Ypsilanti State Hospital

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Coordinates: 42°9′42.52″N 83°41′33.69″W / 42.1618111°N 83.6926917°W / 42.1618111; -83.6926917 The Ypsilanti State Hospital was a hospital that housed and treated patients for mental health disorders. The hospital was located outside of Saline, Michigan on the corners of Platt and Willis roads.

History[edit]

On June 16, 1930 construction for the hospital had begun. Albert Kahn was the architect that had designed the building. Kahn had his own design firm in Detroit, Michigan. The hospital was opened a year after construction had begun. Over the course of the first year the hospital had admitted 922 patients. The estimated cost of living was about eighty cents per day. At the end of World War II The Ypsilanti State Hospital had built two new wards with over 4,000 patients. After adding the two wards, this still brought the hospital over capacity. In 1991, Governor John Engler cut all funding for state hospitals. The Ypsilanti State Hospital was the first to be shut down.[1] The forensic center stayed open until 2001, but when the hospital closed this left many patients homeless. They were left with nothing; most of the patients had lost contact with family and friends too. The Ypsilanti State Hospital had been abandoned for sixteen years before being demolished in 2006. Toyota bought the property to develop the Toyota Technical Center on the site, and all the remnants of the hospital are gone.

Treatments[edit]

The Ypsilanti State Hospital had many different types of therapy and treatments for their patients. Within the hospitals first five years it had been open, there were 13,329 different treatments. These treatments are broken up into two different categories. Hydrotherapy and physiotherapy.

Hydrotherapy[edit]

Hydrotherapy is a type of treatment based on an assortment of treatments dealing with water. Some of these treatments were needle showers, fan douches, jet douches, salt glows, general messages, local messages, sitz baths, foot baths, ultraviolet radiations, electric light cabinet baths, bubble baths, hot fomentation's, colloidal baths, and surgical dressings.[2]

Physiotherapy[edit]

Physiotherapy is a treatment that exposes the patient to ultra-violet and infrared lights. Some of these treatments included ultra-violet light, infrared light, electric bake, and diathermy. In 1937 the Ypsilanti State Hospital was introduced to several different shock therapies, including electric shock.[3]

Three Christs of Ypsilanti[edit]

In, 1959 there were three schizophrenic patients who became quite famous. Each of them believed he was God. A book about them is titled The Three Christs of Ypsilanti. Milton Rokeach, author of the book, was a social psychologist. He put the three men in contact with each other in an effort to determine whether one or more would abandon his delusions of divinity as a result of being in contact with others. Little change in their beliefs was recorded, although one showed temporary improvement. The three men stayed in residence at the hospital for the remainder of their lives.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ypsilanti State Hospital." Opacity. Ed. Tom Kirsch. Web. 1 Nov. 2009. <http://www.opacity.us/site102_ypsilanti_state_hospital.htm>.
  2. ^ "Ypsilanti State Hospital." Opacity. Ed. Tom Kirsch. Web. 1 Nov. 2009. <http://www.opacity.us/site102_ypsilanti_state_hospital.htm>.
  3. ^ # ^ "Ypsilanti State Hospital." Opacity. Ed. Tom Kirsch. Web. 1 Nov. 2009. <http://www.opacity.us/site102_ypsilanti_state_hospital.htm>.
  4. ^ Bell, Vaughan (2010-05-26). "Jesus, Jesus, Jesus". Slate.com. Washington Post. Retrieved 2010-05-28. 

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