Ysselsteyn

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For the municipality in the province of Utrecht, see IJsselstein.
Ysselsteyn German war cemetery
German War Graves Commission
Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge.
CemeteryYsselsteyn3.jpg
Cemetery Ysselsteyn
Used for those deceased 1939–1945
Established 1946
Location 51°28′08″N 5°53′27″E / 51.46889°N 5.89083°E / 51.46889; 5.89083
near Venray, Netherlands
Total burials 31,598
Burials by nation
Germany and German Hiwis (many Hiwis from Georgia)
Burials by war
World War I (85); World War II (31,513);

Ysselsteyn is a small village in the municipality of Venray in Limburg, Netherlands. It was established in 1921 and named after its designer, Hendrik Albert van IJsselsteyn, then Minister of Agriculture.[1]

Ysselsteyn's main object of interest is the German war cemetery at Timmermansweg 75, which covers about 28 hectare or 70 acres and contains the graves of 31,598 German war dead, most of whom who died in the Netherlands during World War II. The war dead include Germans, Dutch, Poles and Russians who fought on the side of the German military. About 3,000 are war dead from the Battle of the Bulge in the Ardennes and Hürtgenwald that were initially interred next to the Netherlands American Cemetery in Margraten. In a circle near the entrance are 85 German soldiers who fell in World War I and whose bodies ended up in the Netherlands by floating down rivers, mainly the Meuse. (The Netherlands were neutral in World War I.) Almost all of the burials are in individual graves marked by a gray concrete cross. A tall cross stands in the central memorial plaza. The roads extending right and left from the plaza contain a carillon, common graves, and a memorial stone honoring the Dutch captain Johann Ludwig Timmermans, who served as manager of the cemetery from 1948 to 1976 on behalf of the Dutch government, and whose ashes were scattered at the cemetery at his request after his death. Ysselsteyn is the largest German war cemetery in the world.[2]

Ysselsteyn German war cemetery is now the only German war cemetery in the Netherlands as after World War II all German fatalities were concentrated there. Since 1976 it is administered by the German War Graves Commission, the Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge.

Next to the cemetery is Youth Meeting Centre Ysselsteyn, a youth camp and education center.

Gallery[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ ter Laan, K. et al. ed. (1942). Van Goor's aardrijkskundig woordenboek van Nederland (in Dutch). Den Haag: Van Goor Zonen. 
  2. ^ "Ysselsteyn Cemetery". German War Graves Commission. Retrieved 31 March 2012. 

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