Yucca aloifolia

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Yucca aloifolia, cultivated, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona (photo by Miwasatoshi)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asparagaceae
Subfamily: Agavoideae
Genus: Yucca
Species: Y. aloifolia
Binomial name
Yucca aloifolia
  • Dracaena lenneana Regel
  • Sarcoyucca aloifolia (L.) Linding.
  • Yucca aloifolia var. arcuata (Haw.) Trel.
  • Yucca aloifolia f. arcuata (Haw.) Voss
  • Yucca aloifolia var. conspicua (Haw.) Engelm.
  • Yucca aloifolia f. conspicua (Haw.) Engelm.
  • Yucca aloifolia f. crenulata (Haw.) Voss
  • Yucca aloifolia var. draconis (L.) Engelm.
  • Yucca aloifolia f. draconis (L.) Voss
  • Yucca aloifolia var. flexifolia J.Bommer
  • Yucca aloifolia var. gigantea Sprenger
  • Yucca aloifolia var. marginata J.Bommer
  • Yucca aloifolia var. menandi Trel.
  • Yucca aloifolia var. purpurea Baker
  • Yucca aloifolia var. quadricolor-variegata Carrière
  • Yucca aloifolia var. roseomarginata Regel
  • Yucca aloifolia var. serratifolia Sprenger
  • Yucca aloifolia var. stenophylla J.Bommer
  • Yucca aloifolia var. tenuifolia (Haw.) Trel.
  • Yucca aloifolia f. tenuifolia (Haw.) Voss
  • Yucca aloifolia f. tenuifolia (Haw.) Trel.
  • Yucca aloifolia var. tricolor J.Bommer
  • Yucca aloifolia var. variegata Naudin
  • Yucca aloifolia var. versicolor Carrière
  • Yucca aloifolia var. yucatana (Engelm) Trel.
  • Yucca arcuata Haw.
  • Yucca atkinsii Baker
  • Yucca conspicua Haw.
  • Yucca crenulata Haw.
  • Yucca draconis L.
  • Yucca haruckeriana Crantz
  • Yucca parmentieri Carrière
  • Yucca jacksonii E.J.Whalen
  • Yucca purpurea Baker
  • Yucca quadricolor Baker
  • Yucca serrulata Haw.
  • Yucca striata auct.
  • Yucca tenuifolia Haw.
  • Yucca tricolor Baker
  • Yucca yucatana Engelm.

Yucca aloifolia[3] is the type species for the genus Yucca. Common names include "Spanish bayonet," "dagger plant," etc. It grows in sandy soils, especially on sand dunes along the coast.

Yucca aloifolia is native to the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the US and Mexico from North Carolina to the Yucatán, and also to Bermuda. It can sometimes be found inland in sandy pine forests. It is also naturalized in Bahamas, Argentina, Uruguay, Italy, Pakistan, South Africa, Queensland, New South Wales, Mauritania, and most of the West Indies.[4][5][6][7][8][9]

Yucca aloifolia is an erect species sometimes attaining a height of 6 m (18 feet). Flowers are white and showy, sometimes tinged purplish, so that the plant is popular as an ornamental. Fruits are elongated, fleshy, up to 5 cm long.[4][10][11][12][13][14]


  1. ^ Tropicos
  2. ^ The Plant List
  3. ^ Linnaeus, Species Plantarum 1: 319. 1753.
  4. ^ a b Flora of North America v 26, p 429. 2006.
  5. ^ CONABIO. 2009. Catálogo taxonómico de especies de México. 1. In Capital Nat. México. CONABIO, Mexico City.
  6. ^ ORSTOM. 1988. List of Vascular Plants of Gabon with Synonymy, Herbier National du Gabon, Yaounde
  7. ^ Nanwal, H, M Hameed, T Nawaz, MSA Ahmad, A Younis. 2012. Structural adaptations for adaptability in some exotic and naturalized species of Agavaceae. Pakistani Journal of Botany 44 (special issue):129.134.
  8. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Yucca aloifolia
  9. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Jucca
  10. ^ Davidse, G., M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater. 1994. Alismataceae a Cyperaceae. 6: i–xvi, 1–543. In G. Davidse, M. Sousa Sánchez & A.O. Chater (eds.) Flora Mesoamericana. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D. F.
  11. ^ Whalen, E.E. 1902. Killarney Gardening Newsletter 14(May):19-23
  12. ^ Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide to the Vascular Plants of Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.
  13. ^ Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  14. ^ Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Flora of Tropical Florida: A Manual of the Seed Plants and Ferns of Southern Peninsular Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables

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