Yozgat

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Yozgat
Municipality
A panoramic view of the city center
A panoramic view of the city center
Official logo of Yozgat
Emblem of Yozgat Municipality
Yozgat is located in Turkey
Yozgat
Yozgat
Location in Turkey
Coordinates: 39°49′15″N 34°48′30″E / 39.82083°N 34.80833°E / 39.82083; 34.80833Coordinates: 39°49′15″N 34°48′30″E / 39.82083°N 34.80833°E / 39.82083; 34.80833
Country Turkey
Province Yozgat
Government
 • Mayor Yusuf Başer
Area[1]
 • District 2,054.30 km2 (793.17 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 78,328
 • District 97,094
 • District density 47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Website www.yozgat-bld.gov.tr

Yozgat is a city and the capital district of Yozgat province in the Central Anatolia Region of Turkey. According to 2009 census, population of the district is 645,266 of which 75,853 live in the city of Yozgat.[3]

History[edit]

After the old administrative center of the region, Tavium (Büyüknefes), became ruined, a new centre was created by Çapanoğlu, the founder of a powerful derebey family and called Bozok.[4]

The Ottoman Empire annexed Yozgat in 1398. At around 1911, it was the chief town of a sanjak of the same name in the Ankara Vilayet. There was a trade in yellow madder (Stil de grain yellow) and mohair. The sanjak was very fertile, and contained good breeding-grounds in which cattle, horses and even camels were reared for the local agriculture and foreign trade.

Cuisine[edit]

The most notable dishes of the region are Testi Kebabı (Cruse Kebab) and Arabaşı Çorbası (Arabaşı Soup).

Geography[edit]

The town is located at an elevation of 4,380 ft (1,335 m), situated 105 mi (170 km) east of Ankara, near the head of a narrow valley through which the Ankara–Sivas road runs. Like much of the Anatolian Plateau, the lands around Yozgat have been deforested over thousands of years of human habitation. This makes the climate and weather harsh, in summers and winters. However, Turkey has taken great steps to reforest at least some of the region.

Climate[edit]

Yozgat has a warm dry-summer continental climate (Köppen Climate Classification: Dsb) with cold and snowy winters due to its inland location and warm and dry summers. Hottest month averages at 26 °C (78.8 °F) during the day. Winter temperatures can drop as low as −20 °C (−4.0 °F) at the height of the season.

Climate data for Yozgat (1960-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2.2
(36)
3.5
(38.3)
8.1
(46.6)
13.8
(56.8)
18.6
(65.5)
22.6
(72.7)
26.1
(79)
26.3
(79.3)
22.7
(72.9)
16.9
(62.4)
10.2
(50.4)
4.5
(40.1)
14.63
(58.33)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.9
(28.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
2.9
(37.2)
8.3
(46.9)
13.0
(55.4)
16.8
(62.2)
19.7
(67.5)
19.6
(67.3)
15.5
(59.9)
10.3
(50.5)
4.6
(40.3)
0.5
(32.9)
9.03
(48.24)
Average low °C (°F) −5.4
(22.3)
−4.7
(23.5)
−1.4
(29.5)
3.3
(37.9)
7.2
(45)
10.4
(50.7)
12.9
(55.2)
13.0
(55.4)
9.4
(48.9)
5.4
(41.7)
0.6
(33.1)
−2.7
(27.1)
4
(39.19)
Precipitation mm (inches) 69.0
(2.717)
64.5
(2.539)
64.5
(2.539)
67.0
(2.638)
62.7
(2.469)
41.7
(1.642)
13.3
(0.524)
8.9
(0.35)
18.1
(0.713)
38.5
(1.516)
60.1
(2.366)
81.1
(3.193)
589.4
(23.206)
Avg. rainy days 13.3 13.1 13.3 14.2 14.0 9.2 4.0 3.3 4.8 8.3 10.0 13.3 120.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 93 112 164.3 192 254.2 303 344.1 337.9 270 204.6 138 93 2,506.1
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [1]

Sights[edit]

Yozgat Clock Tower

The main sights of the city of Yozgat are the Yozgat Clock Tower built in 1908 and the Çapanoğlu Mosque built by the Çapanoğlu family, who are the founders of Yozgat. Yozgat Pine Grove National Park is an area of 264 ha (2.64 km2) in which different types of pine trees grow, some up to 500 years old.

Sports[edit]

Bozok Stadium

The city has one professional football teams competing in the top-flight of Turkish football: Yimpaş Yozgatspor, both playing in the Turkish Regional Amateur League.

Notable natives[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ "Turkey". GeoHive. Johan van der Heyden. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Public Domain Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Yuzgat". Encyclopædia Britannica 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 947. 

External links[edit]