Yukhym Zvyahilsky

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Yukhym Zvyahilsky
Юхим Звягільський
2013. День Победы в Донецке 226.jpg
Mayor of Donetsk
In office
1992–1993
President Leonid Kravchuk
Preceded by Oleksandr Makhmudov
Succeeded by Volodymyr Rybak
4th First Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine
In office
11 June 1993 – 4 July 1994
Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma
Himself (acting)
Preceded by Ihor Yukhnovskyi
Succeeded by Viktor Pynzenyk
2nd Acting Prime Minister of Ukraine
In office
22 September 1993 – 16 June 1994
Personal details
Born (1933-02-20) 20 February 1933 (age 81)
Stalino, Ukrainian SSR
Political party Communist Party of the USSR (1950s-1991)
Party of Regions (2007-present)
Spouse(s) Lyudmila (1931)
Children a daughter
Alma mater Donetsk Industrial Institute (1956)

Yukhym Leonidovych Zvyahilsky (Ukrainian: Юхим Леонідович Звягільський, Russian: Efim Zvyagilsky) (born 20 February 1933 in Donetsk) is a Ukrainian politician.

Being the First Vice-Prime Minister in the Cabinet of Kuchma, he served as an acting-Prime Minister from 22 September 1993 after Kuchma was elected the President of Ukraine. Zvyahilsky was the longest serving Prime Minister office (as acting) without being officially appointed to it. Zvyahilsky kept the appointement until Vitaly Masol was confirmed as the Prime Minister of Ukraine in June 1994.

Biography[edit]

Zvyahilsky was born in the family of a serviceman on February 20, 1933. In 1956 he graduated from the Donetsk Industrial Institute as a mining engineer. After graduating Zvyahilsky worked at the mine #13 of the Soviet trust company "Kuibyshevugol" (Kuibyshev Coal) as a chief assistant, later as a chief of a coal precinct, chief engineer, director. In 1972 he wrote a thesis "Observation of regional technological schemes of mining fields in the development of thin inclined layers (in reference to the Donetsk-Makiivka region of Donetsk basin)" (Moscow Mining Institute) earning him academical title of a candidate of sciences. Later Zvyahilsky defended his doctorate on the subject "Geomechanical foundations of landslides of the earth surface above mines, which can be eliminated" (Institute of geotechnical mechanics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine). Coincidentally, in early 1990s Ukraine suffered from the miners' strikes that led to the early presidential elections in 1994.

From 1970 to 1979 Zvyahilsky worked at the Kuibyshev Mine Corporation of the Industrial Union "Donetskugol" (Donetsk Coal). In 1975 he was appointed a director of the company. From 1979 through 1992 Zvyahilsky was a director of Zasyadko coal mine of the Industrial Union "Donetskugol". The mine, which is known for its chronic accidents, became particularly famous in 2007 for the most deadly disaster in the mining history of Ukraine.

In March 1990 as the member of the Communist Party of Soviet Union, Zvyahilsky was elected to the Parliament of Ukraine from the 112th electoral district. In November 1992 he was appointed the chairman of the city council and executive committee. In June 1993 Zvyahilsky was appointed to the Kuchma's Cabinet as the First Vice-Prime Minister. In March 1994 now as an independent Zvyahilsky was elected to the parliament from the 110th electoral district. In 1994 Zviahilskyi, being perceived affiliated with Leonid Kravchuk, was accused of having stolen some $20 million by Ukrainian President Kuchma during his term as acting Prime Minister and he fled to Israel in fear for his life.[1][2] After some time Zviahilskyi returned to Ukraine in March 1997 and as a current member of Verkhovna Rada missed most of the sessions of the parliament.[2]

In 1998 Zvyahilsky once again as an independent was elected now from the 43rd electoral district. In 2002 he was already elected to the parliament as a member of the Party of Regions. Zvyahilsky is currently a member of the Verkhovna Rada (parliament), representing the ruling Party of Regions, and owner of the Zasyadko coal mine in Donetsk. Being a member of Parliament, he has immunity from prosecution.[2] In the 2012 parliamentary elections elected for Party of Regions in single-mandate majoritarian election district number 45 (Donetsk region) (gained 72.59% of the votes)[3]

Awards and legacy[edit]

  • street is named after him in Kiev raion in Donetsk city

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Ihor Yukhnovsky
First Vice-Prime Minister of Ukraine
1993–1994
Succeeded by
Viktor Pynzenyk