Young Man Afraid Of His Horses
|Tribe||Oglala Sioux chief|
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation
|Native name||Tȟašúŋke Kȟokípȟapi, also translated as His-Horses-Are-Afraid and They-Fear-Even-His-Horses|
|Known for||Fought under Red Cloud in Red Cloud's War; negotiator for the Sioux Nation after the Wounded Knee Massacre; served on delegations to Washington, D.C.|
|Resting place||Makansan Presbyterian Cemetery near Oglala, South Dakota|
|Parents||Chief Old Man Afraid of His Horses (1800–1889)|
|Relatives||Grandfather, Old Chief Smoke; uncle, Red Cloud|
Young-Man-Afraid-Of-His-Horses [Tȟašúŋke Kȟokípȟapi] (1836–1900), also translated as His-Horses-Are-Afraid and They-Fear-Even-His-Horses, was a chief of the Oglala Sioux. Commonly misinterpreted, his name means They fear his horse or His horse is feared meaning that the bearer of the name was so feared in battle that even the sight of his horse would inspire fear. He is known for his participation in Red Cloud's War, as a negotiator for the Sioux Nation after the Wounded Knee Massacre, and for serving on delegations to Washington, D.C.
They-Fear-Even-His-Horses was born in 1836 to the Chief Old Man Afraid of His Horses (1800–1889). In 1866, he joined forces as a lieutenant under Red Cloud when the Dakota resisted attempts by the United States government to build the Montana trail through the Sioux hunting grounds of Powder River, resulting in a two year conflict known as Red Cloud's War. After the peace settlement in 1868, Young-Man-Afraid-Of-His-Horses retired to the Pine Ridge Agency in South Dakota serving as first president of the Pine Ridge Indian Council in 1883. He was the first grandson of the Old Chief Smoke (1774–1864). Young Man Afraid was supposed to inherit the original line of leadership of the Oglala Lakota Sioux after his father Chief Old Man Afraid in 1889. But his uncle Red Cloud had too much power at the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868.[clarification needed]
A strong supporter of friendly relations with the Federal government, he attended several delegations to Washington, D.C. for improved treatment as well as an acting negotiator with federal authorities to assist the Sioux Nation in adjusting to reservation life before and after the Wounded Knee Massacre before his death in 1900. He died on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. He is buried in Makansan Presbyterian Cemetery near Oglala, South Dakota.
- Hanson, James. Famous Indians of Northwest Nebraska. Chadron, Nebraska: Chadron Centennial, 1983.
- Humfreville, James Lee. Twenty Years Among Our Hostile Indians. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2002. ISBN 0-8117-2814-5. Online PDF at cimmray.us
- Grant, Bruce. The Concise Encyclopedia of the American Indian. New York: Wings Books, 2000. ISBN 0-517-69310-0
- Dakota-Lakota-Nakota Human Rights Advocacy Coalition: Chief Young-Man-Afraid-Of-His-Horses
- Access Genealogy Indian Tribal Records - Oglala Indian Chiefs and Leaders
- WesternOutlaw.com - Young Man Afraid of His Horses at the Wayback Machine (archived March 4, 2009)
- Chief Young Man Afraid of His Horses at FindAGrave.com