|11th Chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party|
January 15, 2006 – September 21, 2007
|Preceded by||Su Tseng-chang|
|Succeeded by||Chen Shui-bian|
|Premier of the Republic of China|
1 February 2002 – 1 February 2005
|Preceded by||Chang Chun-hsiung|
|Succeeded by||Frank Hsieh|
|Vice Premier of the Republic of China|
20 May 2000 – 27 July 2000
|Preceded by||Liu Chao-shiuan|
|Succeeded by||Chang Chun-hsiung|
|Magistrate of Yilan County|
20 December 1989 – 20 December 1997
|Preceded by||Chen Ding-nan|
|Succeeded by||Liu Shou-ch'eng|
April 25, 1948 |
Dongshan, Yilan County, Taiwan
|Nationality||Republic of China|
|Political party||Democratic Progressive Party (-present)
Chinese Youth Party (1966-1975)
|Alma mater||Tunghai University|
Yu Shyi-kun (Chinese: 游錫堃, born April 25, 1948), a Taiwanese politician of the Democratic Progressive Party, is a former chairman of the Democratic Progressive Party in Taiwan. He previously served as Premier of the Republic of China from 2002 to 2005. As one of the founding members of the DPP, he is seen as a loyalist of President Chen Shui-bian.
Born in Taihe Village (太和村), Dongshan Township, Yilan County, Yu was raised in a poor tenant farming family. When he was 13, his house was destroyed by flood waters during Typhoon Pamela, and his father died of tuberculosis in the same year. He quit junior high school to work full-time on his family farm.
At 19, he studied at the supplementary night school of the Lotung Commercial High School. He moved to Taipei to enroll in the supplementary school of the Hsihu Commercial and Industrial High School. He studied international commerce at the Chihlee Institute of Technology (致理商專) and public administration at the National Chung Hsing University. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in politics in Tunghai University in 1985 at the age of 37.
Rise in politics
In 1981 he was elected a member of the Taiwan Provincial Assembly for Yilan County. Yu, Su Tseng-chang, and Hsieh San-sheng made the so-called "iron triangle" in the Assembly. The three were the only members ever to resign from the Assembly.
From 1983 to 1984 he was the Tangwai Secretary-General. He became Convener of Tangwai National Election Backing Committee in 1986. As a founding member of the Democratic Progressive Party, he was a member of its Central Committee from 1984 to 1986 and its Central Standing Committee from 1986 to 1990 when he was elected a Magistrate of Ilan County, during which he was a member of the Educational Reform Committee of the Executive Yuan from 1994 to 1996. In his second term of magistrate, Environmental Protection (環保立縣), Tourism (觀光立縣), Information Promotion (資訊立縣), and Culture (文化立縣) were his four main goals in administration. The successful planning and execution let him ranked the first one of 27 mayors/magistrates in Taiwan. After the completion of his two terms as magistrate in 1997, he was in 1998 appointed Chairman of the Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation by then Mayor Chen Shui-bian. He resigned in 1999 to become Secretary-General of the Democratic Progressive Party.
In July 2000, four construction workers were trapped by the rising floodwaters of Pachang Creek. As local and central government authorities squabbled for three hours over who would send out a rescue helicopter, the men drowned. In the public outrage that ensued, officials up the chain of command, including Premier Tang, tendered their resignations. Vice Premier Yu, who was also chairman of the Committee of Disaster Relief and Prevention, had his resignation accepted.
Six months later, Yu rejoined the administration as Secretary-General to the Office of the President and served until his promotion to the premiership on February 1, 2002.
As premier, Yu defended the administration's position on the peace referendum and promoted a NT$610.8 billion arms procurement package in 2004. He caused some minor controversy when he used the designation "Taiwan, ROC" on an official visit to Honduras. Chen later said he preferred "Taiwan." In September 2004, he directed the government to refer to the People's Republic of China in official documents as simply "China" as opposed to "mainland China" or "Communist China" as was previously done in order to highlight a "separate Taiwanese identity." This move was not endorsed by the Presidential Office and the Mainland Affairs Council clarified that it would only apply to internal documents.
Yu and his cabinet resigned en masse following the pan-Green Coalition failure to gain a majority in the 2004 legislative elections. In the ensuing cabinet shuffle, Yu was returned to the presidential office as secretary-general and succeeded as premier by Frank Hsieh.
On January 15, 2006 he was elected chairman of the Democratic Progressive Party with 54% of the vote.
Yu was a candidate for the DPP nomination for the 2008 presidential election. But he could win only 22,211 of the 140,720 votes, and declared his withdrawal in favor of former premier Frank Hsieh, who won 62,849 votes.
Alleged corruption charges
On September 21, 2007, Yu was indicted on charges of corruption by the Supreme Prosecutor's Office of Taiwan. Yu faces charges of embezzlement and of using false receipts to write-off expenses totaling over US$70,000 from a special governmental account. He resigned his post as chairperson of the Democratic Progressive Party later that same day. Vice President Annette Lu and National Security Office secretary-general Mark Chen were also indicted on corruption charges on the same day.
- "游錫堃". Taiwan Provincial Consultative Council. Retrieved 2012-12-02.
- "Yu Shyi-kun". Government Information Office. Retrieved 2007-11-02.
- "Taiwan's top party picks new boss". BBC. January 15, 2006. Retrieved 2007-11-02.
- "Frank Hsieh wins DPP primaries". The China Post. Taiwan (ROC). May 7, 2007. Retrieved 2007-11-02.
- Jane Rickards (September 22, 2007). "Taiwan's Vice President, 2 Others Charged With Corruption". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2007-11-02.
|Magistrate of Yilan County
|Premier of the ROC
|Party political offices|
Annette Lu (acting)
|Chairperson of the DPP