Yugoslav First Basketball League

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Yugoslav Basketball League
86px x 117px
Sport Basketball
Founded 1945
Countries Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia SFR Yugoslavia
Serbia and Montenegro FR Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro
Continent FIBA Europe (Europe)
Ceased 1991 (SFR Yugoslavia)
2002 (FR Yugoslavia)
2006 (Serbia and Montenegro)
Related competitions Yugoslav Basketball Cup
Level on pyramid 1st Tier
(SFR Yugoslavia, FR Yugoslavia / Serbia and Montenegro)
Relegation to Yugoslav 1. B League

The Yugoslav First Basketball League was the name of the top level basketball league played in SFR Yugoslavia from 1945 to 1990-91, and then in FR Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro from 1991-92 to 2005-06. The First Federal League was the top-tier league in Yugoslavia, and the Second Federal League was the second-tier league in Yugoslavia.

The name YUBA League (Yugoslav Basketball League) was used in Serbia and Montenegro until 2005. It consisted of the first-tier "First League", and the second-tier "Super League", with each having their own men's and women's divisions. The league was also named Winston YUBA League, Frikom YUBA League, Efes Pils YUBA League, Atlas Pils YUBA League, and Sinalco First League, for sponsorship reasons. For past league sponsorship names, see the list below.

Although all countries founded after the breakup of Yugoslavia each now have their own national domestic leagues, each of the six nations now take part in the Adriatic League, which was founded in 2001; and which is today the closest league in existence similar to the former Yugoslav Basketball League.

History

After the end of Second World War in Yugoslavia in 1945, there arose a need for athletic development in the fledgling nation. Post-WW2 Yugoslavia was (with the exception of major cities such as Belgrade, Ljubljana, Zagreb, and Sarajevo) for the most part lacking in competitive opportunities in sports. In response to this, 1945 and 1946 saw an explosion of new clubs and leagues for every sport, the basketball league being part of this phenomenon.

The very first competition under the newly formed Yugoslav Basketball League in 1945, drawing parallel to the Yugoslav First League (of football), was more or less a nationwide affirmation of unity. Instead of individual clubs competing in the usual fashion, there were only eight teams. Six representing each state within Yugoslavia, one representing the province of Vojvodina, and the last representing the Yugoslav People's Army.

Only in the 1970s did the basketball culture of Yugoslavia truly come to enjoy recognition as the top nation in basketball. Breaking away from the dominance of the Soviet Union, the Yugoslav league gave rise to stars that would go on to win multiple Basketball World Championships and European Basketball Championships. After a decade of dominance, the 1980s saw a disappointing slump of talent in the Yugoslav Basketball League.

Once again the world witnessed a sleeping giant come awake in the early 90s as Yugoslavia won two straight European Basketball Championships and a World Basketball Championship. This momentum was swiftly halted by the ethnic strife which broke out in 1991, and divided the nation into five successor republics, each founding their own basketball federations with the exception of Serbia and Montenegro, which retained the name Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the YUBA League.

When Serbia and Montenegro peacefully separated in 2006, the YUBA League ceased to exist and was re-branded as the Basketball League of Serbia a Serbia-only organization, with Montenegro forming its own federation.

Despite all these changes, the joint league of clubs from the former Yugoslavia proved to be a winning league format formula, so on July 3, 2001, the Adriatic League was founded. It features teams from all the former Yugoslav states, and it exists alongside scaled-down versions of the individual national domestic leagues of each of the former Yugoslav states.

Competition format 2003–2006

Both the Super League and First League used a double round-robin style qualification round, where each team played every other team both at home and away. Even the quarters, semis, and finals were played at home and away, including a tie-breaker if necessary with the home advantage awarded to the better qualifying team.

The Super League men's contained eight clubs, while women's contained six. Immediately after the qualification round were the semi finals, in which the top four qualifying teams competed in. While the two leagues worked exactly the same, the First League however, contained almost twice as many clubs as the Super League, fourteen and twelve for men's and women's respectively and therefore included quarter finals.

History of YUBA League 1945–1991

Title holders

Performance by club

Club Champions Winning years
Socialist Republic of Serbia Crvena Zvezda
12
1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1955, 1968-69, 1971-72
Socialist Republic of Slovenia Olimpija
6
1957, 1959, 1961, 1962, 1966, 1969-70
Socialist Republic of Croatia Zadar
6
1965, 1967, 1967-68, 1973-74, 1974-75, 1985-86
Socialist Republic of Croatia Split
6
1970-71, 1976-77, 1987-88, 1988-89, 1989-90, 1990-91
Socialist Republic of Serbia OKK Belgrade
4
1958, 1960, 1963, 1964
Socialist Republic of Serbia Partizan
4
1975-76, 1978-79, 1980-81, 1986-87
Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosna
3
1977-78, 1979-80, 1982-83
Socialist Republic of Croatia Cibona
3
1981-82, 1983-84, 1984-85
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Jugoslovenska Armija
1
1945
Socialist Republic of Serbia Proleter Zrenjanin
1
1956
Socialist Republic of Serbia Radnički Belgrade
1
1972-73

Performance by Republic 1946-1992

Club Champions
Socialist Republic of Serbia Serbia
22
Socialist Republic of Croatia Croatia
15
Socialist Republic of Slovenia Slovenia
6
Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina
3

Play-off Finals

Season Home court advantage Result Home court disadvantage 1st of Regular Season Record
1981-82
Partizan
0–2
Cibona Partizan
18–4
1982-83
Šibenka
1–2
Bosna Šibenka
16–6
1983-84
Cibona
2–1
Crvena Zvezda Cibona
16–6
1984-85
Cibona
2–1
Crvena Zvezda Cibona
19–3
1985-86
Cibona
1–2
Zadar Cibona
21–1
1986-87
Partizan
2–0
Crvena Zvezda Cibona
22–0
1987-88
Jugoplastika Split
2–1
Partizan Jugoplastika Split
21–1
1988-89
Partizan
0–3
Jugoplastika Split Partizan
16–6
1989-90
Jugoplastika Split
3–1
Crvena Zvezda Jugoplastika Split
19–3
1990-91
Pop 84 Split
3–0
Partizan Pop 84 Split
19–3

Source: official website archive[2]

Yugoslav basketball clubs in European-wide competitions 1958-2006

Euroleague

Split has made 3 Euroleague Final Four appearances (with 3 top 4 place finishes), has played in the Euroleague Final 4 times, and has won the Euroleague championship 3 times. Cibona has played in the Euroleague Final 2 times, and has won the Euroleague championship two times. Bosna has played in the Euroleague Final 1 time, and has won the Euroleague championship once. Partizan has made 2 Euroleague Final Four appearances, has played in the Euroleague Final once, and has won the Euroleague championship 1 time.

Club Champions Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
Socialist Republic of Croatia Split 1988-89, 1989-90, 1990-91 1971-72 1977-78*
Socialist Republic of Croatia Cibona 1984-85, 1985-86 1982-83*
Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosna 1978-79 1979-80*, 1980-81*, 1983-84*
Socialist Republic of Serbia OKK Belgrade 1958-59, 1963-64, 1964-65
Socialist Republic of Slovenia Olimpija 1961-62, 1966-67 1959-60, 1962-63, 1970-71
Socialist Republic of Croatia Zadar 1967-68, 1974-75 1965-66, 1968-69, 1986-87*
Socialist Republic of Serbia Partizan 1987-88 1979-80*, 1981-82*
Socialist Republic of Serbia Crvena Zvezda 1972-73 1969-70
Socialist Republic of Serbia Radnički Belgrade 1973-74

* Top 6 (semifinal group stage)

FIBA Saporta Cup

  • Yugoslav clubs that finished in the top 2 places of the now defunct Saporta Cup (1966-67 to 2001-02), which was the second-tier European-wide continental competition:
Club Champions Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
Socialist Republic of Croatia Cibona 1981-82, 1986-87 1980-81, 1983-84, 1988-89 1969-70
Socialist Republic of Serbia Crvena Zvezda 1973-74 1971-72, 1974-75 1990-91
Socialist Republic of Croatia Split 1972-73 1985-86
Socialist Republic of Serbia Radnički Belgrade 1976-77 1978-79
Socialist Republic of Slovenia Olimpija 1968-69, 1982-83 1967-68
Socialist Republic of Macedonia Rabotnički 1975-76
Socialist Republic of Serbia Partizan 1966-67, 1989-90
Socialist Republic of Croatia Zadar 1970-71, 1979-80
Socialist Republic of Croatia Kvarner 1977-78
Socialist Republic of Serbia IMT Belgrade 1987-88

FIBA Korać Cup

  • Yugoslav clubs that finished in the top 2 places of the now defunct Korać Cup (1971-72 to 2001-02), which was the third-tier European-wide continental competition:
Club Champions Finalist Semifinalist Quarterfinalist
Socialist Republic of Serbia Partizan 1977-78, 1978-79, 1988-89 1973-74 1974-75
Socialist Republic of Croatia Split 1975-76, 1976-77 1978-79, 1979-80
Socialist Republic of Croatia Cibona 1972 1979-80, 1987-88 1990-91
Socialist Republic of Croatia Šibenka 1981-82, 1982-83
Socialist Republic of Serbia Crvena Zvezda 1983-84 1980–81, 1981-82, 1984-85, 1987-88
Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosna 1977-78 1989-90
Socialist Republic of Serbia OKK Belgrade 1972
Socialist Republic of Croatia Zadar 1981-82, 1982-83, 1988-89 1990-91

Notable teams

Notable players

Notable coaches

Sponsorship names

Through the years, sometimes due to sponsorship deals, the league was variously known as:

  • Yugoslav First Federal League: 1945–1992
  • Winston YUBA League: 1992–2002
  • Frikom YUBA League: 2002–2003
  • Efes Pils YUBA League: 2003–2004
  • Atlas Pils YUBA League: 2004–2005
  • Sinalco First League: 2005–2006

See also

Notes

  1. ^ On 9 April 1983, Šibenka and Bosna played the final game that was decided in the last second: Bosna's Hadžić fouled Šibenka's Petrović, who proceeded to score two free throws that won the game. The next morning, the presidency of the Basketball Federation of Yugoslavia voided the result and ordered a rematch in Novi Sad. Šibenka decided to boycott it, and the title was awarded to Bosna.[1]

References