 1°41′13″W / 53.175°N 1.687°W / 53.175; -1.687

Youlgreave
Youlgreavevillage.jpg
Youlgreave village Centre
Youlgreave is located in Derbyshire
Youlgreave
Youlgreave
 Youlgreave shown within Derbyshire
OS grid reference SK209642
District Derbyshire Dales
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BAKEWELL
Postcode district DE45
Dialling code 01629
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament West Derbyshire
List of places
UK
England
Derbyshire

Youlgreave or Youlgrave About this sound listen  is a village in the Derbyshire Peak District, lying on the River Bradford, four kilometres south of Bakewell. Both spellings are used on different local signposts and on different maps. The name possibly derives from "yellow grove" (the ore mined locally being yellow in colour),[1][2] though historically the village was called "Giolgrave".[3] The village is locally known as "Pommie".[4][5] The population of the parish in 1991 was 1256;[6] it is one of the largest villages wholly within the Peak District National Park.

Youlgrave stands on the hillside above the confluence of Lathkill Dale and Bradford Dale.

As well as three public houses – The Bulls Head Hotel, George Hotel and Farmyard Inn – the village has a filling station (Youlgreave Garage), a doctors' surgery and two shops (one with a post office annex).

Three long-distance paths, the Alternative Pennine Way, the Limestone Way and the White Peak Way, pass through the village, swelling the numbers of walkers.

History[edit]

Youlgreave was mentioned in the Domesday book as belonging to Henry de Ferrers[7] and being worth sixteen shillings.[8]

It has a mediaeval parish church with a 12th-century font.

There are also a number of historic buildings in the village, such as Old Hall Farm (1630), Thimble Hall and The Old Hall (c1650).

Most of the village's households get their water from Youlgreave Water Works Limited, one of very few private water companies in Britain. It came about when Youlgreave Friendly Society for Women helped to set up a fund to pipe water from Mawstone springs into the village. In the 1930s, as new houses were built and older ones were modernised with bathrooms and toilets, water often became short. In 1932 the main underground pipe cracked after an explosion in Mawstone lead mine. Springs at Harthill were connected to the system in 1949 and other major improvements followed. Most homes in the village could be supplied with local water until there were just too many new houses to cope with. Extra supplies are purchased from larger water companies nowadays

In 1932 five of six miners working on a ventilation fan at Mawstone Mine were killed after an explosion filled the gallery with carbon monoxide. The sixth miner was able to reach the surface and raise the alarm. A rescue party of two workers and the mine manager descended into the mine, but were themselves killed by the fumes. Although Mawstone Mine was eventually closed, a water supply for the village is still obtained from this site.[9]

Names[edit]

The following is a list of spellings of the name of ‘the most mis-spelt village’ as compiled by local historian and former teacher at Youlgreave school, Mr J W Shimwell:

Giolgrave, Yolgrave, Jalgrave, Hyolgrave, Hyolegrave, Yolgreff, Yoleg, Yolegreve, Yolegrave, Youlgraue, Welegreve, Yoelgreve, Oelgreve, Yelegreve, Yeolegreve, Yolgreave, Yolgreve, Yollegreve, Jol've, Zolgrelf, Yollgreve, Yoligrewe, Yollegrewe, Youlgreve, Zolgreff, Youlgrave, Yolgreyva, Yolgreyve, Yeolgreave, Youlgreave, Yellegrave, Yollogreve, Yollograve, Yeollgreave, Youldgreave, Yograve, Isgrave, Yalgrove, Yolegreue, Jolegreue, lolegrave, Jholegreve, Yelegrave, Yellegrave, Iolgrave, Yholgreve, Yelgreve, Zolgreve,

It is only recently that the Highways Department has used 'Youlgrave', and the Ordnance Survey still use 'Youlgreave', so the argument continues.

Tourism[edit]

Due to its scenic location in the Peak District, Youlgreave is a popular destination for hikers.[10] The Limestone Way passes through Bradford Dale, immediately south of the village. Langley Park School for Boys owns a building in the village, which is used for school trips, with students taking part in various local sporting activities, and a visit to nearby Alton Towers.

The Youlgreave Festival, first founded in 2001, is becoming an increasingly popular event, offering local artists and musicians a chance to showcase their talents.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ White Peak Walks, The Northern Dales, Mark Richards, 1985 ISBN 0-902363-53-0
  2. ^ Peak District online
  3. ^ Genuki site
  4. ^ Peak District online
  5. ^ Dining pubs in Youlgreave
  6. ^ Peak District population
  7. ^ Henry was given a large number of manors in Derbyshire including Doveridge, Breaston, Duffield and Cowley.
  8. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.748
  9. ^ Richard Woolley Mawstone Mine Disaster - 75 years on Matlock Mercury May 2007
  10. ^ "Youlgreave", aboutderbyshire, accessed 15 September 2009
  11. ^ History of Youlgravefest, Official Site, accessed 15 September 2009

External links[edit]