Young rider classification in the Tour de France

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Young rider classification
Sandy.Casar.jpg
The white jersey in the 2004 Tour de France,
worn by Sandy Casar
Award details
Sport Road bicycle racing
Competition Tour de France
Given for Best young rider
Local name Maillot blanc (French)
History
First award 1975
Editions 39
First winner  Francesco Moser (ITA)
Most wins

 Jan Ullrich (GER)
 Andy Schleck (LUX)

3 times
Most recent  Nairo Quintana (COL)

In the Tour de France, there has been an official competition for young riders since 1975. Excluding the years 1989 to 1999, the leader of the young rider classification wore a white jersey. The requirements to be eligible for the young rider classification have changed over the years but have always been such that experienced cyclists were not eligible, sometimes by excluding cyclists over a certain age, cyclists who had entered the Tour de France before, or cyclists who had been professional for more than two years. In the most recent years, only cyclists below 26 years are eligible.

History[edit]

From 1968 to 1975, there was a white jersey awarded in the Tour de France to the lead rider in the combination classification (best rider in the overall, points and climbing competitions). In 1975, this classification was removed, and replaced by the Best Young Rider Classification. Any neo-professional (less than three years professional) competed in this classification, which was calculated using the rankings for the General Classification.[1] The leader in the young rider classification wore a white jersey.

The rules for the young rider classification changed in 1983, when the competition was only open for first-time competitors, but in 1987 it became open for all cyclists less than 26 years of age at 1 January of the year following that tour.[2] From 1989-1999, the white jersey was no longer awarded, although the competition was still calculated. Since 2000, the white jersey has again been awarded, open for all cyclists less than 26 years of age at 1 January of the year following that Tour. In 1997, the name of the competition officially changed to 'Souvenir Fabio Casartelli'.[3] Czech auto manufacturer Škoda has sponsored the white jersey ever since it took over the auto sponsorship of the Tour de France from FIAT in 2003.

Winners[edit]

Since the young rider classification was introduced in 1975, it has been won by 29 different cyclists. Of those, six cyclists also won the yellow jersey during their careers (Fignon, LeMond, Pantani, Ullrich, Contador and Schleck). On four occasions a cyclist has won the young rider classification and the general classification in the same year — Fignon in 1983, Ullrich in 1997, Contador in 2007 and Schleck in 2010. The only cyclist to win the young rider classification and the mountains classification in the same year is Nairo Quintana in 2013. The only cyclists to win the young rider classification in multiple Tours are Marco Pantani (two wins), Ullrich (three wins - also finishing first or second for the general classification on all three of these occasions) and Andy Schleck (three wins).[4]

Year Rider Team GC Position
1975  Francesco Moser (ITA) Filotex 7th
1976  Enrique Martinez-Heredia (ESP) Kas-Campagnolo 23rd
1977  Dietrich Thurau (GER) TI-Raleigh 5th
1978  Henk Lubberding (NED) TI-Raleigh 8th
1979  Jean-Rene Bernaudeau (FRA) Renault 5th
1980  Johan Van der Velde (NED) TI-Raleigh 12th
1981  Peter Winnen (NED) Capri Sonne 5th
1982  Phil Anderson (AUS) Peugeot 5th
1983  Laurent Fignon (FRA) Renault 1st Jersey yellow.svg
1984  Greg LeMond (USA) Renault 3rd
1985  Fabio Parra (COL) Café de Colombia 8th
1986  Andrew Hampsten (USA) La Vie Claire 4th
1987  Raúl Alcalá (MEX) 7-11 9th
1988  Erik Breukink (NED) Panasonic 12th
1989  Fabrice Philipot (FRA)[5] Toshiba 24th
1990  Gilles Delion (FRA) Helvetia 15th
1991  Álvaro Mejía (COL) Ryalco 19th
1992  Eddy Bouwmans (NED) Panasonic-Sportlife 14th
1993  Antonio Martín Velasco (ESP) Amaya Seguros 12th
1994  Marco Pantani (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Tassoni 3rd
1995  Marco Pantani (ITA) Carrera Jeans-Tassoni 13th
1996  Jan Ullrich (GER) Team Telekom 2nd
1997  Jan Ullrich (GER) Team Telekom 1st Jersey yellow.svg
1998  Jan Ullrich (GER) Team Telekom 2nd
1999  Benoît Salmon (FRA) Casino-Ag2r Prévoyance 16th
2000  Francisco Mancebo (ESP) Banesto 9th
2001  Óscar Sevilla (ESP) Kelme-Costa Blanca 7th
2002  Ivan Basso (ITA) Fassa Bortolo 11th
2003  Denis Menchov (RUS) iBanesto.com 11th
2004  Vladimir Karpets (RUS) Illes Balears-Banesto 13th
2005  Yaroslav Popovych (UKR) Discovery Channel 12th
2006  Damiano Cunego (ITA) Lampre-Fondital 12th
2007  Alberto Contador (ESP) Discovery Channel 1st Jersey yellow.svg
2008  Andy Schleck (LUX) Team CSC Saxo Bank 12th
2009  Andy Schleck (LUX) Team Saxo Bank 2nd
2010  Andy Schleck (LUX) Team Saxo Bank 1st Jersey yellow.svg
2011  Pierre Rolland (FRA) Team Europcar 10th
2012  Tejay van Garderen (USA) BMC Racing Team 5th
2013  Nairo Quintana (COL) Movistar Team 2nd Jersey polkadot.svg

By nationality[edit]

Tour de France general classification winners by nationality
Country No. of winning cyclists No. of wins
 France 6 6
 Italy 4 5
 Netherlands 5 5
 Spain 5 5
 Germany 2 4
 Colombia 3 3
 Luxembourg 1 3
 United States 3 3
 Russia 2 2
 Australia 1 1
 Mexico 1 1
 Ukraine 1 1

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cycling Revealed
  2. ^ Tour regulations 2011 (article 25d)
  3. ^ http://www.cvccbike.com/tour/eddy/xtra_bestanden/white.htm
  4. ^ http://autobus.cyclingnews.com/road/2009/tour09/?id=/results/history/tdfhistory#youth
  5. ^ Philipot finished 24th in this Tour, four places behind 24-year-old Alberto Luis Camargo, who would have won the young rider competition, if his directeur sportif had registered him for the competition