Yugoslavia national football team

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This article is about the 1920–92 team representing the SFR Yugoslavia and its predecessor states. For the team representing FR Yugoslavia after the breakup of Yugoslavia, see Serbia and Montenegro national football team.
Yugoslavia
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) Plavi (The Blues)
Brazilians of Europe[1]
Association Football Association
of Yugoslavia
Most caps Dragan Džajić (85)
Top scorer Stjepan Bobek (38)
Home stadium Stadion FK Crvena Zvezda
FIFA code YUG
First colours
Second colours
First international
 Czechoslovakia 7 - 0 Kingdom SHS Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(Antwerp, Belgium; 28 August 1920)
After 1945
 Czechoslovakia 0 - 2 Yugoslavia Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(Prague, Czechoslovakia; 9 May 1945.)
Last International as SFR Yugoslavia[2]
 Netherlands 2 - 0 Yugoslavia Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(Amsterdam, Netherlands; 25 March 1992)
Biggest win
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia 10 - 0 Venezuela Venezuela
(Curitiba, Brasil; 14 June 1972)
Biggest defeat
 Czechoslovakia 7 - 0 Kingdom SHS Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(Antwerp, Belgium; 28 August 1920)
 Uruguay 7 - 0 Kingdom SHS Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(Paris, France; 26 May 1924)
 Czechoslovakia 7 - 0 Kingdom SHS Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(Prague, Czechoslovakia; 28 October 1925)
World Cup
Appearances 8[2] (First in 1930)
Best result Semifinal, 1930, Fourth place, 1962
European Championship
Appearances 4[2] (First in 1960)
Best result Runner up, 1960 and 1968
A Yugoslavia line-up in the 1930 FIFA World Cup.

The Yugoslavia national football team represented the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1943), known as Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes until 1929, and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1946–1991) in association football. It enjoyed success in international competition. In 1992, during the Yugoslav wars, the team was suspended from international competition as part of a United Nations sanction. In 1994, when the boycott was lifted, it was succeeded by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia national football team.

Serbia national football team inherited Yugoslavia's spot within FIFA and UEFA and is considered by both organisations as the only successor of Yugoslavia.[3][4][5]

History[edit]

Yugoslavia national football team
Medal record
Men’s Football
Olympic Games
Gold 1960 Rome Team
Silver 1948 London Team
Silver 1952 Helsinki Team
Silver 1956 Melbourne Team
Bronze 1984 Los Angeles Team
Mediterranean Games
Gold 1971 İzmir Team
Gold 1979 Split Team

The first national team was in the kingdom that existed between the two world wars. The Football Federation of what was then the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was founded in Zagreb in 1919 under the name Jugoslovenski nogometni savez (and admitted into FIFA), and the national team played its first international game at the Summer Olympics in Antwerp in 1920. The opponent was Czechoslovakia, and the historic starting eleven that represented Kingdom of SCS on its debut were: Dragutin Vrđuka, Vjekoslav Župančić, Jaroslav Šifer, Stanko Tavčar, Slavin Cindrić, Rudolf Rupec, Dragutin Vragović, Artur Dubravčić, Emil Perška, Ivan Granec, and Jovan Ružić. They lost by a huge margin 0-7, but nonetheless got their names in the history books.

1930 World Cup[edit]

In 1929, the country was renamed to Yugoslavia and the football association became Fudbalski Savez Jugoslavije and moved its headquarters to Belgrade. The national team participated at the 1930 FIFA World Cup, finishing in fourth place. In its first ever World Cup match in Montevideo's Parque Central, Yugoslavia managed a famous 2-1 win versus mighty Brazil, with the following starting eleven representing the country: Milovan Jakšić, Branislav Sekulić, Aleksandar Tirnanić, Milutin Ivković, Ivica Bek, Momčilo Đokić, Blagoje Marjanović, Milorad Arsenijević, Đorđe Vujadinović, Dragoslav Mihajlović, and Ljubiša Stefanović. The national team consisted of players based in Serbian football clubs, while the Zagreb Subassociation forbid players from Croatian clubs to play in the World Cup due to the relocation of football association's headquarters from Zagreb to Belgrade.[6]

Silver Medal at 1948 Summer Olympics[edit]

Yugoslavia begin their football campaign by defeating Luxembourg 6-1, with five different players scoring the goals. In the Quarter Finals and the Semi Finals, they would take out Turkey and Great Britain by the same score of 3-1. In the final though, they would lose to Sweden.

Silver Medal at 1952 Summer Olympics[edit]

Having a team with many players from the 1948 generation, Yugoslavia was a formidable side at the 1952 Summer Olympics and finished as runner-ups behind the legendary Hungary national football team. Against the USSR, Yugoslavia was 5–1 up with 15 minutes of their first round match to go. The Yugoslavs, understandably, put their feet up. Arthur Ellis, the match referee, recorded what happened next in his book, The Final Whistle (London, 1963): "The USSR forced the most honourable draw ever recorded! [Vsevolod] Bobrov, their captain, scored a magnificent hat-trick. After the USSR had reduced the lead to 5–2, he, almost single-handed, took the score to 5–5, scoring his third in the last minute. For once, use of the word sensational was justified." Although Bobrov's early goal in their replay presaged a miraculous recovery, Yugoslavia recovered sufficiently to put out their opponents easily in the second half.

Later decades[edit]

The federation and football overall was disrupted by World War II. After the war, a socialist federation was formed and the football federation reconstituted. It was one of the founding members of the UEFA and it organized the 1976 European Championship played in Belgrade and Zagreb. The national team participated in eight World Cups, four Euros, and won the Olympic football tournament in 1960 at the Summer Games (they also finished second three times and third once).

Dragan Džajić holds the record for the most national team caps at 85, between 1964 to 1979. The best scorer is Stjepan Bobek with 38 goals, between 1946 and 1956.

Dissolution and UN embargo[edit]

With the end of the Cold War, democratic principles were introduced to the country which brought about the end Communist rule. In the subsequent atmosphere, national tensions were heightened. At the Yugoslavia-Netherlands friendly in preparation for the 1990 World Cup, the Croatian crowd in Zagreb jeered the Yugoslav team and anthem and waved Dutch flags (owing to its resemblance to the Croatian tricolour). With the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the team split up and the remaining team of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) was banned from competing at Euro 92. The decision was made on 31 May 1992 - just 10 days before the competition commenced.[7]

They had finished top of their qualifying group, but were unable to play in the competition due to United Nations Security Council Resolution 757. Their place was taken by Denmark, who went on to win the competition. Yugoslavia had also been drawn as the top seed in Group 5 of the European Zone in the qualifying tournament for the 1994 World Cup. FRY was barred from competing, rendering the group unusually weak.

Breakup[edit]

After the breakup of Yugoslavia, the FRY consisted of Montenegro and Serbia. The national team of Serbia and Montenegro continued under the name Yugoslavia until 2003, when country and team were renamed Serbia and Montenegro. For the later official football teams, see:

National teams[edit]

Former Yugoslav republics[edit]

Both FIFA and UEFA consider the Serbian national team to be the direct and sole successor of the Yugoslavia (Kingdom of Yugoslavia, SFRYugoslavia and FRYugoslavia) and Serbia and Montenegro national football teams. The teams of other republics were inducted as fully new members.

Nation Confederation International Tournament (s) FIFA Active
 Croatia UEFA UEFA Euro 1996
1998 FIFA World Cup
2002 FIFA World Cup
UEFA Euro 2004
2006 FIFA World Cup
UEFA Euro 2008
UEFA Euro 2012
2014 FIFA World Cup
(since 1991)
 Slovenia UEFA UEFA Euro 2000
2002 FIFA World Cup
2010 FIFA World Cup
(since 1991)
 FR Yugoslavia UEFA 1998 FIFA World Cup
UEFA Euro 2000
(1994–2003)
 Serbia and Montenegro UEFA 2006 FIFA World Cup (2003–2006)
 Serbia UEFA 2010 FIFA World Cup (since 2006)
 Bosnia and Herzegovina UEFA 2014 FIFA World Cup (since 1996)
 Montenegro UEFA (since 2007)
 Macedonia UEFA (since 1991)

Youth teams[edit]

The under-21 team won the inaugural UEFA U-21 Championship in 1978.

The Yugoslav under-20 team won the FIFA World Youth Championship 1987.

Kit History[edit]

1930
1950-1962
1974
1982
1984
1990

Competitive record[edit]

World Cup record[edit]

Year Round Position GP W D* L GS GA
Uruguay 1930 Semi-finals* 3* 3 2 0 1 7 7
Italy 1934 Did Not Qualify - - - - - - -
France 1938 Did Not Qualify - - - - - - -
Brazil 1950 Round 1 5 3 2 0 1 7 3
Switzerland 1954 Quarter-finals 7 3 1 1 1 2 3
Sweden 1958 Quarter-finals 5 4 1 2 1 7 7
Chile 1962 Semi-finals 4 6 3 0 3 10 7
England 1966 Did Not Qualify - - - - - - -
Mexico 1970 Did Not Qualify - - - - - - -
West Germany 1974 2nd Group Stage 7 6 1 2 3 12 7
Argentina 1978 Did Not Qualify - - - - - - -
Spain 1982 Round 1 16 3 1 1 1 2 2
Mexico 1986 Did Not Qualify - - - - - - -
Italy 1990 Quarter-Finals 5 5 3 1 1 8 6
United States 1994 Banned* - - - - - - -
Total 8/15 2 x 4th 33 14 7 12 55 42
*Draw for qualifiers was made on 8 December 1991, however due to Yugoslav wars team was excluded from taking part due to UN sanctions.[8]

European Championship record[edit]

Year Round GP W D* L GS GA
France 1960 Final 2 1 0 1 6 6
Spain 1964 Did not Qualify - - - - - -
Italy 1968 Final 3 1 1 1 2 3
Belgium 1972 Did not Qualify - - - - - -
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1976 Fourth Place 2 0 0 2 4 7
Italy 1980 Did not Qualify - - - - - -
France 1984 Round 1 3 0 0 3 2 10
West Germany 1988 Did not Qualify - - - - - -
Sweden 1992 Qualified****
Total 4/9 10 2 1 7 14 26
*There was no third place playoff, but Yugoslavia was awarded with bronze medal[9][10]
**Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
***Gold background color indicates that the tournament was won. Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
****Qualified for the tournament, but suspended because of United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 during Yugoslav wars. Yugoslavia was replaced by Denmark, who went on to win the tournament.

Notable players (at least 10 caps)[edit]

from  SR Serbia

from  SR Croatia

from  SR Bosnia and Herzegovina

from  SR Slovenia

from  SR Macedonia

from  SR Montenegro

Most capped players[edit]

# Name Career Caps Goals
1 Dragan Džajić 1964 – 1979 85 23
2 Zlatko Vujović 1979 – 1990 70 25
3 Faruk Hadžibegić 1982 – 1992 65 6
4 Branko Zebec 1951 – 1961 65 17
5 Stjepan Bobek 1946 – 1956 63 38
6 Branko Stanković 1946 – 1956 61 3
7 Ivica Horvat 1946 – 1956 60 0
8 Vladimir Beara 1950 – 1959 59 0
9 Rajko Mitić 1946 – 1957 59 32
10 Bernard Vukas 1948 – 1957 59 22
11 Vujadin Boškov 1951 – 1958 57 0
12 Blagoje Marjanović 1926 – 1938 57 36
13 Jovan Aćimović 1968 – 1976 55 3
14 Zlatko Čajkovski 1946 – 1955 55 7
15 Fahrudin Jusufi 1959 – 1967 55 0
16 Mehmed Baždarević 1982 – 1992 54 4
17 Ivica Šurjak 1973 – 1982 54 10
18 Safet Sušić 1977 – 1990 54 21
19 Milorad Arsenijević 1927 – 1936 52 0
20 Dragan Holcer 1965 – 1974 52 0
21 Tomislav Crnković 1952 – 1960 51 0
22 Milan Galić 1959 – 1965 51 37
23 Aleksandar Tirnanić 1929 – 1940 50 12
24 Vladimir Durković 1959 – 1966 50 0
25 Milutin Šoškić 1959 – 1966 50 0
26 Branko Oblak 1970 – 1977 50 8

Head to head records[edit]

Opponent P W D L %W %D %L
 Argentina 6 2 1 3 33.33 16.67 50.00
 Belgium 11 5 2 4 45.45 18.18 36.36
 Bulgaria 28 17 5 6 60.71 17.85 21.43
 Brazil 14 2 6 6 14.28 42.86 42.86
 Czechoslovakia 31 9 4 18 29.03 12.90 58.06
 England 14 4 5 5 28.57 35.71 35.71
 France 25 10 7 8 40.00 28.00 32.00
 Germany 25 8 3 14 32.00 12.00 56.00
 Greece 21 16 3 2 76.19 14.28 9.52
 Italy 26 15 4 7 56 33.33 29
 South Korea 3 3 0 0 100.00 00.00 00.00
 Portugal 5 2 0 3 40.00 00.00 60.00
 Romania 40 17 5 18 42.50 12.50 45.00
 Soviet Union 17 2 4 11 11.76 23.53 64.71
 Spain 16 5 4 7 31.25 25.00 43.75
 Sweden 11 5 2 4 45.45 18.18 36.36
 United Arab Emirates 1 1 0 0 100.00 0.00 0.00

Head coaches[edit]

Head coach Period Record
Matches Won Drawn Lost
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ivica Osim 1986–1992 51 27 10 14
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ivan Toplak
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ivica Osim
1986 3 1 1 1
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miloš Milutinović 1984–1985 15 7 3 5
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Todor Veselinović 1982–1984 18 9 3 6
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miljan Miljanić 1979–1982 22 18 2 2
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dražan Jerković 1978 1 1 0 0
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ante Mladinić 1978 2 0 0 2
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slavko Luštica 1978 0 0 0 0
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Stevan Vilotić 1978 2 0 2 0
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Marko Valok
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Stevan Vilotić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Gojko Zec
1977 6 1 2 3
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ivan Toplak 1976–1977 8 2 0 6
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ante Mladinić 1974–1976 15 9 2 4
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miljan Miljanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milan Ribar
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Sulejman Rebac
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Tomislav Ivić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milovan Ćirić
1973–1974 11 3 3 5
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vujadin Boškov 1971–1973 27 10 12 5
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Rajko Mitić 1967–1970 34 13 10 11
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miljan Miljanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Rajko Mitić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vujadin Boškov
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Branko Stanković
1966 4 2 0 2
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miljan Miljanić
1966 2 0 1 1
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milan Antolković
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miljan Miljanić
1966 3 1 0 2
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milan Antolković
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miljan Miljanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Abdulah Gegić
1965 7 2 3 2
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubomir Lovrić 1964 11 3 1 7
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubomir Lovrić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Hugo Ruševljanin
1963–1964 7 5 0 2
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubomir Lovrić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Prvoslav Mihajlović
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Hugo Ruševljanin
1961–1963 22 15 2 5
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dragomir Nikolić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubomir Lovrić
1959–1961 29 16 8 5
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić 1955–1958 34 13 11 10
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Branko Pešić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Leo Lemešić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Franjo Wölfl
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milovan Ćirić
1954 9 5 2 2
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milorad Arsenijević
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Leo Lemešić
1952–1954 18 14 2 2
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milorad Arsenijević 1949–1952 23 15 3 5
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milorad Arsenijević
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
1946–1948 18 12 1 5
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Svetozar Popović 1940–1941 3 1 2 0
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Boško Simonović 1939–1940 4 1 1 2
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Svetozar Popović 1939 1 0 0 1
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Boško Simonović 1939 4 1 0 3
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Svetozar Popović 1937–1938 13 4 5 4
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Nikola Simić 1936 4 1 1 2
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Boško Simonović 1935 5 3 2 0
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Ivo Šuste
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Mata Miodragović
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Petar Pleše
1934–1935 6 3 0 3
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Boško Simonović 1933–1934 6 3 1 2
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Branislav Veljković 1933 6 3 1 2
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Boško Simonović 1930–1932 24 12 1 11
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Ante Pandaković 1926–1930 19 7 2 10
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Dušan Zinaja 1924–1925 3 0 0 3
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Todor Sekulić 1924 1 0 0 1
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Veljko Ugrinić 1920–1924 10 3 1 6

See also[edit]

Related articles
Successor teams

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ A farewell to Yugoslavia openDemocracy.net. Dejan Djokic; 10-04-2002
  2. ^ a b c As of 1992 before the split of SFR Yugoslavia; for later data see Serbia and Montenegro national football team.
  3. ^ History at FSS official website, Retrieved 4 October 2012 (Serbian)
  4. ^ Serbia at FIFA official website
  5. ^ News: Serbia at UEFA official website, published 1 January 2011, Retrieved 4 October 2012
  6. ^ History at Football Association of Serbia official website, retrieved 17-5-2913 (Serbian)
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "History of the FIFA World Cup Preliminary Competition (by year)". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 13 December 2011. 
  9. ^ "Медаља из дома Хаџијевих сведочи да смо били трећи на Мундијалу" (in Serbian). Politika. Retrieved 1 May 2010. 
  10. ^ "Još uvek sjaji bronza iz Montevidea" (in Serbian). Blic. Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  11. ^ Site of the Republic of Montenegro