|This biography needs additional citations for verification. (February 2014)|
|First Lady of South Korea|
24 March 1962 – 15 August 1974
Acting until 17 December 1963
|Preceded by||Gong Deok-gwi|
|Succeeded by||Park Geun-hye (acting)|
September 29, 1925|
Okcheon County, Chungcheongbuk-do, Japanese Korea
|Died||August 15, 1974
Seoul, South Korea
|Spouse(s)||Park Chung-hee (1950–1974)|
|Alma mater||Baehwa Women's High School|
|Revised Romanization||Yuk Yeong-su|
Yuk Young-soo (Korean pronunciation: [juɡjʌŋsu] November 29, 1925 – August 15, 1974) was the wife of the 3rd South Korean president Park Chung-hee and the mother of incumbent South Korean president Park Geun-hye. She was assassinated in 1974.
Yuk was born in Okcheon County, Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea in 1925. She graduated from Baehwa Women's High School. On 12 December 1950 she married Park Chung-hee, who was at the time a Lieutenant Colonel in the South Korean military. Yuk's father was against the match, so she married without his blessing.
At 10:00 a.m., August 15, 1974, South Korean Independence Day, Yuk was shot and killed by Mun Se-gwang, a North Korean sympathizer Zainichi Korean, while Mun attempted to assassinate President Park Chung-hee.
The assassination occurred at the Seoul National Theater of Korea during an Independence Day ceremony. Mun intended to shoot Park in the theater lobby. However, his view was obstructed, and he was forced to enter and be seated near the back of the theater. During Park's address, he attempted to get closer to the President but inadvertently fired his revolver prematurely, injuring himself. Having alerted security, he then ran down the theater aisle firing wildly. One shot struck Park's wife, Yuk Young-soo in the head, seriously wounding her. A brief exchange of gunfire ensued between the would-be assassin and Park Jong-gyu one of the President's security, before Mun was captured. A bullet fired by Park Jong-gyu ricocheted off a wall and killed a high school student, Jang Bong-hwa.
Yuk was rushed to the hospital in Wonnam-dong, central Seoul. Dr. Shim Bo-seong who was chief of the hospital’s neurosurgery department began operating on Yuk at 11 a.m. and which lasted for over 5 hours.
The bullet hit the biggest vein on the right side of brain and remained lodged within her brain. Yuk’s blood type was AB, which is a rare blood type and was in short supply in Korea. As a result hospital staff had to obtain additional blood from other nearby hospitals and the Red Cross Blood Service. The surgery was unable to save her life.
Yuk Young-soo is buried next to her husband at the Seoul National Cemetery.
Park composed the following poem the day after Yuk's state funeral.
Like a Long Magnolia Blossom Bending to the Wind
Under heavy silence Of a house in mourning Only the cry of cicadas Maam, maam, maam Seem to long for you who is now gone Under the August sun The Indian Lilacs turn crimson As if trying to heal the wounds of the mind My wife has departed alone Only I am left Like a lone magnolia blossom bending to the wind Where can I appeal The sadness of a broken heart
She and Park had three children: daughters Park Geun-hye and Park Seo-yeong and son Park Ji-man.
- Jager, Sheila Miyoshi (2013). Brothers at War - The Unending Conflict in Korea. London: Profile Books. ISBN 978-1-84668-067-0.
- Oberdorfer, Don (1997). The Two Koreas: A Contemporary History. Reading: Addison-Wesley. ISBN 978-0-20140-927-7.
|First Lady of South Korea