Yugyd Va National Park

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Югыд ва
Yugyd Va National Park
Саблинский хребет.jpg
Map showing the location of Югыд ва
Map showing the location of Югыд ва
Location Komi Republic, Russia
Coordinates 62°25′N 58°47′E / 62.417°N 58.783°E / 62.417; 58.783Coordinates: 62°25′N 58°47′E / 62.417°N 58.783°E / 62.417; 58.783
Area 18,917 square kilometers
Established April 23, 1994
The Kozhim River in Yugyd Va National Park

Yugyd Va National Park (Komi, Russian: Югыд ва) is a national park in the Komi Republic, a constituent republic of the Russian Federation, in Northeastern Europe. It is Russia's and Europe's largest national park.

Location[edit]

The Yugyd Va park covers 18,917 square kilometers (7,304 sq mi) in the Northern Ural Mountains and adjacent foothills and flatlands. The entire park is within the Pechora River basin, i.e. west of the Europe-Asia continental divide; this means that all of it is geographically in Europe.

Administratively, the park is located in the south-eastern part of the Komi Republic, on the territory of the Vuktylsky, Intinsky and Pechorsky districts of the republic. The park headquarters is in the town of Vuktyl; branch offices operate in Pechora and Inta

In the south, the national park is adjacent to a much older Pechora-Ilych Nature Reserve.

History[edit]

The park was created by the Russian Government on April 23, 1994, with the goals of protection and recreational use of the taiga forests of the Northern Urals.

In 1995, the forest area including the Yugyd Va National Park and the nearby Pechora-Ilych Nature Reserve were recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, Virgin Komi Forests.

Wildlife[edit]

More than half of the park is covered with the taiga boreal forest; the rest is mostly tundra, found at higher elevations. There are also some 20 km² of meadows, both alpine ones and those in the river valleys.

Some 180 bird species live in the park, some of them quite rare. Twenty fish species are known to inhabit the park's rivers and lakes. There are also five amphibian species and one reptile species in the park.

Among the mammals common in the park are the mountain hare, flying squirrel, reindeer, ermine, otter, Alces alces (known as the moose in North American English and elk in British English), wolf, fox, wolverine, bear, pine marten, weasel, arctic fox.

Tourism[edit]

Recreational uses of the park include rafting, boating, and hiking in the summer, Nordic skiing in winter. Limited hunting is allowed too, but permits have to be applied for several months in advance.

Due to the remote location of the park, the amount of tourism there is still quite low. According to the park's management, it is currently visited by some 4,000 tourists every year, which is much less than the park's potential recreational capacity. The management was concerned with the fact that the user fees (some 2.4 million roubles (US $100,000) a year) did not cover park expenses (some 5 million roubles (US$200,000) a year).[1]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Clear future for the 'Clear Water', or how Yugyd Va National Park is to develop" Krasnoye Znamya (a local newspaper), 15 March 2006, No. 40. (Russian)

External links[edit]