Yucatan woodpecker

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Yucatan woodpecker
Melanerpes pygmaeus.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Genus: Melanerpes
Species: M. pygmaeus
Binomial name
Melanerpes pygmaeus
(Ridgway, 1885)

Centurus pygmaeus

The Yucatán woodpecker (Melanerpes pygmaeus) is a species of bird in the Picidae family. It is sometime referred to as the red-vented woodpecker.[2]


This woodpecker measures 17 cm (6.7 in) long. Adults are mainly light gray on the face and underparts; they have black and white barred patterns on their back, wings and tail. Adult males have a red cap going from the eye to the nape; females lack a red cap. There is yellow and/or red around the base of the bill. There may be a yellowish tinge to the belly and a red wash to the vent area.[2][3]


The Yucatán woodpecker has 3 subspecies:[4][5]

Range and Habitat[edit]

The Yucatán woodpecker is found in Belize, Honduras, and Mexico, and ranges over the entire Yucatán Peninsula. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, and heavily degraded former forest.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Melanerpes pygmaeus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Van Perlo, Ber (2006). Birds of Mexico and Central America. Princeton University Press. p. plate 54.5. ISBN 978-0-691-12070-6. 
  3. ^ "Red-vented (Yucatan) Woodpecker". http://www.yucabirds.com/. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  4. ^ Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2014. IOC World Bird List (v 4.1). http://www.worldbirdnames.org/
  5. ^ Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

External links[edit]