Yueyang

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Yueyang
岳阳市
Prefecture-level city
Dongting Lake
Dongting Lake
Yueyang is located in Hunan
Yueyang
Yueyang
Location of the city centre in Hunan
Coordinates: 29°22′N 113°26′E / 29.367°N 113.433°E / 29.367; 113.433
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hunan
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 14,896 km2 (5,751 sq mi)
 • Urban 1,344 km2 (519 sq mi)
 • Metro 721 km2 (278 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Prefecture-level city 5,477,911
 • Density 370/km2 (950/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,232,133
 • Urban density 920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
 • Metro 991,465
 • Metro density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website yueyang.gov.cn

Yueyang (simplified Chinese: 岳阳; traditional Chinese: 岳陽; pinyin: Yuèyáng; Wade–Giles: Yüeh-yang; Postal map spelling: Yochow) is a prefecture-level city at the northeastern corner of Hunan province, People's Republic of China, on the southern shores of Dongting Lake.

Yueyang has an administrative area of 14,896 km2 (5,751 sq mi) and the city proper, 304 km2 (117 sq mi). The population was 5,477,911 at the 2010 census whom 991,465 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Yueyanglou District and Yunxi District.[1]

The city's most famous attraction is the Yueyang Tower.


Administration[edit]

Administrative divisions of Yueyang

The Yueyang prefecture is made up of six outlying districts, two special districts and the city proper. The six city districts are Huarong, Linxiang, Xiangyin, Pingjiang, Miluo and Yueyang. The two special (smaller) districts are Junshan and Yunxi, which used to be part of Yueyang city proper but were separated into their own special districts for administrative purposes.

History[edit]

The area now called Yueyang has been inhabited for over 3,000 years. It was originally established as a prefecture called Hanchang in 210 AD during the Three Kingdoms period.

Under the Song Dynasty (AD 960-AD 1279) it was heavily fortified, with walls 4 miles (6.4 km) in circumference, and became the seat of the military prefecture of Yueyang, whence its present name. During the Taiping Rebellion, its capture by the rebels in AD 1852 was an important stage in their advance up the Yangtze River valley to Nanjing. At the time of the foundation of the Republic of China in AD 1911, it became a county, taking the name Yueyang.

Yueyang Tower[edit]

Yueyang Tower is an ancient Chinese tower in Yueyang, Hunan Province, on the shore of Lake Dongting. Alongside the Pavilion of Prince Teng and Yellow Crane Tower, it is one of the Three Great Towers of Jiangnan.

Weather[edit]

Climate data for Yueyang (1953−2007)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
10.1
(50.2)
14.6
(58.3)
20.9
(69.6)
25.5
(77.9)
29.2
(84.6)
32.5
(90.5)
32.0
(89.6)
27.8
(82)
22.3
(72.1)
16.4
(61.5)
10.7
(51.3)
20.9
(69.6)
Average low °C (°F) 2.1
(35.8)
4.0
(39.2)
8.2
(46.8)
14.1
(57.4)
18.9
(66)
23.0
(73.4)
26.4
(79.5)
25.6
(78.1)
21.0
(69.8)
15.5
(59.9)
9.8
(49.6)
4.3
(39.7)
14.4
(57.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 57.0
(2.244)
76.0
(2.992)
120.9
(4.76)
172.9
(6.807)
186.9
(7.358)
213.5
(8.406)
133.7
(5.264)
117.2
(4.614)
59.7
(2.35)
76.0
(2.992)
69.1
(2.72)
42.7
(1.681)
1,325.6
(52.188)
Source: National Meteorological Centre of CMA

Education[edit]

There are a total of six colleges and polytechnic schools and several medical schools, among which the major national level educational institution is Hunan Institute of Science and Technology.

Other colleges include:

Schools:

  • The No.1 Middle School of the City of Yueyang (key provincial)http://www.yysyz.com.cn/
  • The No. 2 Middle School of the City of Yueyang
  • The No. 3 Middle School of the City of Yueyang
  • The No. 4 Middle School of the City of Yueyang
  • The High School of Yueyang City
  • The No. 6 Middle School of the City of Yueyang
  • The No. 7 Middle School of the City of Yueyang (Music School of the City of Yueyang)
  • The No. 8 Middle School of the City of Yueyang
  • The No. 9 Middle School of the City of Yueyang
  • The No. 10 Middle School of the City of Yueyang
  • The No. 11 Middle School of the City of Yueyang (secondary school Yueyang Financial, in 1990 Technical School)
  • The No. 12 Middle School of the City of Yueyang
  • Changlian Middle School (key provincial)
  • The Yuehua Middle School (key provincial)
  • Middle School of the City of Miluo (key provincial)
  • The No.1 Middle School of Huarong (key provincial)

Secondary Vocational Schools

  • Yueyang City Ahafo language 1,193,280.20
  • Zhongshan Yueyang City School Finance
  • Pok Man Foreign Languages School
  • Huarong County Vocational Schools
  • Yueyang County Vocational Schools
  • Great Wall vocational schools

Primary Schools

  • Yueyang Tower Primary
  • Nanhu Primary
  • Dongfanghong Primary
  • Chaoyang Primary

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Yueyang is twinned with:

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°22′N 113°06′E / 29.367°N 113.100°E / 29.367; 113.100