Young and Jackson Hotel

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Young and Jackson
IMG 6338 Young and Jackson, Melbourne, Australia.jpg
General information
Address Corner of Flinders and Swanston Streets, Melbourne
Coordinates 37°49′02″S 144°58′00″E / 37.817196°S 144.966702°E / -37.817196; 144.966702
Opening 1861

Young and Jackson is a pub in Melbourne, Australia, at the corner of Flinders Street and Swanston Street. It is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register.


The site was purchased by John Batman in 1837 at Melbourne's first Crown land sale. On the site was built a home for his children, which became a schoolhouse in 1839. Warehouses were erected on the site after the schoolhouse was razed in 1853. The Princes Bridge Hotel opened there on 1 July 1861. The Hotel was renamed to Young and Jackson after the Irish diggers who took it over in 1875, Henry Young and Thomas Jackson.[1]

The hotel is an amalgamation of five separate buildings of two and three storeys, with the original 1853 bluestone building designed as a three-storey residence, with a butcher's shop on the ground floor. It was later extended in both directions, with all buildings rendered and painted to match each other by the 1920s.[1] Since the 1920s the exterior hotel has been dominated by large advertising signs, even to this day.


The pub is well known for the nude painting Chloé, painted by French artist Jules Joseph Lefebvre in 1875. The painting is oil on canvas measuring a life size 260 x 139 cm. It was purchased for 850 guineas by Dr Thomas Fitzgerald of Lonsdale Street in Melbourne. After being hung in the National Gallery of Victoria for three weeks in 1883, it was withdrawn from exhibition because of the uproar created especially by the Presbyterian Assembly. It was bought for the Young and Jackson Hotel in 1908 for 800 pounds,[1] and was damaged in 1943 by an American serviceman who threw a glass of beer at it.


A young Parisian artist’s model named Marie was immortalised as Chloe. Little is known of her, except she was approximately 19 years of age at the time of painting. About two years later, Marie, after throwing a party for friends, boiled a soup of poisonous matches, drank the concoction and died. The reason for her suicide is thought to be unrequited love.[2]

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