Yuendumu

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Yuendumu
Northern Territory
Yuendumu is located in Northern Territory
Yuendumu
Yuendumu
Coordinates 22°15′0″S 131°47′0″E / 22.25000°S 131.78333°E / -22.25000; 131.78333Coordinates: 22°15′0″S 131°47′0″E / 22.25000°S 131.78333°E / -22.25000; 131.78333
Population 687 (2011)[1]
 • Density 98/km2 (254/sq mi)
Established 1946
Postcode(s) 0872
Elevation 748 m (2,454 ft)
Area 7 km2 (2.7 sq mi)
Time zone ACST (UTC+9:30)
Location 293 km (182 mi) from Alice Springs
LGA(s) Southern Tanami Ward, Central Desert Shire Council
Territory electorate(s) Stuart
Federal Division(s) Lingiari

Yuendumu (22°15′S 131°47′E / 22.250°S 131.783°E / -22.250; 131.783) is a town in the Northern Territory of Australia.[2][3] It ranks as one of the larger remote communities in central Australia and has a thriving community of Aboriginal artists. Yuendumu lies 293 km northwest of Alice Springs on the Tanami Track, and is a community largely made up of the Warlpiri and Anmatyerr Aboriginal people, with a population of 817.[4] Yuendumu is located within the Yuendumu Aboriginal Lands Trust area on traditional Anmatyerr and Warlpiri land and includes numerous outstations.[5][6]

It was established in 1946 by the Native Affairs Branch of the Australian Government to deliver rations and welfare services.[7] In 1947 a Baptist mission was established there.[8] By 1955 many of the Warlpiri people had settled in the town. Today, some of the services and facilities available in Yuendumu include three community stores, Yuendumu Mediation Centre, school,[9] airstrip, swimming pool,[10] the Warlukurlangu art centre, an Aboriginal media organisation (PAW Media), a church, an elderly people's program, women's centre and safe house. Yuendumu retains links with other Warlpiri communities within the region, including Lajamanu, Willowra and Nyirripi.

Yuendumu hosts its annual sports weekend in the first week of August. The event includes football, basketball and softball competitions, attracting teams from other communities around the region. There is also a 'Battle of the Bands' night which showcases local bands.

Accomplishments[edit]

In the early 1980s the Yuendumu Warlpiri elders painted ceremonial designs on canvas, which begun the art movement at Yuendumu.[11] The first painting there was on the door of the Yuendumu school (which later started the Yuendumu Doors series), painted by P. Japaljarri Stewart and Kumanjayi Japaljarri Sims, who are some of the most well known artists at the community. In 1985 the Warlukurlangu Artists Association was founded at Yuendumu.[12] Notable artists who have painted with Warlukurlangu include Kumanjayi Nelson Napaljarri,[13] Norah Nelson Napaljarri,[14] Sheila Brown Napaljarri,[15] and Judy Watson Napangardi.

Contemporary Indigenous Australian artist Kumanjayi Napaljarri Kennedy was a senior woman at Yuendumu,[16] a member of the community council,[17] and was made a Member of the Order of Australia in 1994, for services to the Yuendumu community.[18] Artist Maggie Napaljarri Ross has received the Order of Australia for her work in establishing the Yuendumu Night Patrol.[19]

Warlpiri elders founded the Mount Theo Program in 1993 which has become a model for substance misuse prevention and youth diversion/development in remote Australian communities.[20] In 2007, Johnny Japangardi Miller 'Hooker Creek',[21] Peggy Nampijimpa Brown[22] and Andrew Stojanovski[23] were awarded the Order of Australia Medal (OAM) for their efforts in founding the program and 'for service to the community of Yuendumu and the surrounding region of the Northern Territory through programs addressing substance abuse among Indigenous youth'.

Yuendumu leaders who were awarded the Centenary Medal in 2001, which commemorates 100 years of Federation and recognises "citizens and other people who made a contribution to Australian society or government" include Wendy Nungarrayi Brown[24] and Rex Granites.[25] Yuendumu is the home community of indigenous activist Bess Nungarrayi Price.

For over 25 years the community has also been home to PAW Media (formerly Warlpiri Media),[26] most famously producing 'Bush Mechanics',[27][28] and also 'Aboriginal Rules'[29] which explored the social meaning of football in remote communities.

Yuendumu is home of the Yuendumu Magpies football team,[30] who play in the Central Australian Football League (CAFL) (formerly playing in the Ngurratjuta 'Country' Cup). Yuendumu won the inaugural season of the new Alice Springs competition in 2008.[31] Yuendumu player Liam Jurrah was drafted into the AFL soon after by the Melbourne Football Club.[32] Liam is now playing a very exciting brand of footy[33] and helping the Melbourne Demons to develop and groom their younger players. Yuendumu Mediation Centre is a forum of Community elders and leaders. Following many complaints of management led bullying of nurses at the government run health centre the issue gained publicity in the NT News http/www.ntnews.com.au/news/northern-territory/bullying-claims-as-remote-nt-health-clinic-ousted/comments-fnk0b1zt-1227023168662

References in music video games, and literature[edit]

The town is mentioned in the Midnight Oil song "Beds are Burning" (from the Diesel and Dust album): Four wheels scare the cockatoos/From Kintore East to Yuendumu.

In The PlayStation 2 Video Game "Sly 3: Honor Among Thieves", the mission "Rumble Down Under" takes place in Yuendumu, Australia.

Midnight Oil and Warumpi Band's tour to Yuendumu is documented in Andrew McMillan's book Strict Rules: The BlackfellaWhitefella Tour.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Yuendumu
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 46.5
(115.7)
43.2
(109.8)
41.1
(106)
38.5
(101.3)
34.5
(94.1)
30.7
(87.3)
31.1
(88)
35.2
(95.4)
38.2
(100.8)
41.2
(106.2)
45.6
(114.1)
44.6
(112.3)
46.5
(115.7)
Average high °C (°F) 36.5
(97.7)
35.2
(95.4)
33.4
(92.1)
30.1
(86.2)
25.0
(77)
22.1
(71.8)
22.0
(71.6)
25.1
(77.2)
29.5
(85.1)
32.9
(91.2)
35.1
(95.2)
36.2
(97.2)
30.26
(86.48)
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
22.1
(71.8)
19.4
(66.9)
15.5
(59.9)
11.0
(51.8)
7.6
(45.7)
6.4
(43.5)
8.5
(47.3)
13.0
(55.4)
16.9
(62.4)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
15.33
(59.6)
Record low °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
12.3
(54.1)
9.3
(48.7)
5.4
(41.7)
0.4
(32.7)
−1.1
(30)
−2.0
(28.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.1
(37.6)
5.9
(42.6)
8.4
(47.1)
12.1
(53.8)
−2
(28.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 64.9
(2.555)
64.8
(2.551)
47.4
(1.866)
22.6
(0.89)
23.9
(0.941)
13.6
(0.535)
15.1
(0.594)
7.4
(0.291)
8.6
(0.339)
21.0
(0.827)
31.3
(1.232)
45.9
(1.807)
365.2
(14.378)
Avg. rainy days 6.3 6.2 3.9 2.2 2.8 2.0 1.8 1.4 2.1 4.1 5.4 6.0 44.2
Source: [34]

Publications[edit]

NT News 2014 link: http://www.ntnews.com.au/news/northern-territory/bullying-claims-as-remote-nt-health-clinic-ousted/comments-fnk0b1zt-1227023168662

  • Campbell, Liam (2006). "Darby: One hundred years of life in a changing culture", Sydney, ABC Books.
  • Dussart, Francoise (2000). "The politics of ritual in an aboriginal settlement : kinship, gender, and the currency of knowledge", Washington D.C., Smithsonian Institution Press.
  • Meggitt, Mervyn J. (1962). "Desert people: A study of the Walbiri Aborigines of Central Australia", Angus & Robertson, London.
  • Musharbash, Yasmine (2008). "Yuendumu everyday : intimacy, immediacy and mobility in a remote Aboriginal settlement". Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press
  • Musharbash, Yasmine (2002). Yuendumu CDEP: The Warlpiri work ethic and Kardiya staff turnover pp. 153 – 166 in F. Morphy and W.G. Sanders (ed), "The Indigenous Welfare Economy and the CDEP Scheme" Research Monograph No. 21, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, The Australian National University E Press

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Yuendumu (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 16 February 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.bams.nt.gov.au/dtw/bams/public/pdfslaps/slp-198.pdf
  3. ^ DLGH - Bushtel | Community Search Display
  4. ^ National Regional Profile : Yuendumu (CGC) (Statistical Local Area)
  5. ^ DLGH - Bushtel | Community Search Display
  6. ^ DLGH - Bushtel | Community Search Display
  7. ^ Meggitt, 1962:28
  8. ^ Baptists in Australia
  9. ^ Yuendumu CEC
  10. ^ Macklin gets out the scissors as Yuendumu pool opens | Crikey
  11. ^ Tradition and Transformation
  12. ^ Warlukurlangu Artists Aboriginal Corporation
  13. ^ Birnberg, Margo; Janusz Kreczmanski (2004). Aboriginal Artist Dictionary of Biographies: Australian Western, Central Desert and Kimberley Region. Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing. p. 203. ISBN 978-1-876622-47-3. 
  14. ^ Birnberg, Margo; Janusz Kreczmanski (2004). Aboriginal Artist Dictionary of Biographies: Australian Western, Central Desert and Kimberley Region. Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing. p. 209. ISBN 978-1-876622-47-3. 
  15. ^ Birnberg, Margo; Janusz Kreczmanski (2004). Aboriginal Artist Dictionary of Biographies: Australian Western, Central Desert and Kimberley Region. Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing. p. 212. ISBN 978-1-876622-47-3. 
  16. ^ Birnberg, Margo; Janusz Kreczmanski (2004). Aboriginal Artist Dictionary of Biographies: Australian Western, Central Desert and Kimberley Region. Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing. p. 206. ISBN 978-1-876622-47-3. 
  17. ^ "Lucy Napaljarri". Dictionary of Australian Artists Online. 2007. Retrieved 2009-08-27. 
  18. ^ "Search Australian Honours: Kennedy, Lucy Napaljarri". It's an honour. Australian Government. Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  19. ^ Birnberg, Margo; Janusz Kreczmanski (2004). Aboriginal Artist Dictionary of Biographies: Australian Western, Central Desert and Kimberley Region. Marleston, South Australia: J.B. Publishing. p. 207. ISBN 978-1-876622-47-3. 
  20. ^ Mt Theo Program
  21. ^ It's an Honour - Honours - Search Australian Honours
  22. ^ It's an Honour - Honours - Search Australian Honours
  23. ^ It's an Honour - Honours - Search Australian Honours
  24. ^ It's an Honour - Honours - Search Australian Honours
  25. ^ It's an Honour - Honours - Search Australian Honours
  26. ^ Warlpiri Media Association
  27. ^ Bush Mechanics!
  28. ^ ABC TV Documentaries: Bush Mechanics
  29. ^ Aboriginal Rules
  30. ^ Under Construction: yuendumumagpies.com
  31. ^ http://www.footballcentralaustralia.com/afl-football-alice-springs/premiers[dead link]
  32. ^ In the red dirt Demon president delivers on promise - RFNews - theage.com.au
  33. ^ Just the start for four-goal Jurrah - AFL.com.au
  34. ^ "Yuendumu". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 26 November 2011. 

External links[edit]