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Yuen Long (Chinese: 元朗), formerly Un Long, is an area and town on the Yuen Long Plain located in the New Territories West, Hong Kong. To its west lie Hung Shui Kiu (洪水橋) and Ha Tsuen, to the south Shap Pat Heung and Tai Tong, to the east Au Tau and Kam Tin (錦田), and to the north Nam Sang Wai.
The Cantonese name Yuen Long 元朗 in present-day conversation, "Yuen Long" may, depending on context, refer to the limits of the original market town, Yuen Long New Town, Yuen Long Plain or Yuen Long District.
The central part of Yuen Long was traditionally a market town in the area now known as Yuen Long San Hui (元朗新墟), in Yuen Long District in the New Territories West in Hong Kong. The site of the market town was situated centrally with regard to surrounding villages, allowing villagers a convenient location to sell their crops and fish.
The market is a place to allow people from villages in northwest New Territories to shop and trade. Like many market towns in Hong Kong, the market operates only on certain days each week.
Two new towns have been developed in Yuen Long since the 1970s:
Yuen Long New Town was developed by the market town in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
Tin Shui Wai New Town was established in the 1990s to the west of Yuen Long New Town, as separate from Yuen Long New Town. It is mostly residential.
There are Light Rail Transit and several bus routes serving between the two towns.
Private residential estate Fairview Park is located in the northeast part of Yuen Long.
The earliest market in Yuen Long was situated south of the main road near Tai Kei Leng. In 1669 the market was moved north to the area near where the present-day MTR station is situated. This was done for political reasons. This area is now known as Yuen Long Kau Hui (元朗舊墟, lit. "old Yuen Long Town"). This market is sited south of a small hill. While it is far from the coast today, it was beside the seashore when the market was first built.
After the British leased the New Territories in 1898, they built Castle Peak Road to connect major areas of the New Territories and Kowloon. The villagers proposed and moved the market town to the main road.
After the Second World War, Yuen Long Town dramatically increased in size, going from a small village into a large town known for its numerous cultural and sporting events.
The following information show transportation in Yuen Long.
Inside Yuen Long Town
- KMB Routes 68X, 68M, 968, 54, 76K, 77K, 264M, 269D, 263M, 276, 276P, 268B, 268C, 68A, 263M, 64K, 277, B1, N269, 869
- MTR Route K73, K65, K66, K68, K74, K73P
- LWB Route E34, N30
- NLB Route B2
Outside Yuen Long Town (except via Yuen Long Town)
- KMB Route 69M, 69X, 969, 276A, 276B, 269B, 269C, 51, 251M, N969
- MTR Route K75, K75P
- MTR West Rail Line
- Light Rail 751, 705 and 706
Yuen Long residents are mainly local Chinese with a sizable Hoa immigrants, Vietnamese Chinese from the 1970s to 1990s.
||Shahe Subdistrict / Deep Bay|| Shatou Subdistrict
Deep Bay / Mai Po
|Tin Shui Wai||Ngau Tam Mei|
|Ping Shan||Tai Tong||Kam Tin|