|Hangul||유 also 류|
|Hanja||劉, 兪, 庾, 柳|
|Revised Romanization||Yu also Ryu|
|McCune–Reischauer||Yu also Ryu|
Yoo (also spelled Yu or Ryu) is the English transliteration of several Korean surnames written as 유 or 류 in Hangul. It is derived from the Chinese surnames Liu and Yu. As of 2000, there were roughly a million people surnamed Yoo in South Korea, making up approximately two percent of the country's population. Of those, the most common is Ryu (Hanja:柳, Hangul:류), with more than six hundred thousand holders, whereas Yu (Hanja:兪, Hangul:유) accounts for about a hundred thousand.
According to Chinese legend, Yu is an ancient surname in China. The ancestors of the surname were closely linked with the ancient sage-king named Yu Shun. In Korea, the Yoo lineage can be traced back to the Xia, Han, and Joseon dynasties. Holders of the surname Yu had a reputation for charity and diligence. Some sources indicate the existence of as many as 230 clans, but only about twenty can be positively documented. Several of the clans are of Chinese origin.
The family name Yoo can be represented by any of the four Hanja: 劉, 兪, 柳 and 庾, each representing a different meaning depending on its origin. In Korean, only the character 柳 specifically refers to 류 (Ryu), whereas the characters 劉, 兪, and 庾 refers to 유 (Yu) and is spelled as such; because of its irregular romanization, from Hanja to Hangul to English. It is during the transliteration from Korean to English that 류 (Ryu) and 유 (Yu) are mistakenly misspelled the same.
The largest Ryu clan, the Munhwa Ryoo (柳), was founded by a man named Ch’a Tal. Ch’a’s fifth great-grandfather had been involved in an attempt to overthrow the Silla king. To avoid prosecution, the ancestor fled to Munhwa and changed his surname, first to that of his maternal grandmother, Yang, and then to Ryoo. Many years later, Ch’a Tal assisted Wang Kŏn to establish the Koryŏ Kingdom. Ch’a was recognized for his support and was rewarded accordingly. Ch’a’s eldest son began again to use the Ch’a surname, but his younger son continued to use Ryoo. The Munhwa Ryoo clan, along with the Andong Kwŏn clan, possesses one of the oldest extant clan genealogies in Korea. Only the character 柳 is commonly pronounced Ryu or Ryoo (류). (see Munhwa Ryoo) The surname "Ryoo" comes from the character meaning willow tree. Hence, the lineage is also called "willow Ryoo" (버들 류씨).
Surname: Hanja: 兪, Hangul:유, Pinyin: Yu. During the time of the legendary emperor Huang Di (2697–2595 bc), there lived an extraordinary doctor who could cure all manner of diseases. Because of his great abilities, he was called Yu, which meant ‘to heal’. His descendants adopted a modified form of this character as their surname.
- Ryoo Cha-dal
- Yoo Chang, founder of the "Myogeumdo" (劉) Yoos (sometimes known as the "Gangneung Yoo clan"), who was among the founders of the Joseon Dynasty.
- Yu Deuk-gong
- Yu Eung-bu, one of the Six martyred ministers during the Joseon Dynasty.
- Ryu Gwan-sun
- Yu Hyeong-won
- Yu Kil-chun, of the Gigye Yoo clan originally from Pohang
- Yu Seong-won, one of the Six martyred ministers during the Joseon Dynasty.
- Yu Seong-ryong
- Yu Su-won, politician and Neo-Confucianism scholar and the early Silhak school philosopher of the Joseon Dynasty.
- Il-han New
- Yoo Ah-in (stage name), an actor
- Yu Anjin, Korean poet
- Yoo Ara, a singer, leader of Hello Venus
- Yoo Chae-yeong, an actress and singer
- Yoo Chang-hyun (better known as Ricky), a member of Teen Top
- Yoo Dong-geun, an actor
- Yoo Hae-jin, an actor
- Yoo In-na, an actress
- Yoo In Young, an actress
- Yoo Jae-Seok, a TV presenter, Host of Running Man and Host-in-chief of Infinite Challenge
- Yoo Ji-tae, an actor and director
- Yoo Jun-sang, an actor
- Yoo Sang-Chul, a soccer player
- Yoo Seung-ho, an actor
- Yoo Soo-Young (also known as "Shoo"), a singer and actress
- Yoo Yeon-seok (stage name), an actor
- Yoo Yong-sung, a badminton player
- Yoo Young-ho, sculptor
- Yoo Young Jae, a member of South Korean band B.A.P
- Yoo Young-jin, a songwriter
- Ryoo Ryong, a scientist
- Ryoo Seung-bum, an actor
- Ryoo Seung-wan, a director
- Ryu Deok-hwan, an actor
- Ryu Hwayoung, a former member of T-ARA
- Ryu Hyoyoung, a member of F-ve Dolls
- Ryu Hyun-Jin, a professional baseball player
- Ryu Hyun-kyung, an actress
- Ryu Sera, a member of Nine Muses
- Ryu Seung-Min, a professional table tennis player
- Ryu Seung-ryong, an actor
- Ryu Seung-soo, an actor and writer
- Ryu Seung-Woo, a soccer player
- Ryu Shikun, a professional Go player
- Ryu Shi-won, an actor and singer
- Ryu Soo-young (stage name), an actor
- Ryu Jin (stage name), an actor
- Rhyu Si-min, a politician, 2007 presidential candidate of the UNDP Primary
- Jae Kuk Ryu, a professional baseball pitcher for the Tampa Bay Devil Rays
- Aaron Yoo, a Korean-American actor
- Christopher Yoo, a professor of Law, Communication, and Computer and Information Science at the University of Pennsylvania Law School
- John Yoo, a professor of law at the University of California, Berkeley, best known for his work from 2001 to 2003 in the U.S. Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel
- Yoo Gun Hyung, a songwriter who co-wrote "Gangnam Style"
|This page or section lists people with the surname Yoo. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.|
- rank 19th with 603,084 people, KOSTAT(Korea National Statistical Office), 2000.