Ystrad Mynach shown within Caerphilly
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Ystrad Mynach is a town in the County Borough of Caerphilly, within the ancient county of Glamorgan, Wales, and is 5 miles north of Caerphilly town. It has a population of around 13,500 and stands in the Rhymney Valley . Before the Industrial Revolution and the coming of coal mining in the South Wales Coalfield the valley was rural and farmed . It lies in the community of Gelligaer.
Origin of the name
In the Welsh language, ystrad is a wide flat bottomed valley. The termination ach is associated with the names of marshy floodplains of rivers and is also found nearby in the names Llanbradach and Llancaiach. Ystrad Mynach is a corruption of Ystrad-Man-Ach (man = place) and is not derived from the Welsh mynach meaning monk. Prior to erection of defences on the River Rhymney in the 1960s the town was indeed subject to periodic flooding.
Amenities and history
The town houses a number of council offices, as well as Ystrad Mynach College, a further education college established in 1959 to provide training for local coal miners and now claiming a roster of over 12,000 students.
The nearby Penallta Colliery  was the last coal mine to close in the valley . Other notable buildings and structures are the Ystrad Mynach railway station , opened in 1890, the viaduct , a sculpture to commemorate the areas industrial heritage , a community hospital, a number of schools, and the Beech Tree, Coopers Arms and Royal Oak pubs.
From 1927 to 1996, Ystrad Mynach hosted the 'F' division headquarters of Glamorgan Constabulary (from 1968, South Wales Police).
Ystrad Mynach railway station was a location for one of Ronnie Barker's Porridge episodes. Records show that Ystrad Mynach railway station was in existence in 1857, when it was known as Ystrad Junction.
A new Local General Hospital Ysbyty Ystrad Fawr was opened in late 2011. Work started on the Ystrad Fawr site in September 2007. It is located between the A469 Caerphilly to Newbridge Road and the old Caerphilly Road between Ystrad Mynach and Llanbradach. This replaced the services provided by the previous Ystrad Mynach Hospital.
Situated to the north of Ystrad Mynach, is a collection of houses called Tredomen; these houses were built to house the workers of the since-demolished "Tredomen Works". This collection of houses is one of the best examples of socially graded houses in the world - ranging from two-up two-down, to a five-bedroom manor in Park Lane with adjoining servants' quarters.
Mobile telecommunications technology
There are four mobile phone masts in Ystrad Mynach operated by 3 (3G), Vodafone (2G), O2 (2G) and EE (2G + 3G) (previously T-Mobile. 3 has plans to build a new Ultrafast mast, which will provide a much faster service, it will start off with the DC-HSDPA technology and then will upgrade to LTE, the full speed 4G technology.
Notable natives / residents
Penallta Rugby Football Club
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ystrad Mynach.|
- Ystrad Mynach College
- Welsh Coal Mines - check out the local pit history
- An old photo of Ystrad Mynach in 1938
- Gelligaer Urban District Council (1959). The Gelligaer Story. Gelligaer Urban District Council.
- "£172m Ystrad Mynach hospital opens on time and within budget (From Campaign Series)". Campaignseries.co.uk. 2011-09-27. Retrieved 2013-04-22.
- "Internet Generic Sites". Clinicalfuturesgwent.wales.nhs.uk. 2005-03-30. Retrieved 2013-04-22.