1946–47 Yugoslav First League

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Yugoslav First League 1946-47)
Jump to: navigation, search
Prva savezna liga
Season 1946–47
Champions Partizan (1st title)
Relegated Kvarner
Budućnost
Željezničar
14. Oktobar
Nafta
Top goalscorer Franjo Wölfl (28)

The 1946–47 Yugoslav First League season was the first season of the First Federal League (Serbo-Croatian: Prva savezna liga), the top level association football competition of SFR Yugoslavia, which ended the six-year period in which national football competitions were suspended due to World War II. It was also the first season in which the Football Association of Yugoslavia (FSJ) introduced the modern league system which included promotion and relegation between tiers of the football pyramid, as pre-war national championships held between 1927 and 1940 during Kingdom of Yugoslavia employed either a play-off tournament or a mini league format contested by regional champions.

In 1946 both the First and Second Leagues began to use a season long derby to determine the league champion, and an elimination cup to feature a secondary cup champion. With Partizan dominating the league, and then winning the cup shortly after, they are the first ever "double champion" of the Yugoslav First League.

Teams[edit]

Team Location Federal Republic Method of qualification
14. Oktobar[A] Niš Socialist Republic of Serbia PR Serbia Serbian championship runners-up
Budućnost Titograd Socialist Republic of Montenegro PR Montenegro Montenegrin championship winners
Dinamo Zagreb[B] Zagreb Socialist Republic of Croatia PR Croatia Croatian championship runners-up
Hajduk Split[C] Split Socialist Republic of Croatia PR Croatia Croatian championship winners
Kvarner[D] Rijeka Socialist Republic of Croatia PR Croatia Istrian play-off winners[D]
Lokomotiva Zagreb Socialist Republic of Croatia PR Croatia Croatian championship third place; Play-off runners-up
Metalac[E] Belgrade Socialist Republic of Serbia PR Serbia Serbian championship third place; Play-off winners
Nafta Lendava Socialist Republic of Slovenia PR Slovenia Slovenian championship winners
Partizan[F] Belgrade Socialist Republic of Serbia PR Serbia Qualified directly, representing the Yugoslav People's Army[F]
Pobeda[G] Skopje Socialist Republic of Macedonia PR Macedonia Macedonian championship winners
Ponziana Trieste Free Territory of Trieste Free Territory of Trieste Qualified directly, representing Free Territory of Trieste
Red Star Belgrade Socialist Republic of Serbia PR Serbia Serbian championship winners
Spartak Subotica Socialist Republic of Serbia PR Serbia Vojvodina championship winners
Željezničar Sarajevo Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina PR Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina championship winners

Notes[edit]

  • A FK Železničar Niš were runners-up in the 1946 Serbian championship. They then merged with two other Niš-based clubs Jedinstvo and Radnički to form 14. Oktobar who entered the 1946–47 Yugoslav First League (the name means "14 October", in reference to 14 October 1944, the day when the city of Niš was liberated by the advancing Partisans). Shortly after their relegation at the end of season, the team was transformed back into its founding clubs. Železničar Niš went on to spend decades in relative obscurity and ceased to exist in 2009.
  • B NK Dinamo Zagreb was officially formed in June 1945 by the municipal authorities of Zagreb.[1] The club inherited the colours and a number of players from the defunct local powerhouse Građanski and the grounds formerly owned by HAŠK, after both clubs had been disbanded by a government decree in 1945.[2] In subsequent decades Dinamo became one of the most prominent Croatian clubs and was never relegated from the Yugoslav First League. Following the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s the club officially began claiming lineage to Građanski and was briefly called "HAŠK Građanski" (1992) and "Croatia Zagreb" (1992–2000).[1] It claims honours won by Građanski before WWII.[3]
  • C Originally established in 1911, NK Hajduk Split were the only pre-war Yugoslav champions who survived WWII without getting reorganised or disbanded by post-war authorities. Refusing to be renamed AC Spalato and join the Italian league at the time when their home city of Split was occupied by Italy, the entire squad joined the Partisans on the island of Vis in the spring of 1944 and spent the following 12 months playing friendly matches against assorted Allied garrisons around the Mediterranean representing the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia (NOVJ).[4] Upon their return to Split in 1945 Josip Broz Tito reportedly urged them to move to the country's capital Belgrade to be transformed into the official team of the post-war Yugoslav People's Army (JNA), which the club refused.[5] This directly led to the creation of FK Partizan in October 1945, which was designed to took on that role instead of Hajduk.
  • D NK Kvarner based in Rijeka was established in July 1946 and took over the grounds formerly used by the defunct local Italian club US Fiumana after the city had passed to Yugoslavia following WWII.[6] It qualified for the Yugoslav First League after beating the short-lived Pula-based club USO (Unione Sportiva Operaia) in a two-legged playoff played in August 1946.[7] USO was formed in 1945 with players from the defunct Grion Pola which had been disbanded by the Anglo-American military administration shortly after WWII.[7] In late 1947 USO merged with another local club to form NK Pula, which survives today as NK Istra. Kvarner was renamed NK Rijeka in June 1954.[8]
  • E The Belgrade-based FK Metalac was formed in March 1945.[9] In a bid to claim lineage to the pre-war Serbian powerhouse BSK, the club was renamed BSK Belgrade in 1950, although the Football Association of Yugoslavia never officially recognized it as the former clubs' successor. In November 1957 it merged with lower-level side TSK Šumadija and was renamed OFK Beograd (short for Omladinski fudbalski klub Beograd, or Youth Football Club Belgrade), the name it carries to this day.[9] It still claims honours won by BSK before WWII.[10]
  • F FK Partizan was formed in Belgrade on 4 October 1945 as part of JSD Partizan, a sports society sponsored by the Yugoslav Army modelled after CSKA Moscow, and immediately took over the grounds formerly used by the disbanded pre-war powerhouse BSK.[9][11] As the official army club, Partizan was one of only two sides which entered the 1946–47 championship directly without having to go through any qualifiers. In April 1946 NK Mornar ("Sailor F.C.") based in Split and in 1947 FK Naša Krila ("Our Wings F.C.") based in Zemun were also established, intended to represent the Yugoslav Navy and the Yugoslav Air Force, with both clubs entering the 1947–48 Yugoslav Second League. While Partizan later became one of the giants of Yugoslav football, Mornar and Naša Krila were disbanded after only two seasons, in spite of Naša Krila reaching the Yugoslav Cup final in 1947 and 1949 and even contesting the 1948–49 Yugoslav First League.
  • G In July 1947 FK Pobeda merged with cross-city rivals FK Makedonija to form FK Vardar.

League table[edit]

Rank Club MP W D L GF GA GD P
1 Partizan Belgrade 26 23 1 2 77 17 +60 47
2 Dinamo Zagreb 26 19 4 3 81 26 +55 42
3 Red Star Belgrade 26 18 3 5 66 23 +43 39
4 Hajduk Split 26 16 4 6 57 21 +36 36
5 Metalac Belgrade 26 13 3 10 40 35 +5 29
6 Spartak Subotica 26 11 6 9 40 34 +6 28
7 Lokomotiva Zagreb 26 10 4 12 34 43 -9 24
8 Pobeda Skopje 26 8 6 12 41 49 -8 22
9 Kvarner Rijeka 26 7 7 12 27 42 -15 21
10 Budućnost Titograd 26 7 6 12 44 54 -10 20
11 Ponziana Trieste 26 9 2 15 35 50 -15 20
12 Željezničar Sarajevo 26 7 4 15 31 54 -23 18
13 14. Oktobar Niš 26 4 5 17 26 76 -50 13
14 Nafta Lendava 13 3 2 6' 6 ?  ? 11

league topscorer: Franjo Wölfl (Dinamo Zagreb) (28 goals from 24 league match appearances)

CHAMPIONS: FK Partizan (coach: Illés Spitz) player (league matches/league goals)
Stjepan Bobek (23/24)
Miroslav Brozović (23/2)
Bela Palfi (21/4)
Zlatko Čajkovski (20/3)
Kiril Simonovski (19/5)
Franjo Rupnik (18/11)
Prvoslav Mihajlović (18/9)
Aleksandar Atanacković (17/3)
Milivoje Đurđević (17/0)
Franjo Glazer (16/0) (goalkeeper)
Stanislav Popesku (13/0)
Miodrag Jovanović (13/0)
Silvester Šereš (12/2)
Florijan Matekalo (7/3)
Jane Janevski (6/1)
Risto Nikolić (6/0) (goalkeeper)
Vladimir Firm (4/3)
Momčilo Radunović (4/0)
Ratko Čolić (2/0)
Stevan Jakuš (2/0)
Franjo Šoštarić (2/0) (goalkeeper)
Šepe Šutevski (1/0)

Notes[edit]

  • On June 8, 1947 in a league match played in Niš between 14. Oktobar and FK Partizan (1-10), Stjepan Bobek scored 9 goals - an absolute record that has never been broken until the end of Yugoslav First League or its successor leagues.

Cup[edit]

Round of Sixteen[edit]

Partizan Beograd 2 - 0 Proleter Priština

Crvena Zvezda Beograd x - x X

X x - x X

X x - x X

X x - x X

X x - x X

Sloga Novi Sad x - x X

Naša Krila Zemun x - x X

Quarter finals[edit]

Naša Krila Zemun x - x X

Partizan Beograd 2 - 1 Crvena Zvezda Beograd

X x - x X

Sloga Novi Sad x - x X

Semi finals[edit]

Naša Krila Zemun x - x X

Partizan Beograd 4 - 0 Sloga Novi Sad

Finals[edit]

Partizan 2 - 0 Naša Krila Zemun

Stadium: Centralnog doma Jugoslovenske Armije (Stadium JNA)

Attendance: 10,000

Referee: Podupski (Zagreb)

Partizan: Franjo Šoštarić, Miroslav Brozović, Ratko Čolić, Bela Palfi, Miodrag Jovanović, Aleksandar Atanacković, Prvoslav Mihajlović, Stjepan Bobek, Jovan Jezerkić, Momčilo Radunović, Kiril Simonovski.

Naša krila: Popadić, Lazić, Filipović, Grčić, Brnjevarac, Lokošek, Panić, Pečenčić, Zlatković, Damjanović, Borovic

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dinamo". Nogometni leksikon (in Croatian). Miroslav Krleža Lexicographical Institute. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Maksimir". Nogometni leksikon (in Croatian). Miroslav Krleža Lexicographical Institute. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  3. ^ "Povijest kluba" (in Croatian). NK Dinamo Zagreb. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  4. ^ Puric, Bojan (25 January 2000). "Hajduk Split during World War II". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  5. ^ Čeko, Marko (14 February 2011). "Fifa i strani mediji prenijeli priču o četiri studenta koji su osnovali slavni klub" (in Croatian). Index.hr. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  6. ^ "Kantrida". Nogometni leksikon (in Croatian). Miroslav Krleža Lexicographical Institute. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  7. ^ a b Percan, Anton. "Povijest kluba" (in Croatian). NK Istra. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "Povijest" (in Croatian). NK Rijeka. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  9. ^ a b c "Vek romantike" (in Serbian). OFK Belgrade. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  10. ^ "Lična karta kluba" (in Serbian). OFK Belgrade. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 
  11. ^ "Istorija" (in Serbian). FK Partizan. Retrieved 27 March 2011. 

External links[edit]